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  1. Improved understanding of prostate cancer radiobiology combined with advances in delivery of radiation to the moving prostate offer the potential to reduce treatment-related morbidity and maintain quality of l...

    Authors: Alan J Katz, Michael Santoro, Richard Ashley, Ferdinand Diblasio and Matthew Witten
    Citation: BMC Urology 2010 10:1
  2. Normal ultrasound values for pole-to-pole kidney length (LPP) are well established for children, but very little is known about normal kidney size and its influencing factors in adults. The objectives of this ...

    Authors: Bernhard Glodny, Verena Unterholzner, Bernadette Taferner, Karin J Hofmann, Peter Rehder, Alexander Strasak and Johannes Petersen
    Citation: BMC Urology 2009 9:19
  3. Treatment options for overactive bladder (OAB) with urinary urge incontinence (UUI) refractory to oral antimuscarinics include: botulinum toxin type A (BoNTA), sacral neuromodulation (SNM), and augmentation cy...

    Authors: Jonathan D Campbell, Katharine S Gries, Jonathan H Watanabe, Arliene Ravelo, Roger R Dmochowski and Sean D Sullivan
    Citation: BMC Urology 2009 9:18
  4. this study represents a case series to evaluate how successful is the rigid percutaneous nephroscopy as a tool for clearance of all stones in various locations in horseshoe kidneys.

    Authors: Mohamed N El Ghoneimy, Ahmed S Kodera, Ashraf M Emran, Tamer Z Orban, Ahmed M Shaban and Mohamed M El Gammal
    Citation: BMC Urology 2009 9:17
  5. The purpose of this prospective study was to evaluate the donor site morbidity in patients who have undergone oral mucosa graft urethroplasty for stricture of the urethra. The impact of smoking and oral consum...

    Authors: Rahul Janak Sinha, Vishwajeet Singh, SN Sankhwar and Divakar Dalela
    Citation: BMC Urology 2009 9:15
  6. We determine the utility of serial urinary cytologies in patients presenting with microscopic hematuria who were evaluated with upper and lower urinary tract studies to rule out a malignancy.

    Authors: Kogenta Nakamura, Ali Kasraeian, Kenneth A Iczkowski, Myron Chang, John Pendleton, Satoshi Anai and Charles J Rosser
    Citation: BMC Urology 2009 9:12
  7. Previous studies have shown an association between diabetes mellitus (DM) and urinary incontinence (UI) in women, especially severe UI. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether diabetes related var...

    Authors: Marit Helen Ebbesen, Yngvild S Hannestad, Kristian Midthjell and Steinar Hunskaar
    Citation: BMC Urology 2009 9:11
  8. Chronic human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is associated with an increased incidence of Non-Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (non-AIDS) defining cancers. To date, only a limited number of cases of ...

    Authors: Elizabeth M Gaughan, Bruce J Dezube, Mark Bower, David M Aboulafia, Gerry Bohac, Timothy P Cooley and Liron Pantanowitz
    Citation: BMC Urology 2009 9:10
  9. Botulinum Toxin Type-A (BoNT/A) intraprostatic injection can induce prostatic involution and improve LUTS and urinary flow in patients with Benign Prostatic Enlargement (BPE). However, the duration of these ef...

    Authors: João Silva, Rui Pinto, Tiago Carvalho, Francisco Botelho, Pedro Silva, Rui Oliveira, Carlos Silva, Francisco Cruz and Paulo Dinis
    Citation: BMC Urology 2009 9:9
  10. Penile cancer is an uncommon malignancy with an incidence of 1 per 100,000. Conservative and radical treatments can be disfiguring and may have an impact on sexual function, quality of life (QOL), social inter...

    Authors: Satish B Maddineni, Maurice M Lau and Vijay K Sangar
    Citation: BMC Urology 2009 9:8
  11. Little evidence is available to determine which patients should undergo repeat biopsy after initial benign extended core biopsy (ECB). Attempts have been made to reduce the frequency of negative repeat biopsie...

    Authors: Mark A Rochester, Nora Pashayan, Fiona Matthews, Andrew Doble and John McLoughlin
    Citation: BMC Urology 2009 9:7
  12. Renal cell carcinoma patients respond poorly to conventional chemotherapy, this unresponsiveness may be attributable to multidrug resistance (MDR). The mechanisms of MDR in renal cancer are not fully understoo...

    Authors: Naomi Walsh, Annemarie Larkin, Susan Kennedy, Lisa Connolly, Jo Ballot, Wei Ooi, Giuseppe Gullo, John Crown, Martin Clynes and Lorraine O'Driscoll
    Citation: BMC Urology 2009 9:6
  13. Bladder small cell carcinoma is an uncommon tumour. Through a retrospective study we will present the evolution of recurrent and metastatic disease and outcome of patients treated at Léon-Bérard Cancer Centre.

