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  1. Content type: Research article

    As the voiding habits of Iranian children differs from other children because of some cultural and religious considerations, we aimed to establish normal reference values of urinary flow rates in Iranian child...

    Authors: Abdol-Mohammad Kajbafzadeh, Cyrus Ahmadi Yazdi, Omid Rouhi, Parvin Tajik and Parvin Mohseni

    Citation: BMC Urology 2005 5:3

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Prostate cancer follow up forms a substantial part of the urology outpatient workload. Nurse led prostate cancer follow up clinics are becoming more common. Routine follow-up may involve performing DRE, which ...

    Authors: Narasimhan Ragavan, Vijay K Sangar, Sujoy Gupta, Jennifer Herdman, Shyam S Matanhelia, Michael E Watson and Rosemary A Blades

    Citation: BMC Urology 2005 5:1

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Micro computed tomography (micro CT) has been shown to provide exceptionally high quality imaging of the fine structural detail within urinary calculi. We tested the idea that micro CT might also be used to id...

    Authors: Chad A Zarse, James A McAteer, Andre J Sommer, Samuel C Kim, Erin K Hatt, James E Lingeman, Andrew P Evan and James C Williams Jr

    Citation: BMC Urology 2004 4:15

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  4. Content type: Research article

    The biological potential of prostate cancer is extremely variable. Particular interest is focused on markers not expressed in normal prostatic tissues. pS2 protein expression has been demonstrated in a range o...

    Authors: M Hammad Ather, Farhat Abbas, Nuzhat Faruqui, M Israr and Shahid Pervez

    Citation: BMC Urology 2004 4:14

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  5. Content type: Case report

    Between 2% and 5% of malignant germ-cell tumors in men arise at extragonadal sites. Of extragonadal germ cell tumors, testicular carcinoma in situ (CIS) are present in 31–42% of cases, and CIS are reported to ...

    Authors: Isao Kuroda, Munehisa Ueno, Tomoko Mitsuhashi, Ken Nakagawa, Hitoshi Yanaihara, Takuji Tsukamoto and Nobuhiro Deguchi

    Citation: BMC Urology 2004 4:13

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Vasectomy techniques have been the subject of relatively few rigorous studies. The objective of this analysis was to compare the effectiveness of two techniques for vas occlusion: intraluminal cautery versus l...

    Authors: David Sokal, Belinda Irsula, Mario Chen-Mok, Michel Labrecque and Mark A Barone

    Citation: BMC Urology 2004 4:12

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Collecting duct carcinoma (CDC) is a rare but very aggressive variant of kidney carcinoma that arises from the epithelium of Bellini's ducts, in the distal portion of the nephron. In order to gain an insight i...

    Authors: Andrea Vecchione, Tommaso Prayer Galetti, Marina Gardiman, Hideshi Ishii, Enrico Giarnieri, Francesco Pagano, Leonard G Gomella, Carlo M Croce and Raffaele Baffa

    Citation: BMC Urology 2004 4:11

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Little evidence supports the use of any one vas occlusion method. Data from a number of studies now suggest that there are differences in effectiveness among different occlusion methods. The main objectives of...

    Authors: Mark A Barone, Belinda Irsula, Mario Chen-Mok and David C Sokal

    Citation: BMC Urology 2004 4:10

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most common cancer in adult kidney. The accuracy of current diagnosis and prognosis of the disease and the effectiveness of the treatment for the disease are limited by the po...

    Authors: Louis S Liou, Ting Shi, Zhong-Hui Duan, Provash Sadhukhan, Sandy D Der, Andrew A Novick, John Hissong, Marek Skacel, Alexandru Almasan and Joseph A DiDonato

    Citation: BMC Urology 2004 4:9

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  10. Content type: Case report

    Buried penis, most commonly seen in children, is particularly debilitating in adults, resulting in inability to void while standing and it also affects vaginal penetration. We report a case of buried penis due...

    Authors: Hiroshi Masuda, Haruhito Azuma, Naoki Segawa, Yusaku Iwamoto, Teruo Inamoto, Noboru Takasaki and Yoji Katsuoka

    Citation: BMC Urology 2004 4:6

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Many studies have evaluated the accuracy of dipstick tests as rapid detectors of bacteriuria and urinary tract infections (UTI). The lack of an adequate explanation for the heterogeneity of the dipstick accura...

    Authors: Walter LJM Devillé, Joris C Yzermans, Nico P van Duijn, P Dick Bezemer, Daniëlle AWM van der Windt and Lex M Bouter

    Citation: BMC Urology 2004 4:4

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Interstitial cystitis (IC) is a chronic bladder disorder of unknown etiology. Antiproliferative factor (APF), a peptide found in the urine of IC patients, has previously been shown to decrease incorporation of...

    Authors: Hani H Rashid, Jay E Reeder, Mary J O'Connell, Chen-Ou Zhang, Edward M Messing and Susan K Keay

    Citation: BMC Urology 2004 4:3

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  13. Content type: Case report

    In the past decades, the widespread use of cross-trigonal ureteral reimplants for the treatment of children with vesicoureteral reflux has resulted in a large population of patients with transversely lying ure...

