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  1. Content type: Research article

    Reduced clinical exposure to urology at the undergraduate or internship level is the main explanation for the marked decrease in applicants to urology residencies. This manuscript was to access the application...

    Authors: Hwa Yeon Sun, Young Myoung Ko, Seung Wook Lee, Bora Lee and Jae Heon Kim

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:65

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  2. Content type: Research article

    To provide indicators for the likelihood of sperm retrieval in patients undergoing testicular sperm extraction is a major issue in the management of male infertility by TESE. The aim of our study was to determ...

    Authors: Lucio Gnessi, Filomena Scarselli, Maria Giulia Minasi, Stefania Mariani, Carla Lubrano, Sabrina Basciani, Pier Francesco Greco, Mikiko Watanabe, Giorgio Franco, Alessio Farcomeni and Ermanno Greco

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:63

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Even though evidence based medicine, guidelines and algorithms still represent the pillars of the management of chronic diseases (i.e: hypertension, diabetes mellitus), a patient centred approach has been rece...

    Authors: Cosimo De Nunzio, Fabrizio Presicce, Riccardo Lombardo, Alberto Trucchi, Mariangela Bellangino, Andrea Tubaro and Egidio Moja

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:62

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Αim of the study was to determine the effect of mirabegron, used for overactive bladder (OAB) treatment, on female sexual function.

    Authors: A. Zachariou, C. Mamoulakis, M. Filiponi, F. Dimitriadis, J. Giannakis, S. Skouros, P. Tsounapi, A. Takenaka and N. Sofikitis

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:61

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The preoperative neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), C-reactive protein/albumin ratio (CRP/Alb ratio) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) have been demonstrated to predict the clinical outcome of various ...

    Authors: Sezim Agizamhan, Feng Qu, Ning Liu, Jing Sun, Wei Xu, Lihua Zhang, Hongqian Guo and Weidong Gan

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:60

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) has been shown to have abnormal expression in many human cancers and is considered as a marker of poor prognosis. Frequency of over expression in bladder cancer has not ...

    Authors: Atif Ali hashmi, Zubaida Fida Hussain, Muhammad Irfan, Erum Yousuf Khan, Naveen Faridi, Hanna Naqvi, Amir Khan and Muhammad Muzzammil Edhi

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:59

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  7. Content type: Case report

    Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis (XGP) is an uncommon infectious disease of the kidney known to mimic other renal maladies. A rare presentation of this uncommon disease is spontaneous renal hemorrhage (SRH).

    Authors: William Keith Ballentine III, Fernandino Vilson, Raymond B Dyer and Majid Mirzazadeh

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:57

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Overactive bladder (OAB) affects millions of women. It is important to assess knowledge and attitude in affected patients. The study objective was to develop surveys to assess OAB knowledge and OAB related att...

    Authors: Sumedha Chhatre, Diane K. Newman, Alan J. Wein, Ashlie E. Jefferson, J. Sanford Schwartz and Ravishankar Jayadevappa

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:56

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  9. Content type: Research article

    The objective of this study was to describe overall survival and the management of men with favorable risk prostate cancer (PCa) within a large community-based health care system in the United States.

    Authors: Furaha Kariburyo, Yuexi Wang, I-Ning ( Elaine) Cheng, Lisa Wang, David Morgenstern, Lin Xie, Eric Meadows, John Danella and Michael L. Cher

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:55

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  10. Content type: Research article

    This study aims to explore the feasibility of anchoring a four-arm transvaginal mesh (TVM) to the mid-urethra to correct an anterior compartment POP–Quantification stage II–III (Q II–III) and concomitant genuine ...

    Authors: Zoltán Fekete, Szilvia Kőrösi, László Pajor, Zoltán Bajory, Gábor Németh and Zoltan Kozinszky

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:53

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  11. Content type: Case report

    Recurrent (stuttering) ischemic priapism is a challenging clinical condition. Frequent recurrences result in frequent hospital admissions whereas treatment with a shunting procedure often results in erectile d...

    Authors: Paolo Massenio, Nicola D’Altilia, Francesca Sanguedolce, Giuseppe Carrieri and Luigi Cormio

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:54

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  12. Content type: Research article

    This study was conducted to determine whether the location of the bladder neck in postoperative cystography predicts recovery of continence after radical prostatectomy.

