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  1. Content type: Research article

    Multiple guidelines seek to alter rates of prostate-specific antigen (PSA)-based prostate cancer screening. The costs borne by payers associated with PSA-based screening for men of different age groups—includi...

    Authors: Karthik Rao, Stella Liang, Michael Cardamone, Corinne E. Joshu, Kyle Marmen, Nrupen Bhavsar, William G. Nelson, H. Ballentine Carter, Michael C. Albert, Elizabeth A. Platz and Craig E. Pollack

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:38

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  2. Content type: Research article

    The indication of retroperitoneal laparoscopic adrenalectomy (RLA) was extended with the retroperitoneal approach and has been wildly accepted and technologically matured. However, the management of large adre...

    Authors: Wei Chen, Yong Liang, Wei Lin, Guang-Qing Fu and Zhi-Wei Ma

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:31

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Less evidence is known about the role of early changes in serum biomarker after androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) in patients with metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer (mHSPC). Here we evaluated the i...

    Authors: Hiromi Sato, Shintaro Narita, Norihiko Tsuchiya, Atsushi Koizumi, Taketoshi Nara, Sohei Kanda, Kazuyuki Numakura, Hiroshi Tsuruta, Atsushi Maeno, Mitsuru Saito, Takamitsu Inoue, Shigeru Satoh, Kyoko Nomura and Tomonori Habuchi

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:32

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Urologists frequently encounter malignant ureteral obstruction (MUO) caused by advanced urological or non-urological malignant disease, but the treatment policy is unclear. The present study examined the risk ...

    Authors: Mari Ohtaka, Takashi Kawahara, Daiji Takamoto, Taku Mochizuki, Yusuke Hattori, Jun-ichi Teranishi, Kazuhide Makiyama, Yasuhide Miyoshi, Yasushi Yumura, Masahiro Yao and Hiroji Uemura

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:35

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  5. Content type: Research article

    To observe the efficacy of self-help position therapy (SHPT) after holmium laser lithotripsy via flexible ureteroscopy (FURS).

    Authors: Jie Yang, Rong-zhen Tao, Pei Lu, Meng-xing Chen, Xin-kun Huang, Ke-liang Chen, Ying-heng Huang, Xiao-rong He, Li-di Wan, Jing Wang, Xin Tang and Wei Zhang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:33

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Lower ureteric stones and lower urinary tract symptoms are common in urology.Drug treatment is one of standard therapy,but the efficacy was controversial.Thus we aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of...

    Authors: Xifeng Sun, Wei Guan, Haoran Liu, Kun Tang, Libin Yan, Yangjun Zhang, Jin Zeng, Zhiqiang Chen, Hua Xu and Zhangqun Ye

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:30

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  7. Content type: Study protocol

    Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are amongst the most common bacterial infections affecting women. Although antibiotics are the treatment of choice for UTI, cranberry derived products have been used for many ye...

    Authors: Babar Asma, Leblanc Vicky, Dudonne Stephanie, Desjardins Yves, Howell Amy and Dodin Sylvie

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:29

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  8. Content type: Case report

    Reduced port laparoscopic surgery (RPLS) is comparable to conventional multiport laparoscopic surgery and has the potential to provide improved cosmesis and decreased pain; as such, it satisfies a growing dema...

    Authors: Yoichiro Kato, Renpei Kato, Misato Takayama, Daiki Ikarashi, Mitsutaka Onoda, Tomohiko Matsuura, Mitsugu Kanehira, Ryo Takata, Shigeaki Baba, Toshimoto Kimura, Koki Otsuka, Jun Sugimura, So Omori, Akira Sasaki and Wataru Obara

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:28

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Incidence of prostate cancer is increasing as opportunistic screening becomes widespread and life expectancy rises. Despite screening availability, research reveals conflicting results on medical outcomes, for...

    Authors: AnnMarie Groarke, Ruth Curtis, Deirdre M. J. Walsh and Francis J. Sullivan

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:27

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  10. Content type: Case report

    The treatment of advanced or metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) has drastically changed since the approval of immune checkpoint therapy. Nivolumab is a treatment option for patients with metastatic RCC, pre...

