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Table 1 Baseline characteristics

From: The association of pathogenic factors of metabolic syndrome on serum prostate-specific antigen levels: a pilot study

CharacteristicsOverall(506)Mets(190)non-Mets(316)P-value
Age69.27 ± 8.3170.63 ± 7.9368.46 ± 8.440.004†
BMI, kg/m224.70 ± 3.1025.26 ± 2.9324.36 ± 3.160.002†
Waist circumference, cm86.91 ± 8.6989.00 ± 8.4485.66 ± 8.61<0.001†
SBP, mmHg137.61 ± 15.52146.74 ± 13.05132.13 ± 14.27<0.001†
DBP, mmHg79.22 ± 10.5681.77 ± 10.6577.69 ± 10.22<0.001†
Elevated blood pressure, n (%)72.195.850.1<0.001‡
FBG, mg/dL102.14 ± 25.45113.04 ± 31.3795.59 ± 18.25<0.001†
Triglycerides,mg/dL160.38 ± 138.81225.63 ± 191.67121.15 ± 68.81<0.001†
HDL-C, mg/dL47.29 ± 11.4540.20 ± 8.6551.56 ± 10.80<0.001†
LDL-C, mg/dL111.86 ± 30.59109.86 ± 29.27113.07 ± 31.340.253†
PV, cm324.57 ± 7.1526.31 ± 7.8323.53 ± 6.50<0.001†
Qmax, mL/s15.41 ± 6.0911.96 ± 4.3117.50 ± 6.07<0.001†
PSA, ng/mL1.35 ± 1.121.36 ± 1.101.35 ± 1.140.940†
IPSS13.04 ± 7.6214.26 ± 7.3412.30 ± 7.710.005†
Insulin, pmol/L51.68 ± 31.0852..93 ± 29.7450.93 ± 31.880.484†
HOMA IR2.15 ± 1.352.42 ± 1.521.98 ± 1.21<0.001†
Leptin, ng/mL3.51 ± 2.834.21 ± 2.793.09 ± 2.77<0.001†
Resistin, ng/mL29.70 ± 18.2929.05 ± 16.3930.09 ± 19.350.518†
Adiponectin, μg/mL2.99 ± 1.702.99 ± 1.652.99 ± 1.720.991†
CRP, mg/L2.20 ± 4.312.24 ± 3.582.18 ± 4.700.871†
IL-6, pg/mL1.87 ± 5.471.97 ± 7.441.81 ± 3.840.755†
TNF-α, pg/mL43.52 ± 9.6342.20 ± 9.4144.31 ± 9.690.017†
DHT, pg/mL380.87 ± 230.30370.63 ± 208.30387.05 ± 242.730.438†
SHBG, nmol/L70.71 ± 35.2167.39 ± 33.3472.72 ± 36.200.100†
Estradiol, pg/mL38.70 ± 17.1040.29 ± 19.5037.74 ± 15.430.117†
Testosterone, ng/mL4.61 ± 1.754.31 ± 1.364.79 ± 1.920.001†
E2/T9.67 ± 8.6610.23 ± 5.899.33 ± 9.960.261†
Number of MetS components, n
 0 48 (9.5%)
 1 126 (24.9%)
 2 142 (28.1%)
 3116 (22.9%) 
 463 (12.5%) 
 511 (2.2%) 
  1. MetS Metabolic syndrome, BMI Body mass index, SBP Systolic blood pressure, DBP Diastolic blood pressure, FBG Fasting blood glucose, HDL High-density lipoprotein, LDL Low-density lipoprotein, PV Prostate volume, CRP C-reactive protein, IL-6 Interleukin 6, TNF-α Tumor Necrosis Factor alpha, DHT 5α-Dihydrotestosterone, SHBG Sex hormone binding globulin; P were calculated by independent t-test† and chi-squared test‡; Bold indicates statistically significant values