    Authors: Susumu Kageyama, Tetsuya Yoshida, Masayuki Nagasawa, Shigehisa Kubota, Keiji Tomita, Kenichi Kobayashi, Ryosuke Murai, Teruhiko Tsuru, Eiki Hanada, Kazuyoshi Johnin, Mitsuhiro Narita and Akihiro Kawauchi

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:52

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  13. Content type: Research article

    To determine whether prebiopsy multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) with subsequent systematic plus targeted biopsies for suspicious lesions improve prostate cancer detection compared with standa...

    Authors: Satoshi Washino, Shigeru Kobayashi, Tomohisa Okochi, Tomohiro Kameda, Tsuzumi Konoshi, Tomoaki Miyagawa, Tatsuya Takayama and Tatsuo Morita

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:51

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  14. Content type: Research article

    The objectives of this study were to determine the minimum incidence of penile cancer in the poorest Brazilian state, and to describe the epidemiologic and clinical characteristics of patients diagnosed with t...

    Authors: Ronald Wagner Pereira Coelho, Jaqueline Diniz Pinho, Janise Silva Moreno, Dimitrius Vidal e Oliveira Garbis, Athiene Maniva Teixeira do Nascimento, Joyce Santos Larges, José Ribamar Rodrigues Calixto, Leandra Naira Zambelli Ramalho, Antônio Augusto Moura da Silva, Leudivan Ribeiro Nogueira, Laisson de Moura Feitoza and Gyl Eanes Barros Silva

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:50

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Long-term use of indwelling urethral catheters is associated with high risk of urinary tract infection (UTI) and blockage, which may in turn cause significant morbidity and reduce the life of the catheter. A 0...

    Authors: Florian H. H. Brill, Henrik Gabriel, Holger Brill, Jan-Hendrik Klock, Joerg Steinmann and Andreas Arndt

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:49

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  16. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study is to assess the value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) as a new non-invasive approach to locate the testicular area in which spermatogenesis is most likely to be found in non-obstr...

    Authors: Shijun Zhang, Jing Du, Ruhui Tian, Shaowei Xie, Fenghua Li and Zheng Li

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:48

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Although the pelvic autonomic plexus branches are considered to be a mixture of sympathetic and parasympathetic nerves, little is known regarding the composite fibers of the pelvic plexus branches. This study ...

    Authors: Kuniyasu Muraoka, Shuichi Morizane, Keisuke Hieda, Masashi Honda, Takehiro Sejima, Gen Murakami, Shin-ichi Abe and Atsushi Takenaka

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:47

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Urinary tract infection (UTI) is very common in patients with urolithiasis, which makes the treatment of urolithiasis complicated, even dangerous. The objective of this study was to determine the risk factors ...

    Authors: Li Yongzhi, Yan Shi, Liu Jia, Liu Yili, Zhu Xingwang and Gong Xue

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:45

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The incidence of posterior urethral valve (PUV) is estimated at 1:5000–1:8000 males. It is the most common paediatric urologic urgency and the most common cause of male obstructive uropathy and chronic renal f...

    Authors: Faustin Felicien Mouafo Tambo, Paul Nkemtendong Tolefac, Marcelin Ngowe Ngowe, Jacqueline Ze Minkande, Landry Mbouche, Georgette Guemkam, Neville Alemnju Telelen, Fru Fobuzshi Angwafo III and Aurelien Maurice Sosso

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:46

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Hospital length of stay (LOS) has recently been receiving increasing attention as a marker of medical resource consumption. Identifying predictors of longer LOS can better equip doctors to counsel patients and...

    Authors: Qingmei Huang, Ping Jiang, Lina Feng, Liping Xie, Shuo Wang, Dan Xia, Baihua Shen, Baiye Jin, Li Zheng and Wei Wang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:43

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Adjustable single-incision mini-sling (SIMS) is a new category of SIMS for stress urinary incontinence (SUI). The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of adjustable single-incision mini-sli...

    Authors: Fuding Bai, Jimin Chen, Zhewei Zhang, Yichun Zheng, Jiaming Wen, Xiawa Mao and Nan Zhang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:44

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  22. Content type: Case report

    Primary synovial sarcoma of the kidney is a rare type of soft tissue sarcoma. Its presenting features can resemble those of other renal tumors; rendering its early diagnosis, a dilemma. Several cases of renal ...

    Authors: Alissar El Chediak, Deborah Mukherji, Sally Temraz, Samer Nassif, Sara Sinno, Rami Mahfouz and Ali Shamseddine

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:40

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Living-donor nephrectomy (LDN) is challenging, as surgery is performed on healthy individuals. Minimally invasive techniques for LDN have become standard in most centers. Nevertheless, numerous techniques have...