    Authors: Sonal Chaudhary, Miranda Lee, Henry O Andrews and Noor NP Buchholz

    Citation: BMC Urology 2004 4:2

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  14. Content type: Case report

    Whereas testicular metastases are in themselves a rare entity, testicular secondaries from an appendiceal carcinoma have not yet been described. The case also illustrates the diagnostic dilemma of a tumour pre...

    Authors: Shashank Kulkarni, Andrew Coup, John B Kershaw and Noor PN Buchholz

    Citation: BMC Urology 2004 4:1

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  15. Content type: Case report

    Cases of giant hydronephroses are rare and usually contain no more than 1–2 litres of fluid in the collecting system. We report a remarkable case of giant hydronephrosis mimicking a progressive malignant abdom...

    Authors: Andres Jan Schrader, Georgia Anderer, Rolf von Knobloch, Axel Heidenreich and Rainer Hofmann

    Citation: BMC Urology 2003 3:4

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  16. Content type: Case report

    Increased spasms in spinal cord injury (SCI) patients, whose spasticity was previously well controlled with intrathecal baclofen therapy, are due to (in order of frequency) drug tolerance, increased stimulus, ...

    Authors: Subramanian Vaidyanathan, Bakul M Soni, Tun Oo, Peter L Hughes, Gurpreet Singh, John WH Watt and Pradipkumar Sett

    Citation: BMC Urology 2003 3:3

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  17. Content type: Case report

    Percutaneous nephrolithotomy is a well known therapeutic modality for stone diseases of childhood. Antegrade and retrograde endopyelotomies are also well defined options of treatment for secondary ureteropelvi...

    Authors: Murat Ugras, Ali Gunes, Ugur Yilmaz and Can Baydinc

    Citation: BMC Urology 2002 2:11

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  18. Content type: Case report

    We present a case to illustrate controversies in percutaneous drainage of infected, perinephric haematoma in a tetraplegic patient, who had implantation of baclofen pump in anterior abdominal wall on the same ...

    Authors: Subramanian Vaidyanathan, Bakul M Soni, Peter L Hughes, Gurpreet Singh, John WH Watt, Tun Oo and Pradipkumar Sett

    Citation: BMC Urology 2002 2:9

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  19. Content type: Case report

    Typical symptoms and signs of a clinical condition may be absent in spinal cord injury (SCI) patients.

    Authors: Subramanian Vaidyanathan, Paul Mansour, Munehisa Ueno, Kazuto Yamazaki, Meenu Wadhwa, Bakul M Soni, Gurpreet Singh, Peter L Hughes, Ian D Watson and Pradipkumar Sett

    Citation: BMC Urology 2002 2:8

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Normal urothelium is characterised by terminally differentiated superficial cells, which express cytokeratin 20 in the cytoplasm. In contrast, cultured human stratified urothelium, which does not undergo compl...

    Authors: Subramanian Vaidyanathan, Ian W McDicken, Anna J Ikin, Paul Mansour, Bakul M Soni, Gurpreet Singh and Pradipkumar Sett

    Citation: BMC Urology 2002 2:7

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  21. Content type: Hypothesis

    In spinal cord injury (SCI) patients, no correlation was found between the number of bladder infections per year, the period since injury, the neurologic level of the spinal cord lesion and the histopathology ...

    Authors: Subramanian Vaidyanathan, Paul Mansour, Bakul M Soni, Gurpreet Singh and Pradipkumar Sett

    Citation: BMC Urology 2002 2:5

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Sildenafil (Viagra®) is one of the drugs used in the first line therapy of male erectile dysfunction (MED). We have recorded outcomes, adverse events and acceptability of Sildenafil (Viagra) therapy in an unselec...

    Authors: Krishnamurthy Sairam, Elena Kulinskaya, Damian Hanbury, Gregory Boustead and Thomas McNicholas

    Citation: BMC Urology 2002 2:4

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  23. Content type: Case report

    A delay in diagnosis or a misdiagnosis may occur in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) or spinal bifida as typical symptoms of a clinical condition may be absent because of their neurological impairment.

    Authors: Subramanian Vaidyanathan, Peter L Hughes, Bhakul M Soni, Gurpreet Singh, Paul Mansour and Pradipkumar Sett

    Citation: BMC Urology 2001 1:3

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  24. Content type: Study protocol

    To present a protocol of a prospective, cohort study in which four groups of spinal cord injury (SCI) patients will participate. (Patients with indwelling urethral catheter; patients who perform intermittent c...

    Authors: Subramanian Vaidyanathan, Bhakul M Soni, Singh Gurpreet, Paul Mansour, Peter L Hughes, Tun Oo, Pradipkumar Sett, Keith F Parsons and John C Davies

    Citation: BMC Urology 2001 1:2

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