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  1. The optimal timing of catheter removal following laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP) has not yet been determined. This prospective study was designed to compare the efficacy and safety of catheter removal...

    Authors: Masashi Matsushima, Akira Miyajima, Seiya Hattori, Toshikazu Takeda, Ryuichi Mizuno, Eiji Kikuchi and Mototsugu Oya
    Citation: BMC Urology 2015 15:77
  2. An imaging tool providing reliable prostate cancer (PCa) detection and localization is necessary to improve common diagnostic pathway with ultrasound targeted biopsies. To determine the performance of transrec...

    Authors: Moritz Franz Hamann, C. Hamann, A. Trettel, K P Jünemann and C M Naumann
    Citation: BMC Urology 2015 15:76
  3. Autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) is hemolytic anemia characterized by autoantibodies directed against red blood cells. AIHA can be induced by hematological neoplasms such as malignant lymphoma, but is rarely...

    Authors: Shuji Isotani, Akira Horiuchi, Masayuki Koja, Takahiro Noguchi, Shouichiro Sugiura, Hirofumi Shimoyama, Yasuhiro Noma, Kousuke Kitamura, Toshiyuki China, Shino Tokiwa, Keisuke Saito, Masaki Kimura, Shin-ichi Hisasue, Hisamitsu Ide, Satoru Muto, Raizo Yamaguchi…
    Citation: BMC Urology 2015 15:75
  4. Nutcracker syndrome is an entity resulting from left renal vein compression by the aorta and the superior mesenteric artery, which leads to symptoms of hematuria or left flank pain. The alternative option of e...

    Authors: Lu Tian, Shanwen Chen, Gaoyue Zhang, Hongkun Zhang, Wei Jin and Ming Li
    Citation: BMC Urology 2015 15:73
  5. Shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) is a noninvasive, safe, and efficient treatment option for ureteral stones. Depending on stone location and size, the overall stone-free rate (SFR) varies significantly. Failure of...

    Authors: Gautier Müllhaupt, Daniel S. Engeler, Hans-Peter Schmid and Dominik Abt
    Citation: BMC Urology 2015 15:72
  6. Urologists use biopsy Gleason scores for patient counseling, prognosis prediction, and decision making. The accuracy of Gleason grading is very important. However, the variability of Gleason grading between ge...

    Authors: Yasushi Nakai, Nobumichi Tanaka, Keiji Shimada, Noboru Konishi, Makito Miyake, Satoshi Anai and Kiyohide Fujimoto
    Citation: BMC Urology 2015 15:70
  7. Primary melanoma of the prostate has an extremely rare incidence. Only five cases have been reported in the literature and prognosis is poor. The most likely origin of prostatic melanoma is the transitional ep...

    Authors: Georgi Tosev, Timur H. Kuru, Johannes Huber, Gerald Freier, Frank Bergmann, Jessica C. Hassel, Sascha A. Pahernik, Markus Hohenfellner and Boris A. Hadaschik
    Citation: BMC Urology 2015 15:68
  8. A new serum marker of inflammation copeptin (CPP) a stable C-terminal pro-vasopressin was assessed along with conventional markers such as C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin (PCT) and IL-6 to discriminate...

    Authors: Anna Masajtis-Zagajewska, Ilona Kurnatowska, Malgorzata Wajdlich and Michal Nowicki
    Citation: BMC Urology 2015 15:67
  9. Radiotherapy is one of the treatment options for prostate cancer (PCa) but up to 25 % of men report about severe nocturia (nocturnal voiding). The combination of hyaluronic acid (HA) and chondroitin sulfate (C...

    Authors: Mauro Gacci, Omar Saleh, Claudia Giannessi, Beatrice Detti, Lorenzo Livi, Eleonora Monteleone Pasquetti, Tatiana Masoni, Enrico Finazzi Agro, Vincenzo Li Marzi, Andrea Minervini, Marco Carini, Stavros Gravas, Matthias Oelke and Sergio Serni
    Citation: BMC Urology 2015 15:65
  10. The study on SIMS and SMUS as a whole by Alyaa Mostafa et al showed that after excluding the TVT-S sling, there is no significant difference in patient-reported cure rate and objective cure rate between these ...

