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Table 3 Characteristics of Patients with or without SIRS on the 5th day

From: Presepsin as a predictor of septic shock in patients with urinary tract infection

Variable SIRS group Non-SIRS group p-value
N = 7 N = 43
Age (years) 64 [54–68] 68 [61–77] 0.126
Day1/White blood cell (/mm3) 18,200 [17,200–24900] 13,600 [9900–16,000] 0.009
Day1/C-reactive protein (mg/L) 25.63 [9.58–31.38] 8.23 [4.1–16.6] 0.007
Day1/Presepsin (pg/mL) 1167 [878–5129] 419 [277–922] 0.006
Day1/Procalcitonin (ng/mL) 73.1 [25.06–103.73] 0.55 [0.14–2.06] 0.003
Day1/Aspartate transaminase (U/L) 34 [28–126] 24 [18–33] 0.013
Day1/Alanine transaminase (U/L) 23 [18–52] 16 [11–25] 0.056
Day1/γ-glutamyl transpeptidase (U/L) 48 [38–72] 28 [21–51] 0.133
Day1/Creatinine (mg/dL) 2.30 [1.72–2.71] 1.05 [0.85–1.84] 0.007
Day3/White blood cell (/mm3) 11,900 [9400–20,100] 8400 [5900–10,400] 0.021
Day3/C-reactive protein (mg/L) 25.58 [16.47–34.54] 10.71 [6.55–15.40]  < 0.001
Day3/Presepsin (pg/mL) 633 [464–1360] 311 [196–695] 0.027
Day3/Procalcitonin (ng/mL) 20.34 [14.23–32.27] 1.35 [0.30–15.09] 0.005
Sex (male/female) 4/3 29/14 0.446
Urinary culture (P/N) 7/0 38/5 0.454
Blood culture (P/N) 6/1 18/25 0.039
Placement of urinary catheter (Y/N) 2/5 22/21 0.244
Urological cancer (Y/N) 1/6 14/29 0.311
Urinary calculi (Y/N) 4/3 8/35 0.048
DM (Y/N) 1/6 8/35 0.630
Surgical procedure (Y/N) 6/1 22/21 0.095
Internal use of steroid (Y/N) 2/5 7/36 0.370
  1. Values are expressed as number or median [interquartile range, IQR]
  2. DM diabetes mellitus, P positive, N no, Y yes