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  1. There's no consensus about the difference between renal pelvic and ureteral tumors in terms of clinical features, pathological outcomes, epigenetic biomarkers and prognosis.

    Authors: Dong Fang, Shiming He, Gengyan Xiong, Nirmish Singla, Zhenpeng Cao, Lei Zhang, Xuesong Li and Liqun Zhou
    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:22
  2. Renal fungal bezoars are remarkably rare and mostly occur in immunodeficient patients. Only a small number of cases with immunocompetent patients have been published so far. The published treatment approaches ...

    Authors: Johannes Stein, Stefan Latz, Jörg Ellinger, Guido Fechner, Maher Safi, Philipp Krausewitz, Simone Müller, Karin Weyer and Stefan C. Müller
    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:21
  3. To evaluate the prognostic significance of the novel index combining preoperative hemoglobin and albumin levels and lymphocyte and platelet counts (HALP) in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) patients.

    Authors: Ding Peng, Cui-jian Zhang, Qi Tang, Lei Zhang, Kai-wei Yang, Xiao-teng Yu, Yanqing Gong, Xue-song Li, Zhi-song He and Li-qun Zhou
    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:20
  4. We investigated the renoprotective ability of healthy people against kidney stone formation. To clarify intratubular crystal kinetics and processing in human kidneys, we performed a quantitative and morphologi...

    Authors: Atsushi Okada, Shuzo Hamamoto, Kazumi Taguchi, Rei Unno, Teruaki Sugino, Ryosuke Ando, Kentaro Mizuno, Keiichi Tozawa, Kenjiro Kohri and Takahiro Yasui
    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:19
  5. The non-invasive Cxbladder urine test system has demonstrated clinical utility in ruling out urothelial carcinoma (UC) in patients with asymptomatic microscopic hematuria (AMH), suggesting that the number of i...

    Authors: Tony Lough, Qingyang Luo, Carthika Luxmanan, Alastair Anderson, Jimmy Suttie, Paul O’Sullivan and David Darling
    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:18
  6. Bladder outlet obstruction is a common urological condition. We aimed to summarize available evidences about bladder outlet obstruction-induced molecular and morphological alterations occurring in human bladder.

    Authors: Ferdinando Fusco, Massimiliano Creta, Cosimo De Nunzio, Valerio Iacovelli, Francesco Mangiapia, Vincenzo Li Marzi and Enrico Finazzi Agrò
    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:15
  7. Due to the lack of strong evidence to identify the relationship between antihypertensive drugs use and the risk of prostate cancer, it was needed to do a systematic review to go into the subject.

    Authors: Liang Cao, Sha Zhang, Cheng-ming Jia, Wei He, Lei-tao Wu, Ying-qi Li, Wen Wang, Zhe Li and Jing Ma
    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:17
  8. Mannitol has been employed to ameliorate renal warm ischemia damage during partial nephrectomy, however, there is limited scientific evidence to support the use of mannitol during partial nephrectomy. The obje...

    Authors: José A. Damasceno-Ferreira, Leonardo A. S. Abreu, Gustavo R. Bechara, Waldemar S. Costa, Marco A. Pereira-Sampaio, Francisco J. B. Sampaio and Diogo B. De Souza
    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:16
  9. Positive surgical margin (PSM) is a predictor of biochemical recurrence (BCR) following radical prostatectomy (RP). Attempts to stratify PSM based on linear length, Gleason score, location and number have fail...

    Authors: Mohammed Shahait, Samer Nassif, Hani Tamim, Deborah Mukherji, Maya Hijazi, Marwan El Sabban, Raja Khauli, Muhammad Bulbul, Wassim Abou Kheir and Albert El Hajj
    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:13
  10. To preliminary investigate the effects of silodosin 8 mg once daily on obstruction urodynamic parameters and subjective symptoms in Caucasian patients with lower urinary tract symptoms suggestive of benign pro...

