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Table 6 Associations between presence of any overactive bladder symptom bother and less than optimal health-related quality of life with sociodemographic, health, and academic variables of the students

From: Prevalence of overactive bladder symptoms and their impact on health-related quality of life of medical and dentistry students: a multicenter cross-sectional study

Variable OAB symptoms HRQoL
Absent Present χ2/FET p value Less than optimal Optimal χ2/FET p value
n % n % n % n %
University*
 University 1 58 14.4 192 47.8 1.27 0.553 88 21.9 162 40.3 1.89 0.388
 University 2 23 5.7 91 22.6 37 9.2 77 19.2
 University 3 6 1.5 32 8.0 17 4.2 21 5.2
Discipline
 Medicine 80 19.9 270 67.2 2.36 0.150 116 28.9 234 58.2 5.63 0.020
 Dentistry 7 1.7 45 11.2 26 6.5 26 6.5
Academic stage
 Basic stage (1st–3rd year) 35 8.7 162 40.3 3.42 0.070 76 18.9 121 30.1 1.79 0.210
 Clinical stage (4th–6th year) 52 12.9 153 38.1 66 16.4 139 34.6
Gender
 Male 36 9.0 90 22.4 5.20 0.027 29 7.2 97 24.1 12.17  < 0.001
 Female 51 12.7 225 56.0 113 28.1 163 40.5
Age (years)
 < 21 31 7.7 143 35.6 2.65 0.113 67 16.7 107 26.6 1.36 0.249
 ≥ 21 56 13.9 172 42.8 75 18.7 153 38.1
Body mass index
 < 24.9 56 13.9 215 53.5 0.47 0.519 96 23.9 175 43.5 0.00 1.000
 ≥ 24.9 31 7.7 100 24.9 46 11.4 85 21.1
Presence of chronic disease
 No 84 20.9 294 73.1 1.26 0.318 131 32.6 247 61.4 1.23 0.277
 Yes 3 0.7 21 5.2 11 2.7 13 3.2
History of surgery
 Yes 14 3.5 64 15.9 0.78 0.445 28 7.0 50 12.4 0.01 1.000
 No 73 18.2 251 62.4 114 28.4 210 52.2
History of trauma
 Yes 1 0.2 7 1.7 0.40 0.693 4 1.0 4 1.0 0.77 0.461
 No 86 21.4 308 76.6 138 34.3 256 63.7
Employment
 Yes 4 1.0 10 2.5 0.41 0.743 3 0.7 11 2.7 1.22 0.395
 No 83 20.6 305 75.9 139 34.6 249 61.9
Smoking
 Yes 15 3.7 50 12.4 0.09 0.869 21 5.2 44 10.9 0.31 0.671
 No 72 17.9 265 65.9 121 30.1 216 53.7
Self-rated satisfaction with academic achievement
 Not satisfied 19 4.7 63 15.7 0.14 0.764 29 7.2 53 13.2 0.00 1.000
 Satisfied 68 16.9 252 62.7 113 28.1 207 51.5
Self-rated stress
 Low stress 64 15.9 191 47.5 4.91 0.032 75 18.7 180 44.8 10.67 0.001
 High stress 23 5.7 124 30.8 67 16.7 80 19.9
Number of study hours/day
 < 5 44 10.9 133 33.1 1.93 0.181 52 12.9 125 31.1 4.89 0.028
 ≥ 5 43 10.7 182 45.3 90 22.4 135 33.6
Self-rated satisfaction with the financial status
 Not satisfied 27 6.7 122 30.3 1.73 0.211 59 14.7 90 22.4 1.89 0.195
 Satisfied 60 14.9 193 48.0 83 20.6 170 42.3
Self-rated satisfaction with the social life
 Not satisfied 21 5.2 104 25.9 2.51 0.119 52 12.9 73 18.2 3.13 0.091
 Satisfied 66 16.4 211 52.5 90 22.4 187 46.5
  1. HRQoL: Health-related quality of life, OAB: Overactive bladder, χ2/FET: Pearson Chi-Square/Fisher's Exact Test