    Authors: Jeannette D. Widmer, Andrea Schlegel, Philipp Kron, Marc Schiesser, Jens G. Brockmann and Markus K. Muller

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:39

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Multiple guidelines seek to alter rates of prostate-specific antigen (PSA)-based prostate cancer screening. The costs borne by payers associated with PSA-based screening for men of different age groups—includi...

    Authors: Karthik Rao, Stella Liang, Michael Cardamone, Corinne E. Joshu, Kyle Marmen, Nrupen Bhavsar, William G. Nelson, H. Ballentine Carter, Michael C. Albert, Elizabeth A. Platz and Craig E. Pollack

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:38

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Penile length (PL) shortening is an underreported phenomenon following radical prostatectomy (RP) and risk factors are not fully explored. We aimed to describe longitudinal patterns of PL recovery and evaluate...

    Authors: Young Suk Kwon, Nicholas Farber, Ji Woong Yu, Kevin Rhee, Christopher Han, Patrick Ney, Jeong Hee Hong, Paul Lee, Nikhil Gupta, Wun-Jae Kim and Isaac Yi Kim

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:37

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  26. Content type: Research article

    The indication of retroperitoneal laparoscopic adrenalectomy (RLA) was extended with the retroperitoneal approach and has been wildly accepted and technologically matured. However, the management of large adre...

    Authors: Wei Chen, Yong Liang, Wei Lin, Guang-Qing Fu and Zhi-Wei Ma

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:31

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Less evidence is known about the role of early changes in serum biomarker after androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) in patients with metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer (mHSPC). Here we evaluated the i...

    Authors: Hiromi Sato, Shintaro Narita, Norihiko Tsuchiya, Atsushi Koizumi, Taketoshi Nara, Sohei Kanda, Kazuyuki Numakura, Hiroshi Tsuruta, Atsushi Maeno, Mitsuru Saito, Takamitsu Inoue, Shigeru Satoh, Kyoko Nomura and Tomonori Habuchi

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:32

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Urologists frequently encounter malignant ureteral obstruction (MUO) caused by advanced urological or non-urological malignant disease, but the treatment policy is unclear. The present study examined the risk ...

    Authors: Mari Ohtaka, Takashi Kawahara, Daiji Takamoto, Taku Mochizuki, Yusuke Hattori, Jun-ichi Teranishi, Kazuhide Makiyama, Yasuhide Miyoshi, Yasushi Yumura, Masahiro Yao and Hiroji Uemura

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:35

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  29. Content type: Research article

    To observe the efficacy of self-help position therapy (SHPT) after holmium laser lithotripsy via flexible ureteroscopy (FURS).

    Authors: Jie Yang, Rong-zhen Tao, Pei Lu, Meng-xing Chen, Xin-kun Huang, Ke-liang Chen, Ying-heng Huang, Xiao-rong He, Li-di Wan, Jing Wang, Xin Tang and Wei Zhang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:33

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Lower ureteric stones and lower urinary tract symptoms are common in urology.Drug treatment is one of standard therapy,but the efficacy was controversial.Thus we aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of...

    Authors: Xifeng Sun, Wei Guan, Haoran Liu, Kun Tang, Libin Yan, Yangjun Zhang, Jin Zeng, Zhiqiang Chen, Hua Xu and Zhangqun Ye

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:30

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  31. Content type: Study protocol

    Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are amongst the most common bacterial infections affecting women. Although antibiotics are the treatment of choice for UTI, cranberry derived products have been used for many ye...

    Authors: Babar Asma, Leblanc Vicky, Dudonne Stephanie, Desjardins Yves, Howell Amy and Dodin Sylvie

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:29

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  32. Content type: Case report

    Reduced port laparoscopic surgery (RPLS) is comparable to conventional multiport laparoscopic surgery and has the potential to provide improved cosmesis and decreased pain; as such, it satisfies a growing dema...

    Authors: Yoichiro Kato, Renpei Kato, Misato Takayama, Daiki Ikarashi, Mitsutaka Onoda, Tomohiko Matsuura, Mitsugu Kanehira, Ryo Takata, Shigeaki Baba, Toshimoto Kimura, Koki Otsuka, Jun Sugimura, So Omori, Akira Sasaki and Wataru Obara

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:28

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Incidence of prostate cancer is increasing as opportunistic screening becomes widespread and life expectancy rises. Despite screening availability, research reveals conflicting results on medical outcomes, for...