    Authors: Ferdinando Fusco, Massimiliano Creta, Nicola Longo, Francesco Persico, Marco Franco and Vincenzo Mirone
    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:12
  11. Metastatic renal cancers are relatively common. Most are metastases to the renal parenchyma via a hematogenous route and are derived from lung, breast, and gastrointestinal cancer, malignant melanoma, and hema...

    Authors: Yasuyuki Kobayashi, Hiroki Arai, Masahito Honda, Takashi Matsumoto and Kyotaro Yoshida
    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:11
  12. As a potential new treatment for overactive bladder (OAB), we investigated the feasibility of non-invasively activating multiple nerve targets in the lower leg.

    Authors: Eshani Sharan, Kelly Hunter, Magdy Hassouna and Paul B. Yoo
    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:10
  13. To identify the value of unilateral pedal lymphangiography (LPG) plus computed tomography angiography (CTA) in accurate depiction of persistent idiopathic chyluria undetectable by ordinary contrast CT.

    Authors: Dingyi Liu, Boke Liu, Weimu Xia, Qi Tang, Haidong Wang, Jian Wang, Yanfeng Zhou, Jiashun Yu, Wenmin Li, Mingwei Wang, Wenlong Zhou, Sang Hu and Yuan Shao
    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:9
  14. Scrotal hemorrhage after testicular sperm aspiration (TESA) is uncommon in clinical operation. Phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors (PDE5i) are commonly given to men who have difficulty providing a sperm sample for ...

    Authors: Yong-tong Zhu, Rui Hua, Song Quan, Wan-long Tan, Qing-jun Chu and Chun-yan Wang
    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:8
  15. This study aimed investigate the effect of the level of invasion into fibromuscular band (FMB) of prostate on the positive surgical margin (PSM) and biochemical recurrence (BCR) after radical prostatectomy (RP...

    Authors: Aram Kim, Myong Kim, Se Un Jeong, Cheryn Song, Yong Mee Cho, Jae Yoon Ro and Hanjong Ahn
    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:7
  16. To investigate the efficacy of tamsulosin in patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and benign prostatic enlargement (BPE) with intravesical prostatic protrusion (IPP). Ultrasound measurement of the...

    Authors: L. Topazio, C. Perugia, C. De Nunzio, G. Gaziev, V. Iacovelli, D. Bianchi, G. Vespasiani and E. Finazzi Agrò
    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:6
  17. Although numerous studies have shown that perineural invasion (PNI) is linked to prostate cancer (PCa) risk, the results have been inconsistent. This study aimed to explore the association between PNI and bioc...

    Authors: Li-jin Zhang, Bin Wu, Zhen-lei Zha, Wei Qu, Hu Zhao, Jun Yuan and Ye-jun Feng
    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:5
  18. Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers in the elderly population. The standard treatment is radical prostatectomy (RARP). However, urologists do not have consents on the postoperative urine drainage...

    Authors: Zhongyu Jian, Shijian Feng, Yuntian Chen, Xin Wei, Deyi Luo, Hong Li and Kunjie Wang
    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:1
  19. This study investigated changes in the expression of cannabinoid (CB) receptors and the effects of CB1 and CB2 agonists on detrusor overactivity (DO) associated with bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) in rats.

    Authors: Sung Dae Kim, Kang Jun Cho and Joon Chul Kim
    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:121
  20. Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) is a new and useful technique for angiographic procedures. Prostatic artery embolization (PAE) has emerged as a promising treatment modality for lower urinary tract symptom...

    Authors: Chia-Bang Chen, Chen-Te Chou and Yao-Li Chen
    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:120
  21. To evaluate the effects of combined bladder neck preservation and posterior reconstruction techniques on early and long term urinary continence in patients treated by robotic assisted radical prostatectomy (RA...

    Authors: Riccardo Bartoletti, Andrea Mogorovich, Francesco Francesca, Giorgio Pomara and Cesare Selli
    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:119
  22. Information on the safety of transurethral resection of bladder tumors (TURBT) in patients receiving anti-thromboembolic drugs is currently lacking. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical safety of TURBT in...