    Authors: Peng Zhang, Bohan Fan, Peng Zhang, Hu Han, Yue Xu, Biao Wang and Xiaodong Zhang
    Citation: BMC Urology 2015 15:64
  11. We performed a pilot study using a single virtual-simulation suturing module as an objective measurement to determine functional use of the robotic system. This study will assist in designing a study for an ob...

    Authors: Michael A. Liss, Christopher J. Kane, Tony Chen, Joel Baumgartner and Ithaar H. Derweesh
    Citation: BMC Urology 2015 15:63
  12. Vesicourethral anastomotic stricture (VAS) is a rare but serious complication following radical prostatectomy (RP), and various types of managements for VAS have been proposed. We investigated the efficacy of ...

    Authors: Gen Ishii, Takehito Naruoka, Kanako Kasai, Kenichi Hata, Hiroshi Omono, Masayasu Suzuki, Takahiro Kimura and Shin Egawa
    Citation: BMC Urology 2015 15:62
  13. Little is known about the healthcare process for patients with prostate cancer, mainly because hospital-based data are not routinely published. The main objective of this study was to determine the clinical ch...

    Authors: Xavier Bonfill, María José Martinez-Zapata, Robin WM Vernooij, María José Sánchez, María Morales Suárez-Varela, Javier de la Cruz, José Ignacio Emparanza, Montserrat Ferrer, José Ignacio Pijoán, Juan M. Ramos-Goñi, Joan Palou, Stefanie Schmidt, Víctor Abraira and Javier Zamora
    Citation: BMC Urology 2015 15:60
  14. We sought to examine differences in response rates to quality of life (QoL) surveys in patients treated surgically for renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and prostate cancer (PCa) and to analyze factors associated wit...

    Authors: David D. Thiel, Andrew J. Davidiuk, Gregory A. Broderick, Michelle Arnold, Nancy Diehl, Andrea Tavlarides, Kaitlynn Custer and Alexander S. Parker
    Citation: BMC Urology 2015 15:58
  15. Little is known about the biological behavior of Xp11.2 translocation renal cell carcinomas (RCCs) as few clinical studies have been performed using a large sample size.

    Authors: Linfeng Xu, Rong Yang, Weidong Gan, Xiancheng Chen, Xuefeng Qiu, Kai Fu, Jin Huang, Guancheng Zhu and Hongqian Guo
    Citation: BMC Urology 2015 15:57
  16. This study was carried out a network meta-analysis of evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to evaluate stent-related discomfort in patients with alfuzosin or tamsulosin versus placebo.

    Authors: Jong Kyou Kwon, Kang Su Cho, Cheol Kyu Oh, Dong Hyuk Kang, Hyungmin Lee, Won Sik Ham, Young Deuk Choi and Joo Yong Lee
    Citation: BMC Urology 2015 15:55
  17. To investigate associations between dual-specificity tyrosine phosphorylation-regulated kinase 2 (DYRK2) expression and survival in T1 high-grade or T2 bladder cancer patients treated with neoadjuvant chemothe...

    Authors: Shunichiro Nomura, Yasutomo Suzuki, Ryo Takahashi, Mika Terasaki, Ryoji Kimata, Yasuhiro Terasaki, Tsutomu Hamasaki, Go Kimura, Akira Shimizu and Yukihiro Kondo
    Citation: BMC Urology 2015 15:53
  18. Active surveillance is considered a mainstream strategy in the management of patients with low-risk prostate cancer. A mission-critical step in implementing a robust active surveillance program and plan its re...

    Authors: Yiannis Philippou, Hary Raja and Vincent J. Gnanapragasam
    Citation: BMC Urology 2015 15:52
  19. Urinary Incontinence (UI) is a common problem in women. The management of UI in primary care is time consuming and suboptimal. Shift of incontinence-care from General Practitioners (GP’s) to a nurse practition...