    Authors: Go Noguchi, Sohgo Tsutsumi, Masato Yasui, Shinji Ohtake, Susumu Umemoto, Noboru Nakaigawa, Masahiro Yao and Takeshi Kishida

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:26

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Several societies around the world issue guidelines incorporating the latest evidence. However, even the most commonly cited guidelines of the European Association of Urology (EAU) and the American Urological ...

    Authors: Valentin Zumstein, Patrick Betschart, Dominik Abt, Hans-Peter Schmid, Cedric Michael Panje and Paul Martin Putora

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:25

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Lymph node dissection (LND) is not routinely performed during radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) in upper tract urothelial carcinomas (UTUC) and the role of LND has been controversial. We aim to investigate whet...

    Authors: Runqi Guo, Yuze Zhu, Gengyan Xiong, Xuesong Li, Kai Zhang and Liqun Zhou

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:24

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  13. Content type: Research article

    There's no consensus about the difference between renal pelvic and ureteral tumors in terms of clinical features, pathological outcomes, epigenetic biomarkers and prognosis.

    Authors: Dong Fang, Shiming He, Gengyan Xiong, Nirmish Singla, Zhenpeng Cao, Lei Zhang, Xuesong Li and Liqun Zhou

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:22

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Although triptorelin is increasingly used in China for biochemical castration, its effects on primary prostate cancer symptoms remain unclear. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of lower urinary tract s...

    Authors: Le-Ye He, Ming Zhang, Zhi-Wen Chen, Jian-Lin Yuan, Ding-Wei Ye, Lu-Lin Ma, Hui Wei, Jiang-Gen Yang, Shan Chen, Ben Wan, Shu-Jie Xia, Zhi-Liang Weng, Xiang-Bo Kong, Qiang Wei, Feng-Shuo Jin, Xiang-Hua Zhang…

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:23

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  15. Content type: Case report

    Renal fungal bezoars are remarkably rare and mostly occur in immunodeficient patients. Only a small number of cases with immunocompetent patients have been published so far. The published treatment approaches ...

    Authors: Johannes Stein, Stefan Latz, Jörg Ellinger, Guido Fechner, Maher Safi, Philipp Krausewitz, Simone Müller, Karin Weyer and Stefan C. Müller

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:21

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  16. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate the prognostic significance of the novel index combining preoperative hemoglobin and albumin levels and lymphocyte and platelet counts (HALP) in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) patients.

    Authors: Ding Peng, Cui-jian Zhang, Qi Tang, Lei Zhang, Kai-wei Yang, Xiao-teng Yu, Yanqing Gong, Xue-song Li, Zhi-song He and Li-qun Zhou

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:20

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  17. Content type: Research article

    We investigated the renoprotective ability of healthy people against kidney stone formation. To clarify intratubular crystal kinetics and processing in human kidneys, we performed a quantitative and morphologi...

    Authors: Atsushi Okada, Shuzo Hamamoto, Kazumi Taguchi, Rei Unno, Teruaki Sugino, Ryosuke Ando, Kentaro Mizuno, Keiichi Tozawa, Kenjiro Kohri and Takahiro Yasui

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:19

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  18. Content type: Research article

    The non-invasive Cxbladder urine test system has demonstrated clinical utility in ruling out urothelial carcinoma (UC) in patients with asymptomatic microscopic hematuria (AMH), suggesting that the number of i...

    Authors: Tony Lough, Qingyang Luo, Carthika Luxmanan, Alastair Anderson, Jimmy Suttie, Paul O’Sullivan and David Darling

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:18

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Bladder outlet obstruction is a common urological condition. We aimed to summarize available evidences about bladder outlet obstruction-induced molecular and morphological alterations occurring in human bladder.

    Authors: Ferdinando Fusco, Massimiliano Creta, Cosimo De Nunzio, Valerio Iacovelli, Francesco Mangiapia, Vincenzo Li Marzi and Enrico Finazzi Agrò

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:15

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Due to the lack of strong evidence to identify the relationship between antihypertensive drugs use and the risk of prostate cancer, it was needed to do a systematic review to go into the subject.

