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  1. To report the feasibility, oncological and functional outcomes of salvage robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (sRARP) for recurrent prostate cancer (PCa) after irreversible electroporation (IRE).

    Authors: Alexandar Blazevski, William Gondoputro, Matthijs J. Scheltema, Amer Amin, Bart Geboers, Daniela Barreto, Anne-Maree Haynes, Ron Shnier, Warick Delprado, Shikha Agrawal, James E. Thompson and Phillip D. Stricker
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:28
  2. Intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) fails in a considerable proportion of non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) patients despite treatment per recommended protocol. This real-world study aimed to ...

    Authors: Edward I. Broughton, Kyna M. Gooden, Katie L. Mycock, Ivana Rajkovic and Gavin Taylor-Stokes
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:27
  3. Ductus deferens may manifest in a variety of anomalies such as its absence, duplication, ectopy, or diverticulum. Ectopic seminal tract opening has two main types, ectopic ejaculatory duct opening, and ectopic...

    Authors: Marah Mansour, Mohammad Adel Ismail, Mohammad Ali Dashan, Ahmad Kheat, Tamim Alsuliman and Khaled Alrebdawi
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:26
  4. The current study aimed to assess a novel ureteroscopic technique developed for treating upper urinary calculi based on a specially designed lateral decubitus body position that could avoid stone loss by adjus...

    Authors: Jinqing Zhang, Binbin Li, Gang Li, Zengshi Yang, Ning Ye, Yihao Liu, Hongbing Zhuo and Jingfan Hong
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:24
  5. Identifying patients in whom adrenalectomy may be more difficult can help with surgical decision-making. This study investigated the perioperative factors affecting the difficulty of retroperitoneal laparoscop...

    Authors: Jinyao Wang, Bin Yang, Shiwei Sun and Yangang Zhang
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:22
  6. Urethrocutaneous fistula (subsequently, fistula) is a rare adverse event (AE) in voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) programs. Global fistula rates of 0.19 and 0.28 per 100,000 VMMCs were reported. Managem...

    Authors: Vernon Murenje, Victor Omollo, Paidemoyo Gonouya, Joseph Hove, Tinashe Munyaradzi, Phiona Marongwe, Mufuta Tshimanga, Vuyelwa Chitimbire, Sinokuthemba Xaba, John Mandisarisa, Shirish Balachandra, Batsirai Makunike-Chikwinya, Marrianne Holec, Tonderayi Mangwiro, Scott Barnhart and Caryl Feldacker
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:20
  7. Several studies described post-operative irritative symptoms after laser enucleation of prostate, sometimes associated with urge incontinence, probably linked to laser-induced prostatic capsule irritation, and...

    Authors: Riccardo Bertolo, Chiara Cipriani, Matteo Vittori, Marco Carilli, Francesco Maiorino, Valerio Iacovelli, Carlo Ganini, Michele Antonucci, Marta Signoretti, Filomena Petta, Massimo Panei and Pierluigi Bove
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:19
  8. Robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) rates have been increasing worldwide despite a lack of evidence of superior patient-reported outcomes (PROs) compared to open radical prostatectomy (ORP).

    Authors: Michael Rechtman, Andrew Forbes, Jeremy L. Millar, Melanie Evans, Lachlan Dodds, Declan G. Murphy and Sue M. Evans
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:18
  9. There have been few studies regarding viral involvement in the pathogenesis of renal cell carcinoma (RCC). The aim of this study was to examine the possible association of Epstein–Barr virus (EBV) infection wi...

    Authors: Ali Farhadi, Sepide Namdari, Pei Pei Chong, Bita Geramizadeh, Abbas Behzad-Behbahani, Zamberi Sekawi and Sedigheh Sharifzadeh
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:17
  10. The incidence of 47, XYY syndrome in live-born male infants is 1/1000. Due to its variable clinical symptoms, the diagnosis is easy to miss. The incidence of congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens (C...