    Authors: Doreth T.A.M Teunissen, Marjolein M. Stegeman, Hans H. Bor and Toine A.L.M Lagro-Janssen
    Citation: BMC Urology 2015 15:51
  20. While botulinum toxin A (BoNT-A) has become a more commonly used second-line treatment for patients with detrusor overactivity, it remains unknown whether the impacts of this therapy may persist to influence o...

    Authors: Xin Su, Angela Nickles and Dwight E. Nelson
    Citation: BMC Urology 2015 15:50
  21. The aim of this study was to determine the learning curve for thulium laser enucleation of the prostate (ThuLEP) for two surgeons with different levels of urological endoscopic experience.

    Authors: Giovanni Saredi, Giacomo Maria Pirola, Andrea Pacchetti, Jon Alexander Lovisolo, Giacomo Borroni, Federico Sembenini and Alberto Mario Marconi
    Citation: BMC Urology 2015 15:49
  22. The ability of 5α-reductase inhibitors (5ARIs) to decrease blood loss during transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) remains controversial. We aimed to conduct a m...

    Authors: Yi-Ping Zhu, Bo Dai, Hai-Liang Zhang, Guo-hai Shi and Ding-Wei Ye
    Citation: BMC Urology 2015 15:47
  23. To investigate the efficacy of initial biopsy or transurethral resection of bladder tumor for detecting histological variants on radical cystectomy and to assess the prognostic significance of variant histolog...

    Authors: Peng Ge, Zi-Cheng Wang, Xi Yu, Jian Lin and Qun He
    Citation: BMC Urology 2015 15:46
  24. Urothelial carcinoma (UC) is a common cancer affecting many patients in the United States. Nephroureterectomy remains the gold standard for the treatment of high grade upper tract disease or low grade tumors t...

    Authors: Michael A. Moriarty, Matthew A. Uhlman, Megan T. Bing, Michael A. O’Donnell, James A. Brown, Chad R. Tracy, Sundeep Deorah, Kenneth G. Nepple and Amit Gupta
    Citation: BMC Urology 2015 15:45
  25. Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is aggressive, but rare tumours that have not been sufficiently studied. The aim of our study was to present the demographic and clinical characteristics of patients with ACC, to...

    Authors: Zlatibor Loncar, Vladimir Djukic, Vladan Zivaljevic, Tatjana Pekmezovic, Aleksandar Diklic, Svetislav Tatic, Dusko Dundjerovic, Branislav Olujic, Nikola Slijepcevic and Ivan Paunovic
    Citation: BMC Urology 2015 15:43
  26. Site-dependent and interindividual histological differences in Denonvilliers’ fascia (DF) are not well understood. This study aimed to examine site-dependent and interindividual differences in DF and to determ...

    Authors: Kuniyasu Muraoka, Nobuyuki Hinata, Shuichi Morizane, Masashi Honda, Takehiro Sejima, Gen Murakami, Ashutosh K Tewari and Atsushi Takenaka
    Citation: BMC Urology 2015 15:42
  27. Storage symptoms, associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), often co-exist with voiding symptoms in men with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). Storage symptoms are likely to be most bothersome, an...

    Authors: Jameel Nazir, Lars Heemstra, Anke van Engen, Zalmai Hakimi and Cristina Ivanescu
    Citation: BMC Urology 2015 15:41
  28. Prostate vaporization and enucleation is a novel treatment option for bladder outlet obstruction caused by benign prostate enlargement. This surgical technique, however, has not yet been standardized. We prese...

    Authors: Ching-Hsin Chang, Tzu-Ping Lin, Yen-Hwa Chang, William JS Huang, Alex TL Lin and Kuang-Kuo Chen
    Citation: BMC Urology 2015 15:40
  29. Genital warts caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) infection are the most common sexually transmitted disease leading to anogential lesions. Although the laser therapy has been shown to be effective in a numbe...

    Authors: Mário Maciel de Lima Jr, Mário Maciel de Lima and Fabiana Granja
    Citation: BMC Urology 2015 15:39
  30. Radiotherapy and cyclophosphamide-induced haemorrhagic cystitis are rare but severe complications occurring in 3–6% of patients. Hyperbaric oxygen treatment (HBOT) has been demonstrated to be an effective trea...