    Authors: Liang Cao, Sha Zhang, Cheng-ming Jia, Wei He, Lei-tao Wu, Ying-qi Li, Wen Wang, Zhe Li and Jing Ma

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:17

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Mannitol has been employed to ameliorate renal warm ischemia damage during partial nephrectomy, however, there is limited scientific evidence to support the use of mannitol during partial nephrectomy. The obje...

    Authors: José A. Damasceno-Ferreira, Leonardo A. S. Abreu, Gustavo R. Bechara, Waldemar S. Costa, Marco A. Pereira-Sampaio, Francisco J. B. Sampaio and Diogo B. De Souza

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:16

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Positive surgical margin (PSM) is a predictor of biochemical recurrence (BCR) following radical prostatectomy (RP). Attempts to stratify PSM based on linear length, Gleason score, location and number have fail...

    Authors: Mohammed Shahait, Samer Nassif, Hani Tamim, Deborah Mukherji, Maya Hijazi, Marwan El Sabban, Raja Khauli, Muhammad Bulbul, Wassim Abou Kheir and Albert El Hajj

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:13

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  23. Content type: Research article

    To preliminary investigate the effects of silodosin 8 mg once daily on obstruction urodynamic parameters and subjective symptoms in Caucasian patients with lower urinary tract symptoms suggestive of benign pro...

    Authors: Ferdinando Fusco, Massimiliano Creta, Nicola Longo, Francesco Persico, Marco Franco and Vincenzo Mirone

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:12

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  24. Content type: Case report

    Metastatic renal cancers are relatively common. Most are metastases to the renal parenchyma via a hematogenous route and are derived from lung, breast, and gastrointestinal cancer, malignant melanoma, and hema...

    Authors: Yasuyuki Kobayashi, Hiroki Arai, Masahito Honda, Takashi Matsumoto and Kyotaro Yoshida

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:11

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  25. Content type: Research article

    As a potential new treatment for overactive bladder (OAB), we investigated the feasibility of non-invasively activating multiple nerve targets in the lower leg.

    Authors: Eshani Sharan, Kelly Hunter, Magdy Hassouna and Paul B. Yoo

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:10

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Scrotal hemorrhage after testicular sperm aspiration (TESA) is uncommon in clinical operation. Phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors (PDE5i) are commonly given to men who have difficulty providing a sperm sample for ...

    Authors: Yong-tong Zhu, Rui Hua, Song Quan, Wan-long Tan, Qing-jun Chu and Chun-yan Wang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:8

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  27. Content type: Research article

    To identify the value of unilateral pedal lymphangiography (LPG) plus computed tomography angiography (CTA) in accurate depiction of persistent idiopathic chyluria undetectable by ordinary contrast CT.

    Authors: Dingyi Liu, Boke Liu, Weimu Xia, Qi Tang, Haidong Wang, Jian Wang, Yanfeng Zhou, Jiashun Yu, Wenmin Li, Mingwei Wang, Wenlong Zhou, Sang Hu and Yuan Shao

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:9

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  28. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed investigate the effect of the level of invasion into fibromuscular band (FMB) of prostate on the positive surgical margin (PSM) and biochemical recurrence (BCR) after radical prostatectomy (RP...

    Authors: Aram Kim, Myong Kim, Se Un Jeong, Cheryn Song, Yong Mee Cho, Jae Yoon Ro and Hanjong Ahn

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:7

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  29. Content type: Research article

    To investigate the efficacy of tamsulosin in patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and benign prostatic enlargement (BPE) with intravesical prostatic protrusion (IPP). Ultrasound measurement of the...

    Authors: L. Topazio, C. Perugia, C. De Nunzio, G. Gaziev, V. Iacovelli, D. Bianchi, G. Vespasiani and E. Finazzi Agrò

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:6

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Although numerous studies have shown that perineural invasion (PNI) is linked to prostate cancer (PCa) risk, the results have been inconsistent. This study aimed to explore the association between PNI and bioc...

    Authors: Li-jin Zhang, Bin Wu, Zhen-lei Zha, Wei Qu, Hu Zhao, Jun Yuan and Ye-jun Feng

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:5

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers in the elderly population. The standard treatment is radical prostatectomy (RARP). However, urologists do not have consents on the postoperative urine drainage...