    Authors: Ci Zou, Dexin Yu, Hao Geng, Xiaofeng Lan and Wei Sun
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:16
  11. Epidemiological data on anticoagulation for venous thromboembolism (VTE) in prostate cancer are sparse. We aimed to investigate associations between anticoagulation duration and risks of VTE recurrence after t...

    Authors: Yanina Balabanova, Bahman Farahmand, Pär Stattin, Hans Garmo and Gunnar Brobert
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:15
  12. The important role of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) in cancer has been demonstrated in many studies. Prostate cancer gene expression marker 1 (PCGEM1) is a lncRNA specifically expressed within the prostate and...

    Authors: He Liu, Xin He, Tianjiao Li, Yi Qu, Lina Xu, Yingnan Hou, Yao Fu and Hongzhi Wang
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:14
  13. Uretero-arterial fistulas (UAFs) are uncommon and pose a diagnostic dilemma, making them life threatening if not recognized and treated expediently. UAFs to small arteries such as a branch of the inferior mese...

    Authors: Mustafa A. Altaha, Massimo Tarulli, Jaspreet Bajwa, Sebastian Mafeld and Arash Jaberi
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:11
  14. Routine human papillomavirus (HPV) testing is performed in cervival cancer and is required for classification of some head and neck cancers. In penile cancer a statement on HPV association of the carcinoma is ...

    Authors: Ria Winkelmann, Katrin Bankov, Jens von der Grün, Jindrich Cinatl Jr., Peter J. Wild, Stefan Vallo and Melanie Demes
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:10
  15. Leiomyoma of the seminal vesicle is a rare leiomyoma characterized by the formation of benign leiomyomatous tissue within the seminal vesicle. Although histologically benign, excessive size can lead to urinary...

    Authors: Xiaoyang Xu, Shuang He, Yangyang Li, Feifei Wen, Lizhen Lu, Zhongze Cui and Shuhua Wu
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:9
  16. Flexible ureteroscopic incision and drainage is a relatively new surgical method for treating parapelvic cysts. Considering that the intraoperative localization of the cyst may fail with a flexible ureteroscop...

    Authors: Kun-Wu Yan, Xiao-Fei Tian, Na Meng, Wen-Zhan Liu, Zhi-Min Lu, Ming-Tao Guo and Bo Xiao
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:7
  17. To retrospectively investigate the grey-scale, Doppler, contrast-enhanced and microvascular ultrasound of five patients with primary testicular lymphoma of our institute through review literature analysis.

    Authors: Li Yang, Yuan Tao, Zhang Weixin, Bao Meiling and Hang Jing
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:6
  18. Adenovirus gastroenteritis is a common cause of diarrhea and vomiting in infants, resulting in prerenal acute kidney injury (AKI). However, postrenal AKI due to urinary stones associated with adenovirus gastro...

    Authors: Hideki Ban, Kenichiro Miura, Rika Tomoeda, Katsuki Hirai and Motoshi Hattori
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:5
  19. There are few reports about balloon dilatation combined with internal and external drainage tube in the treatment of ureteral stricture under interventional therapy. The aim of the study is to explore the safe...

    Authors: Haohao Lu, Chuansheng Zheng, Bin Liang and Bin Xiong
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:4
  20. Malament stitch is one of the effective techniques employed to minimize bleeding in simple open prostatectomy but concerns about possibility of increased risk of bladder neck stenosis has limited its routine u...

    Authors: Okwudili Calistus Amu, Emmanuel Azubuike Affusim, Ugochukwu Uzodimma Nnadozie and Okezie Mbadiwe
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:3
  21. To describe the influence of the socioeconomic development on worldwide age-standardized incidence and mortality rates, as well as mortality-to-incidence ratio (MIR) and 5-year net survival of urologic cancer ...

    Authors: Xiao-Fang Xia, Yi-Qiu Wang, Shi-Yi Shao, Xin-Yu Zhao, Shi-Geng Zhang, Zhong-Yi Li, Yi-Chu Yuan and Nan Zhang
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:2
  22. Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), like ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn’s disease (CD), are associated with urinary extra-intestinal manifestations, like urolithiasis and uncomplicated urinary tract infectio...