    Authors: Tsuzumi Konishi, Satoshi Washino, Yuhki Nakamura, Masashi Ohshima, Kimitoshi Saito, Yoshiaki Arai and Tomoaki Miyagawa
    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:118
  23. This study compared the detection rates for clinically significant prostate cancer (CSPC) between magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasonography (MRI/US)-fusion-targeted biopsy (TB), systematic biopsy (SB) and...

    Authors: Yuji Hakozaki, Hisashi Matsushima, Jimpei Kumagai, Taro Murata, Tomoko Masuda, Yoko Hirai, Mai Oda, Nobuo Kawauchi, Munehiro Yokoyama and Yukio Homma
    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:117
  24. Prostate cancer (PCa) and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) are diseases of elderly men and are related to increased oxidative stress (OS). Although prolidase has a role in collagen metabolism, it is also use...

    Authors: Faruk Kucukdurmaz, Erkan Efe, Ahmet Çelik, Hasan Dagli, Metin Kılınc and Sefa Resim
    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:116
  25. Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is the third most common urological cancer in adults. Our aim is to evaluate genes and miRNAs expression profiles involved with angiogenesis and tumor characteristics in...

    Authors: Rita de Cássia Oliveira, Renato Fidelis Ivanovic, Katia Ramos Moreira Leite, Nayara Izabel Viana, Ruan César Aparecido Pimenta, José Pontes Junior, Vanessa Ribeiro Guimarães, Denis Reis Morais, Daniel Kanda Abe, Adriano João Nesrallah, Miguel Srougi, William Nahas and Sabrina Thalita Reis
    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:113
  26. Congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT), such as renal dysplasia, hydronephrosis, or vesicoureteral reflux, are the most common causes of end-stage renal disease. However, the genetic etio...

    Authors: Kentaro Mizuno, Akihiro Nakane, Hidenori Nishio, Yoshinobu Moritoki, Hideyuki Kamisawa, Satoshi Kurokawa, Taiki Kato, Ryosuke Ando, Tetsuji Maruyama, Takahiro Yasui and Yutaro Hayashi
    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:112
  27. Recently, the Expanded Prostate Cancer Index Composite 26-item version (EPIC-26) was recommended for the assessment of adverse effects after the treatment of prostate cancer without clear reasons. This decisio...

    Authors: Karol Axcrona, Rasmus Nilsson, Bjørn Brennhovd, Øystein Sørebø, Sophie D. Fosså and Alv A. Dahl
    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:111
  28. The purposes of this study were to determine whether adjuvant chemotherapy (AC) improved the prognosis of patients with high-risk upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC)and to identify the patients who...

    Authors: Kazutoshi Fujita, Kei Taneishi, Teruo Inamoto, Yu Ishizuya, Shingo Takada, Masao Tsujihata, Go Tanigawa, Noriko Minato, Shigeaki Nakazawa, Tsuyoshi Takada, Toshichika Iwanishi, Motohide Uemura, Yasushi Okuno, Haruhito Azuma and Nonomura Norio
    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:110
  29. Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms have a substantial effect on quality of life (QoL). We report QoL and mental health results from a LUTS prevalence study in three Asian...

    Authors: Kyu-Sung Lee, Tag Keun Yoo, Limin Liao, Jianye Wang, Yao-Chi Chuang, Shih-Ping Liu, Romeo Chu and Budiwan Sumarsono
    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:108
  30. In recent years, the delayed side effects associated with radiotherapy for prostate cancer have drawn the interest of urologists. Although urosymphyseal fistula is one of these delayed side effects, this serio...

    Authors: Shimpei Yamashita, Yasuo Kohjimoto, Akinori Iba, Kazuro Kikkawa and Isao Hara
    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:107
  31. Robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) is commonly performed using the transperitoneal (TP) approach with six trocars over an 8-cm distance in the steep Trendelenburg position. In this study, we investiga...