    Authors: Zhongyu Jian, Shijian Feng, Yuntian Chen, Xin Wei, Deyi Luo, Hong Li and Kunjie Wang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:1

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  32. Content type: Research article

    This study investigated changes in the expression of cannabinoid (CB) receptors and the effects of CB1 and CB2 agonists on detrusor overactivity (DO) associated with bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) in rats.

    Authors: Sung Dae Kim, Kang Jun Cho and Joon Chul Kim

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:121

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  33. Content type: Case report

    Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) is a new and useful technique for angiographic procedures. Prostatic artery embolization (PAE) has emerged as a promising treatment modality for lower urinary tract symptom...

    Authors: Chia-Bang Chen, Chen-Te Chou and Yao-Li Chen

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:120

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  34. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate the effects of combined bladder neck preservation and posterior reconstruction techniques on early and long term urinary continence in patients treated by robotic assisted radical prostatectomy (RA...

    Authors: Riccardo Bartoletti, Andrea Mogorovich, Francesco Francesca, Giorgio Pomara and Cesare Selli

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:119

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Information on the safety of transurethral resection of bladder tumors (TURBT) in patients receiving anti-thromboembolic drugs is currently lacking. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical safety of TURBT in...

    Authors: Tsuzumi Konishi, Satoshi Washino, Yuhki Nakamura, Masashi Ohshima, Kimitoshi Saito, Yoshiaki Arai and Tomoaki Miyagawa

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:118

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  36. Content type: Research article

    This study compared the detection rates for clinically significant prostate cancer (CSPC) between magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasonography (MRI/US)-fusion-targeted biopsy (TB), systematic biopsy (SB) and...

    Authors: Yuji Hakozaki, Hisashi Matsushima, Jimpei Kumagai, Taro Murata, Tomoko Masuda, Yoko Hirai, Mai Oda, Nobuo Kawauchi, Munehiro Yokoyama and Yukio Homma

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:117

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Prostate cancer (PCa) and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) are diseases of elderly men and are related to increased oxidative stress (OS). Although prolidase has a role in collagen metabolism, it is also use...

    Authors: Faruk Kucukdurmaz, Erkan Efe, Ahmet Çelik, Hasan Dagli, Metin Kılınc and Sefa Resim

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:116

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is the third most common urological cancer in adults. Our aim is to evaluate genes and miRNAs expression profiles involved with angiogenesis and tumor characteristics in...

    Authors: Rita de Cássia Oliveira, Renato Fidelis Ivanovic, Katia Ramos Moreira Leite, Nayara Izabel Viana, Ruan César Aparecido Pimenta, José Pontes Junior, Vanessa Ribeiro Guimarães, Denis Reis Morais, Daniel Kanda Abe, Adriano João Nesrallah, Miguel Srougi, William Nahas and Sabrina Thalita Reis

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:113

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Recently, the Expanded Prostate Cancer Index Composite 26-item version (EPIC-26) was recommended for the assessment of adverse effects after the treatment of prostate cancer without clear reasons. This decisio...

    Authors: Karol Axcrona, Rasmus Nilsson, Bjørn Brennhovd, Øystein Sørebø, Sophie D. Fosså and Alv A. Dahl

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:111

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT), such as renal dysplasia, hydronephrosis, or vesicoureteral reflux, are the most common causes of end-stage renal disease. However, the genetic etio...

    Authors: Kentaro Mizuno, Akihiro Nakane, Hidenori Nishio, Yoshinobu Moritoki, Hideyuki Kamisawa, Satoshi Kurokawa, Taiki Kato, Ryosuke Ando, Tetsuji Maruyama, Takahiro Yasui and Yutaro Hayashi

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:112

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  41. Content type: Research article

    The purposes of this study were to determine whether adjuvant chemotherapy (AC) improved the prognosis of patients with high-risk upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC)and to identify the patients who...

    Authors: Kazutoshi Fujita, Kei Taneishi, Teruo Inamoto, Yu Ishizuya, Shingo Takada, Masao Tsujihata, Go Tanigawa, Noriko Minato, Shigeaki Nakazawa, Tsuyoshi Takada, Toshichika Iwanishi, Motohide Uemura, Yasushi Okuno, Haruhito Azuma and Nonomura Norio

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:110

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