    Authors: Jake Herbert, Emily Teeter, Landen Shane Burstiner, Ralfi Doka, Amor Royer, Anna H. Owings, Julia Liu, Sarah C. Glover and Pegah Hosseini-Carroll
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:1
  23. To investigate the current diagnostic and therapeutic approaches to anterior urethral strictures of Chinese urologists and to compare with developed countries and the American Urologic Association guidelines.

    Authors: Changhao Hou, Yubo Gu, Wei Yuan, Zeyu Wang, Jiahao Lin, Qiang Fu and Lujie Song
    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:185
  24. CT-Urography combined with 3D printing technology, digital design, construction of individualized PCNL puncture guides, and preliminary analyze their efficacy, safety puncture positioning for PCNL.

    Authors: Gao Keyu, Li Shuaishuai, Ashok Raj, Li Shuofeng, Liu Shuai, Zhang Yuan, Zhu Haitao and Wang Junqi
    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:184
  25. Combining targeted biopsy (TB) with systematic biopsy (SB) is currently recommended as the first-line biopsy method by the European Association of Urology (EAU) guidelines in patients diagnosed with prostate c...

    Authors: Fei Wang, Tong Chen, Meng Wang, Hanbing Chen, Caishan Wang, Peiqing Liu, Songtao Liu, Jing Luo, Qi Ma and Lijun Xu
    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:183
  26. We aimed to assess the outcome of staged transverse preputial island flap (TPIF) urethroplasty for repairing certain cases of primary proximal hypospadias with moderate-to-severe chordee in children.

    Authors: Hai Lin, Yu-Yun Wang, Shi-Bing Li, Ze-Ting Chen and Liang-Ju Su
    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:182
  27. To explore the feasibility of single-position laparoscopic radical nephrectomy (LRN) and tumor thrombectomy for left renal cell carcinoma with high-risk Mayo 0 and 1 tumor thrombus (TT).

    Authors: Adili Keranmu, Mingshuai Wang, Yajian Li, Feiya Yang, Wasilijiang Wahafu, Dong Chen, Jing Liang, Kaopeng Guan and Nianzeng Xing
    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:181
  28. To compare 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA)-mediated photodynamic diagnosis (PDD) with narrow-band imaging (NBI) for cancer detection during transurethral resection of bladder tumour (TURBT).

    Authors: Hiroki Hagimoto, Noriyuki Makita, Yuta Mine, Hidetoshi Kokubun, Shiori Murata, Yohei Abe, Masashi Kubota, Naofumi Tsutsumi, Toshinari Yamasaki and Mutsushi Kawakita
    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:180

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Urology 2022 22:23

  29. To assess the use and safety of free combination therapy (dutasteride and tamsulosin), dutasteride monotherapy, or tamsulosin monotherapy in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).

    Authors: Zrinka Lulic, Hwancheol Son, Sang-Bae Yoo, Marianne Cunnington, Pratiksha Kapse, Diane Miller, Vanessa Cortes, Suna Park, Rachel H. Bhak and Mei Sheng Duh
    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:178
  30. Ichthyosis is a rare skin disorder, in which the shedding of squamous cells is altered. Intravesical ichthyosis is an extremely rare condition. There is evidence for an association with intravesical condylomat...

    Authors: T. Hermans, R. grosse Siemer and F. C. von Rundstedt
    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:177
  31. Radical prostatectomy (RP) is the primary treatment of localized prostate cancer. Immediate urinary incontinence post-RP was still common and depressing without specific reason.

    Authors: Xuwei Lu, Chang He, Sihong Zhang, Fan Yang, Zhuifeng Guo, Jiaqi Huang, Minke He, Jiawen Wu, Xia Sheng, Wenyao Lin, Jie Cheng, Jianming Guo and Hang Wang
    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:176

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Urology 2022 22:31

  32. Premature ejaculation (PE) is the most common and prevalent sexual disorder among men. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study aimed at evaluating the relationship of PE among polygamous men.