    Authors: Nabil Ismaili, Pierre Etienne Heudel, Fadi Elkarak, Wafaa Kaikani, Agathe Bajard, Mohammed Ismaili, Hassan Errihani, Jean Pierre Droz and Aude Flechon
    Citation: BMC Urology 2009 9:4
  14. High-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (HGPIN) is a precursor lesion to prostate cancer (CaP). UK-based studies examining the occurrence of isolated HGPIN and subsequent risk of CaP are lacking. Our ai...

    Authors: Paras B Singh, Caroline M Nicholson, Narasimhan Ragavan, Rosemary A Blades, Francis L Martin and Shyam S Matanhelia
    Citation: BMC Urology 2009 9:3
  15. The clinical problem of bladder cancer is its high recurrence and progression, and that the most sensitive and specific means of monitoring is cystoscopy, which is invasive and has poor patient compliance. Bio...

    Authors: Robert E Hurst
    Citation: BMC Urology 2009 9:1
  16. The importance of immuno-histological detection of neuroendocrine differentiation in prostatic adenocarcinoma with respect to disease at presentation and Gleason grade is gaining acceptance. There is limited l...

    Authors: M Hammad Ather, Farhat Abbas, Nuzhat Faruqui, Mohammad Israr and Shahid Pervez
    Citation: BMC Urology 2008 8:21
  17. To investigate a possible prognostic significance of interactions between lymph node invasion (LNI), synchronous distant metastases (SDM), and venous invasion (VI) adjusted for mode of detection, Eastern Coope...

    Authors: Dragomir P Zubac, Leif Bostad, Tomas Seidal, Tore Wentzel-Larsen and Svein A Haukaas
    Citation: BMC Urology 2008 8:19
  18. Worldwide, the use of prostate specific antigen (PSA) testing as a screen for prostate cancer is contentious. Whilst there is no National UK Screening programme, many men undergo opportunistic screening. This ...

    Authors: Helena P Burden, Chris R Davis, Sophie Tate, Raj Persad, Chris H Holmes and Kate Whittington
    Citation: BMC Urology 2008 8:17
  19. Sex hormones have a pronounced effect on arginine vasopressin (AVP), and therefore on the diurnal water homeostasis. Low and high levels of plasma-estradiol as seen in the follicular phase of the menstrual cyc...

    Authors: Charlotte Graugaard-Jensen, Gitte M Hvistendahl, Jørgen Frøkiær, Peter Bie and Jens Christian Djurhuus
    Citation: BMC Urology 2008 8:16
  20. Renal cell carcinomas (RCC) are among the most common and most lethal genitourinary malignancies. GOLPH2 (golgi phosphoprotein 2, GOLM1) has recently been proposed as a biomarker for hepatocellular and prostat...

    Authors: Florian Rudolf Fritzsche, Mark-Oliver Riener, Manfred Dietel, Holger Moch, Klaus Jung and Glen Kristiansen
    Citation: BMC Urology 2008 8:15
  21. The aim of this study was to investigate the characteristics of prostate cancer patients who were diagnosed at repeat biopsy and compare them to non-cancerous patients or patients who were diagnosed at initial...

    Authors: Takeshi Yuasa, Norihiko Tsuchiya, Teruaki Kumazawa, Takamitsu Inoue, Shintaro Narita, Mitsuru Saito, Yohei Horikawa, Shigeru Satoh and Tomonori Habuchi
    Citation: BMC Urology 2008 8:14
  22. To compare radiographic measurement and pathological measurement of renal tumours to see if there was a significant difference between the two as this may have implications in the management.

    Authors: Rahul Mistry, Ramaswamy Manikandan, Penny Williams, Joe Philip, Peter Littler, Christopher S Foster and Keith F Parsons
    Citation: BMC Urology 2008 8:13
  23. Epigenetic silencing of RAS association family 1A (RASSF1A) tumor suppressor gene occurs in various histological subtypes of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) but RASSF1A protein expression in clear cell RCC as well ...

    Authors: Hossein Tezval, Axel S Merseburger, Ira Matuschek, Stefan Machtens, Markus A Kuczyk and Jürgen Serth
    Citation: BMC Urology 2008 8:12
  24. There is no consensus on the role of routine follow-up imaging during nonoperative management of blunt renal trauma. We reviewed our experience with nonoperative management of blunt renal injuries in order to ...