    Authors: AnnMarie Groarke, Ruth Curtis, Deirdre M. J. Walsh and Francis J. Sullivan

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:27

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  34. Content type: Case report

    The treatment of advanced or metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) has drastically changed since the approval of immune checkpoint therapy. Nivolumab is a treatment option for patients with metastatic RCC, pre...

    Authors: Go Noguchi, Sohgo Tsutsumi, Masato Yasui, Shinji Ohtake, Susumu Umemoto, Noboru Nakaigawa, Masahiro Yao and Takeshi Kishida

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:26

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Several societies around the world issue guidelines incorporating the latest evidence. However, even the most commonly cited guidelines of the European Association of Urology (EAU) and the American Urological ...

    Authors: Valentin Zumstein, Patrick Betschart, Dominik Abt, Hans-Peter Schmid, Cedric Michael Panje and Paul Martin Putora

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:25

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Lymph node dissection (LND) is not routinely performed during radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) in upper tract urothelial carcinomas (UTUC) and the role of LND has been controversial. We aim to investigate whet...

    Authors: Runqi Guo, Yuze Zhu, Gengyan Xiong, Xuesong Li, Kai Zhang and Liqun Zhou

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:24

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  37. Content type: Research article

    There's no consensus about the difference between renal pelvic and ureteral tumors in terms of clinical features, pathological outcomes, epigenetic biomarkers and prognosis.

    Authors: Dong Fang, Shiming He, Gengyan Xiong, Nirmish Singla, Zhenpeng Cao, Lei Zhang, Xuesong Li and Liqun Zhou

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:22

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Although triptorelin is increasingly used in China for biochemical castration, its effects on primary prostate cancer symptoms remain unclear. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of lower urinary tract s...

    Authors: Le-Ye He, Ming Zhang, Zhi-Wen Chen, Jian-Lin Yuan, Ding-Wei Ye, Lu-Lin Ma, Hui Wei, Jiang-Gen Yang, Shan Chen, Ben Wan, Shu-Jie Xia, Zhi-Liang Weng, Xiang-Bo Kong, Qiang Wei, Feng-Shuo Jin, Xiang-Hua Zhang…

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:23

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  39. Content type: Case report

    Renal fungal bezoars are remarkably rare and mostly occur in immunodeficient patients. Only a small number of cases with immunocompetent patients have been published so far. The published treatment approaches ...

    Authors: Johannes Stein, Stefan Latz, Jörg Ellinger, Guido Fechner, Maher Safi, Philipp Krausewitz, Simone Müller, Karin Weyer and Stefan C. Müller

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:21

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  40. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate the prognostic significance of the novel index combining preoperative hemoglobin and albumin levels and lymphocyte and platelet counts (HALP) in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) patients.

    Authors: Ding Peng, Cui-jian Zhang, Qi Tang, Lei Zhang, Kai-wei Yang, Xiao-teng Yu, Yanqing Gong, Xue-song Li, Zhi-song He and Li-qun Zhou

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:20

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  41. Content type: Research article

    We investigated the renoprotective ability of healthy people against kidney stone formation. To clarify intratubular crystal kinetics and processing in human kidneys, we performed a quantitative and morphologi...

    Authors: Atsushi Okada, Shuzo Hamamoto, Kazumi Taguchi, Rei Unno, Teruaki Sugino, Ryosuke Ando, Kentaro Mizuno, Keiichi Tozawa, Kenjiro Kohri and Takahiro Yasui

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:19

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  42. Content type: Research article

    The non-invasive Cxbladder urine test system has demonstrated clinical utility in ruling out urothelial carcinoma (UC) in patients with asymptomatic microscopic hematuria (AMH), suggesting that the number of i...

    Authors: Tony Lough, Qingyang Luo, Carthika Luxmanan, Alastair Anderson, Jimmy Suttie, Paul O’Sullivan and David Darling

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:18

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Bladder outlet obstruction is a common urological condition. We aimed to summarize available evidences about bladder outlet obstruction-induced molecular and morphological alterations occurring in human bladder.

    Authors: Ferdinando Fusco, Massimiliano Creta, Cosimo De Nunzio, Valerio Iacovelli, Francesco Mangiapia, Vincenzo Li Marzi and Enrico Finazzi Agrò

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:15

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Due to the lack of strong evidence to identify the relationship between antihypertensive drugs use and the risk of prostate cancer, it was needed to do a systematic review to go into the subject.

    Authors: Liang Cao, Sha Zhang, Cheng-ming Jia, Wei He, Lei-tao Wu, Ying-qi Li, Wen Wang, Zhe Li and Jing Ma

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:17

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