This article has Open Peer Review reports available.
Primary renal carcinoid natural history of the disease for ten years: case report
© Gunes et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2002
Received: 02 August 2001
Accepted: 11 January 2002
Published: 11 January 2002
Primary renal carcinoid is extremely rare and there are few reports on the natural history of the disease.
A 68-year-old male with a right renal mass who lost to follow-up for ten years has been presented. His only complaint was a mild flank pain. Upon admission to the hospital for his renal mass, he underwent a right radical nephrectomy and pathological examination revealed the diagnosis of primary renal carcinoid.
In light of the presented case, primary renal carcinoma may have a prolonged natural history with no distant metastasis and any change in the quality of life of the patient.
Although common in respiratory and gastrointestinal organs, carcinoid is rarely encountered in the urogenital system. Primary renal carcinoid is especially rare with only 32 cases reported in the English literature, as of yet . Mean follow-up for carcinoid tumor has been reported to be 31.6 months, the longest being eight years following surgery [2, 3]. Clinical and histological behavior of the disease and survival remain to be an enigma due to its rarity. In the present report, a case with primary renal carcinoid who declined any intervention or follow-up for ten years was presented.
Although common in respiratory and gastrointestinal organs, carcinoid is uncommon in the urogenital system. Primary renal carcinoid is especially rare; there are only 32 cases reported in the English literature . Carcinoids usually present with their neuroendocrine secretory functions; however, only two cases of Carcinoid syndrome and one Cushing's syndrome were reported with primary renal carcinoids [1, 2]. The 5-year-survival rates in patients with carcinoid tumors are 65% for localized and 36% for metastatic tumors . In the presented case the patient had the diagnosis of right renal mass without any medical intervention or follow-up for 10 years. The mass nearly doubled in size, spreaded intrarenally, and invaded the precaval and paraaortic lymph nodes without any distant metastases. There were no clinical symptoms other than mild flank pain. His constipation was considered unrelated to the primary disease since plasma serotonin, vasointestinal polypeptide and urinary 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid levels were all within normal limits.
To our knowledge, this is the first case on the natural history of primary renal carcinoid in the English literature that radiological and clinical behavior could be assessed for 10 years without any intervention. We have shown that, primary carcinoid of the kidney may stay localized and follow a silent course without any distant metastasis, may be devoid of any paraneoplastic syndromes and does not have any impact on the quality of life of the patient, as long as 10 years.
We would like to thank Associate Prof. Dr. Mevlana Derya Balbay for reviewing the manuscript and our patient for giving written consent for publication of their details.
- Takeshima Y Y, Inai K, Yoneda K: Primary carcinoid tumor of the kidney with special reference to its histogenesis. Path Intern. 1996, 46: 894-900.View ArticleGoogle Scholar
- Hannah J, Lippe B, Lai-Goldman M, et al: et al., Oncocytic carcinoid of the kidney associated with periodic Cushing's syndrome. Cancer. 1988, 61: 2136-2140.View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar
- Tocker C: Carcinoid renal tumor. J Urol. 1974, 11: 10-11.Google Scholar
- Kulke MH, Mayer RJ: Carcinoid tumors. N Engl J Med. 1999, 340: 858-868. 10.1056/NEJM199903183401107.View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar
- The pre-publication history for this paper can be accessed here:http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2490/2/1/prepub
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article: verbatim copying and redistribution of this article are permitted in all media for any purpose, provided this notice is preserved along with the article's original URL.