    Authors: Stephan Degener, Alexander Pohle, Hartmut Strelow, Michael J Mathers, Jürgen Zumbé, Stephan Roth and Alexander S Brandt
    Citation: BMC Urology 2015 15:38
  31. We designed this experiment to elucidate the relationship between the expression of brain derived-neurotrophic factor (BDNF), the expression of granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF), and the developmen...

    Authors: Seung Mo Yuk, Ju Hyun Shin, Ki Hak Song, Yong Gil Na, Jae Sung Lim and Chong Koo Sul
    Citation: BMC Urology 2015 15:37
  32. Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a prevalent entity in elderly men. If medical treatment fails, monopolar transurethral resection of the prostate (TUR-P) is still considered as the standard treatment. The...

    Authors: Livio Mordasini, Dominik Abt, Gautier Müllhaupt, Daniel S Engeler, Andreas Lüthi, Hans-Peter Schmid and Christoph Schwab
    Citation: BMC Urology 2015 15:35
  33. Protein Kinase C (PKC) dysfunction is implicated in a variety of smooth muscle disorders including detrusor overactivity associated with frequency and urgency of micturition. In this study, we aimed to evaluat...

    Authors: Joseph A Hypolite, Shaohua Chang, Alan J Wein, Samuel Chacko and Anna P Malykhina
    Citation: BMC Urology 2015 15:34
  34. Currently, large prostate size (>80 mL) of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) still pose technical challenges for surgical treatment. This prospective study was designed to explore the safety and efficacy of p...

    Authors: Mao Qiang Wang, Li Ping Guo, Guo Dong Zhang, Kai Yuan, Kai Li, Feng Duan, Jie Yu Yan, Yan Wang, Hai Yan Kang and Zhi Jun Wang
    Citation: BMC Urology 2015 15:33
  35. Clinical benefit of axitinib as a first line agent to treat patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC), or locally advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC) have not been clearly demonstrated. The aim of t...

    Authors: Takuya Koie, Chikara Ohyama, Takahiro Yoneyama, Hayato Yamamoto, Atsushi Imai, Shingo Hatakeyama, Yasuhiro Hashimoto, Tohru Yoneyama, Yuki Tobisawa and Kazuyuki Mori
    Citation: BMC Urology 2015 15:32
  36. This multicenter, randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, placebo-controlled trial primarily evaluated the efficacy of tadalafil once-daily (OaD) or on-demand (“pro-re-nata”; PRN) treatment, started early post...

    Authors: Hitendra R Patel, Dapo Ilo, Nimish Shah, Béatrice Cuzin, David Chadwick, Robert Andrianne, Carsten Henneges, Jane Barry, Katja Hell-Momeni, Julia Branicka and Hartwig Büttner
    Citation: BMC Urology 2015 15:31
  37. Most studies focusing on progression of BPH have been limited to the relationship between age and BPH progression, and only few studies have focused on the time duration to start treatment. This study aimed to...

    Authors: Sung Ryul Shim, Jae Heon Kim, Hoon Choi, Jae Hyun Bae, Hae Joon Kim, Soon-Sun Kwon, Byung Chul Chun and Won Jin Lee
    Citation: BMC Urology 2015 15:30
  38. The aim of this study was to compare pelvic floor muscle (PFM) strength using transvaginal digital palpation in healthy continent women in different age groups, and to compare the inter- and intra-rater reliab...

    Authors: Dulcegleika VB Sartori, Monica O Gameiro, Hamilto A Yamamoto, Paulo R Kawano, Rodrigo Guerra, Carlos R Padovani and João L Amaro
    Citation: BMC Urology 2015 15:29
  39. This study describes and compares health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of prostate cancer patients who received either radical prostatectomy (nerve-sparing, nsRP, or non-nerve-sparing, nnsRP) or radiotherapy...

    Authors: Nora Eisemann, Sandra Nolte, Maike Schnoor, Alexander Katalinic, Volker Rohde and Annika Waldmann
    Citation: BMC Urology 2015 15:28

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