    Authors: Abdikarim Hussein Mohamed, Hussein Ali Mohamud and Adem Yasar
    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:175
  33. This study was aimed to evaluate the effect of preoperative composite inflammatory index on adhesional perinephric fat (APF), providing a help for preoperative risk assessment of laparoscopic partial nephrecto...

    Authors: Teng Ma, Lin Cong, Qianli Ma, Zhaoqin Huang, Qianqian Hua, Xiaojiao Li, Ximing Wang and Yunchao Chen
    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:174
  34. Urothelial bladder cancer (BC) is one of the most prevalent malignancies with high mortality and high recurrence rate. Angiogenesis, tumor growth and metastasis of multiple cancers are partly modulated by CC c...

    Authors: Yuxin Li, Xiong Chen, Dongjie Li, Zhiming Yang, Yao Bai, Sheng Hu, Zhenyu Liu, Jie Gu and XiaoBo Zhang
    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:173
  35. Interstitial cystitis, or bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS), is a chronic bladder disorder characterized by lower abdominal pain associated with the urinary bladder and accompanied by urinary frequency and urgenc...

    Authors: Ali Hashemi Gheinani, Akshay Akshay, Mustafa Besic, Annette Kuhn, Irene Keller, Rémy Bruggmann, Hubert Rehrauer, Rosalyn M. Adam, Fiona C. Burkhard and Katia Monastyrskaya
    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:172
  36. This study was conducted to present our experience in urethral mucosal graft urethroplasty to repair urethral stricture, as the first experience in our context.

    Authors: Sami Mahjoub Taha Awad, Musab Abdalla M. Ahmed, Yassin Mohamed Osman Abdalla, Mohammed El Imam M. Ahmed and Mohamed Daffalla-Awadalla Gismalla
    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:171
  37. The correlation between modified bladder outlet obstruction index (MBOOI) and surgical efficacy still remains unknown. The purpose of the study was to investigate the clinical value of the MBOOI and its use in...

    Authors: Hongming Liu, Ye Tian, Guangheng Luo, Zhiyong Su, Yong Ban, Zhen Wang and Zhaolin Sun
    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:170
  38. The combination of multi-parametric MRI to locate and define suspected lesions together with their being targeted by an MRI-guided prostate biopsy has succeeded in increasing the detection rate of clinically s...

    Authors: Barak Rosenzweig, Tomer Drori, Orit Raz, Gil Goldinger, Gadi Shlomai, Dorit E. Zilberman, Moshe Shechtman, Jacob Ramon, Zohar A. Dotan and Orith Portnoy
    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:169
  39. Bladder cancer (BC) has high mortality due to distant metastasis. Previous works suggested that microRNA (miRNA)-340 is a critical regulator for the development and progression of various cancers. The specific...

    Authors: Gang Xu, Shouhua Pan, Zhirong Zhu and Junlong Li
    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:168
  40. One of the major concerns of patients with upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) treated with nephroureterectomy is intravesical recurrence (IVR). The purpose of the present study was to investigate the pred...

    Authors: Masato Yanagi, Tsutomu Hamasaki, Jun Akatsuka, Yuki Endo, Hayato Takeda and Yukihiro Kondo
    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:167
  41. To report the long-term efficacy and complications of the augmentation uretero-enterocystoplasty (AUEC), including augmentation cystoplasty with simultaneous ureteroplasty and ureteral anti-reflux implantation...

    Authors: Xiaoqian Ying and Limin Liao
    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:166

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Urology 2022 22:21

  42. Graft substitute urethroplasty is recommended for patients with long segment anterior urethral stricture. The therapeutic effects of the grafts need to be validated on the animal models. Therefore the aim of t...

    Authors: Jianpo Zhai, Danhui Zhao, Guanglin Huang, Libo Man, Guoqiang Yan and Chengai Wu
    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:165

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