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Table 4 Major bleeding complications by modified Clavien score

From: No staghorn calculi and none/mild hydronephrosis may be risk factors for severe bleeding complications after percutaneous nephrolithotomy

  Clavien category No. cases
2 Bleeding requiring blood transfusion 22
3a Bleeding requiring multiple bladder washouts 2
3b Bleeding managed by angioembolisation 45
4a Bleedingrequiring ICU management 1
Total   70