    Authors: John B Malcolm, Ithaar H Derweesh, Reza Mehrazin, Christopher J DiBlasio, David D Vance, Salil Joshi, Robert W Wake and Robert Gold
    Citation: BMC Urology 2008 8:11
  25. To validate an artificial neural network (ANN) based on the combination of PSA velocity (PSAV) with a %free PSA-based ANN to enhance the discrimination between prostate cancer (PCa) and benign prostate hyperpl...

    Authors: Carsten Stephan, Nicola Büker, Henning Cammann, Hellmuth-Alexander Meyer, Michael Lein and Klaus Jung
    Citation: BMC Urology 2008 8:10
  26. Despite intensive research over the last several decades on prostate cancer, many questions particularly those concerning early diagnosis and the choice of optimal treatment for each individual patient, still ...

    Authors: Martin Umbehr, Thomas M Kessler, Tullio Sulser, Glen Kristiansen, Nicole Probst, Johann Steurer and Lucas M Bachmann
    Citation: BMC Urology 2008 8:9
  27. The indications for nephron-sparing surgery are expanding constantly. One major contributing fact for this development is the improvement of haemostatic techniques following excision of the tumor. Nevertheless...

    Authors: Jörg Simon, Robert de Petriconi, Michael Meilinger, Richard E Hautmann and Georg Bartsch Jr
    Citation: BMC Urology 2008 8:8
  28. Steroid hormones influence mitogenic signaling pathways, apoptosis, and cell cycle checkpoints, and it has long been known that incidence of bladder cancer (BC) in men is several times greater than in women, a...

    Authors: Aimee M Johnson, Mary J O'Connell, Hiroshi Miyamoto, Jiaoti Huang, Jorge L Yao, Edward M Messing and Jay E Reeder
    Citation: BMC Urology 2008 8:7
  29. This study evaluated the cytotoxic and antiproliferative efficacy of two well-characterized members of the Cecropin-family of antimicrobial peptides against bladder tumor cells and benign fibroblasts.

    Authors: Henrik Suttmann, Margitta Retz, Friedrich Paulsen, Jürgen Harder, Ulrike Zwergel, Jörn Kamradt, Bernd Wullich, Gerhard Unteregger, Michael Stöckle and Jan Lehmann
    Citation: BMC Urology 2008 8:5
  30. This manuscript compares the efficacy and safety of duloxetine with placebo in Taiwanese women with SUI.

    Authors: Alex Tong-Long Lin, Mou-Jong Sun, Hui-Lung Tai, Yao Chi Chuang, Shih-Tsung Huang, Nick Wang, Yan Daniel Zhao, Julie Beyrer, Meghan Wulster-Radcliffe, Louise Levine, Curtis Chang and Lars Viktrup
    Citation: BMC Urology 2008 8:2
  31. Public databases are crucial for analysis of high-dimensional gene and protein expression data. The Urologic Epithelial Stem Cells (UESC) database

    Authors: Laura E Pascal, Eric W Deutsch, David S Campbell, Martin Korb, Lawrence D True and Alvin Y Liu
    Citation: BMC Urology 2007 7:19
  32. The use of herbal medicines (medicinal plants or phytotherapy) has recently gained popularity in Europe and the United States. Nevertheless the exact mechanism of the preventive effects of these products is st...

    Authors: Mohammed Touhami, Amine Laroubi, Khadija Elhabazi, Farouk Loubna, Ibtissam Zrara, Younes Eljahiri, Abdelkhalek Oussama, Félix Grases and Abderrahman Chait
    Citation: BMC Urology 2007 7:18
  33. We wished to determine if there were differences in pelvic and non-pelvic tenderness between men with chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) Type III and men without pelvic pain.

    Authors: Richard E Berger, Marcia A Ciol, Ivan Rothman and Judith A Turner
    Citation: BMC Urology 2007 7:17
  34. Acute urinary retention (AUR) is a common urological problem. We have observed a growing list of patients on indwelling bladder catheter awaiting surgery after AUR. This study was aimed at identifying the heal...

    Authors: Stephen O Ikuerowo, Aderinsola A Ogunade, Taiwo O Ogunlowo, Charles C Uzodimma and Julius O Esho
    Citation: BMC Urology 2007 7:16
  35. Use of phenacetin and other analgesic and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) potentially influences bladder cancer incidence, but epidemiologic evidence is limited.

    Authors: Joan Fortuny, Manolis Kogevinas, Michael S Zens, Alan Schned, Angeline S Andrew, John Heaney, Karl T Kelsey and Margaret R Karagas
    Citation: BMC Urology 2007 7:13

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