    Authors: Satoshi Kurokawa, Yukihiro Umemoto, Kentaro Mizuno, Atsushi Okada, Akihiro Nakane, Hidenori Nishio, Shuzo Hamamoto, Ryosuke Ando, Noriyasu Kawai, Keiichi Tozawa, Yutaro Hayashi and Takahiro Yasui
    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:106
  32. To establish and internally validate an innovative R.I.R.S. scoring system that allows urologists to preoperatively estimate the stone-free rate (SFR) after retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS).

    Authors: Yinglong Xiao, Deng Li, Lei Chen, Yaoting Xu, Dingguo Zhang, Yi Shao and Jun Lu
    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:105
  33. Computed Tomography (CT) is considered the gold-standard for the pre-operative evaluation of urolithiasis. However, no Hounsfield (HU) variable capable of differentiating stone types has been clearly identifie...

    Authors: Andrea Gallioli, Elisa De Lorenzis, Luca Boeri, Maurizio Delor, Stefano Paolo Zanetti, Fabrizio Longo, Alberto Trinchieri and Emanuele Montanari
    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:104
  34. It remains controversial as to whether active stone removal should be performed in patients with poor performance status because of their short life expectancy and perioperative risks. Our objectives were to e...

    Authors: Shimpei Yamashita, Yasuo Kohjimoto, Yasuo Hirabayashi, Takashi Iguchi, Akinori Iba, Masatoshi Higuchi, Hiroyuki Koike, Takahito Wakamiya, Satoshi Nishizawa and Isao Hara
    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:103
  35. After publication of this work [1] it was noticed the author – Jie Wang’s name was in the wrong order.

    Authors: Hai-bin Wei, Xiao-long Qi, Feng Liu, Jie Wang, Xiao-feng Ni, Qi Zhang, En-hui Li, Xuan-yu Chen and Da-hong Zhang
    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:100

    The original article was published in BMC Urology 2017 17:96

  36. In prostate cancer, men diagnosed with low risk disease may be monitored through an active surveillance. This research explored the perspectives of men with prostate cancer regarding their decision-making proc...

    Authors: Margaret Fitch, Kittie Pang, Veronique Ouellet, Carmen Loiselle, Shabbir Alibhai, Simone Chevalier, Darrel E. Drachenberg, Antonio Finelli, Jean-Baptiste Lattouf, Simon Sutcliffe, Alan So, Simon Tanguay, Fred Saad and Anne-Marie Mes-Masson
    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:98
  37. Reconstruction of ureteral defects and strictures remains problematic for urologists. We aimed to investigate the possibility of a tapered non-vascularized bladder graft as a novel substitute for ureteral reco...

    Authors: Lujia Zou, Shanhua Mao, Shenghua Liu, Limin Zhang, Tian Yang, Yun Hu, Qiang Ding and Haowen Jiang
    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:97
  38. Renal artery aneurysm (RAA) is rare and its incidence in the general population remains elusive. There have been few reports on the repair of multiple aneurysms conducted with the Da Vinci robot-assisted surgi...

    Authors: Hai-bin Wei, Xiao-long Qi, Feng Liu, Jie Wang, Xiao-feng Ni, Qi Zhang, En-hui Li, Xuan-yu Chen and Da-hong Zhang
    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:96

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Urology 2017 17:100

  39. The majority of spinal cord injury (SCI) patients have urinary issues, such as incontinence, retention, and frequency. These problems place a significant burden on patients’ physical health and quality of life...

    Authors: Darshan P. Patel, Sara M. Lenherr, John T. Stoffel, Sean P. Elliott, Blayne Welk, Angela P. Presson, Amitabh Jha, Jeffrey Rosenbluth and Jeremy B. Myers
    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:95
  40. Traumatic amputation of the penis is a rare surgical emergency. Although repair techniques have been well described in literature, failure of replantation and its causes are poorly understood and reported. Her...

    Authors: Tushar Patial, Girish Sharma and Pamposh Raina
    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:93

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