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  1. Recent approvals of second-generation androgen receptor inhibitors (SGARIs) have changed the treatment landscape for non-metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (nmCRPC). These SGARIs have similar effi...

    Authors: Sandy Srinivas, Ateesha F. Mohamed, Sreevalsa Appukkuttan, Marc Botteman, Xinyi Ng, Namita Joshi, Erica Horodniceanu, A. Reginald Waldeck and Stacey J Simmons

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:73

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) is a standard treatment for advanced prostate cancer (PCa). However, PCa recurrence and progression rates during ADT are high. Until now, there has been no evidence regarding...

    Authors: Agus Rizal A. H. Hamid, Harun W. Kusuma Putra, Ningrum Paramita Sari, Putri Diana, Saras Serani Sesari, Eka Novita, Fajar Lamhot Gultom, Meilania Saraswati, Budiana Tanurahardja, Asmarinah, Rainy Umbas and Chaidir A. Mochtar

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:71

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Holmium laser lithotripsy is the most common technique for the management of ureteral stone. Studies founded that holmium laser firing can produce heat which will cause thermal injury towards ureter. The aim o...

    Authors: Hui Liang, Lijian Liang, Yin Yu, Bin Huang, Jia’nan Chen, Chaoguo Wang, Zhangguo Zhu and Xiaozhong Liang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:69

    Content type: Research article

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  4. To determine if the number of endoscopic treatments of urethral stricture disease (USD) prior to urethroplasty has changed in the context of new AUA guidelines on management of USD. In addition to an increase ...

    Authors: Matthew J. Moynihan, Bryan Voelzke, Jeremy Myers, Benjamin N. Breyer, Bradley Erickson, Sean P. Elliott, Nejd Alsikafi, Jill Buckley, Lee Zhao, Thomas Smith and Alex J. Vanni

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:68

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Conventional Percutaneous Lithotripsy (PCNL) has been an effective, successful and easy approach for especially > 1 cm sized calyceal stones however risks of complications and nephron loss are inevitable. Our ...

    Authors: Giorgio Bozzini, Tahsin Batuhan Aydogan, Alexander Müller, Maria Chiara Sighinolfi, Umberto Besana, Alberto Calori, Berti Lorenzo, Alexander Govorov, Dmitry Y. Pushkar, Giovannalberto Pini, Antonio Luigi Pastore, Javier Romero-Otero, Bernardo Rocco and Carlo Buizza

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:67

    Content type: Research article

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  6. To compare the perioperative outcomes of transperitoneal laparoscopic (TLA), retroperitoneal laparoscopic (RLA), and robot-assisted transperitoneal laparoscopic (RATLA) adrenalectomy for adrenal tumors in our ...

    Authors: Changwei Ji, Qun Lu, Wei Chen, Feifei Zhang, Hao Ji, Shiwei Zhang, Xiaozhi Zhao, Xiaogong Li, Gutian Zhang and Hongqian Guo

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:66

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Encrustation of ureteral double J stents is a common complication that may affect its removal. The aim of the proposed study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a new oral composition to prevent double J...

    Authors: Carlos Torrecilla, Jaime Fernández-Concha, José R. Cansino, Juan A. Mainez, José H. Amón, Simbad Costas, Oriol Angerri, Esteban Emiliani, Miguel A. Arrabal Martín, Miguel A. Arrabal Polo, Ana García, Manuel C. Reina, Juan F. Sánchez, Alberto Budía, Daniel Pérez-Fentes, Félix Grases…

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:65

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Bladder cancer (BC) treatment can have a detrimental effect on the sexual organs of patients and yet assessment of sexual health needs has been greatly overlooked for these patients compared to those who have ...

    Authors: Agustina Bessa, Rebecca Martin, Christel Häggström, Deborah Enting, Suzanne Amery, Muhammad Shamim Khan, Fidelma Cahill, Harriet Wylie, Samantha Broadhead, Kathryn Chatterton, Sachin Malde, Rajesh Nair, Ramesh Thurairaja, Pardeep Kumar, Anna Haire, Saran Green…

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:64

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis (XGP) is an uncommon form of chronic pyelonephritis. Most patients of XGP are diffuse in radiology and the clinical features are typical.

    Authors: Xiaobo Ding, Gang Wang, Tiejun Wang, Xiaobo Ma and Yanbo Wang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:63

    Content type: Case report

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  10. Evaluating the usefulness of treatment requires a direct measurement of the health-related quality of life (QOL). Therefore, this study was carried out aiming to determine the QOL of patients with MS and voidi...

    Authors: Fatemeh Nazari, Vahid Shaygannejad, Mehrdad Mohammadi Sichani, Marjan Mansourian and Valiollah Hajhashemi

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:62

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Kidney cancer is a lethal neoplasm that affects several thousands of people every year. Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most common histologic type. Recent developments in the therapeutic approach include an...

    Authors: G. Tsironis, M. Liontos, A. Kyriazoglou, K. Koutsoukos, A. Tsiara, M. Kaparelou, R. Zakopoulou, A. Cohen, E. Skafida, S. Fontara, F. Zagouri, A. Bamias and M. A. Dimopoulos

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:60

    Content type: Research article

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  12. It is well known that androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) can inevitably drive prostate cancer (PCa) cells into a castration-resistant state. According to the “Warburg effect”, the metabolism of aggressive tumo...

    Authors: Ximing Li, Zhi Chen, Zuan Li, Guihai Huang, Junhao Lin, Qiang Wei, Jianbo Liang and Wei Li

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:61

    Content type: Research article

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  13. During transurethral resection of bladder tumours (TURB), radio-frequency (RF) currents can lead to adverse neuromuscular stimulation (NMS). Here we present a novel ex vivo method to determine the risk of RF g...

    Authors: Ulrich Biber, Ovidiu Jurjut, Markus D. Enderle and Wilhelm K. Aicher

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:59

    Content type: Technical advance

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  14. Posterior tibial nerve stimulation (PTNS) is a promising treatment for lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in patients with MS. However, long term data focusing on PTNS impact on health-related quality of life...

    Authors: Giulia I. Lane, Yang Mao-Draayer, Paholo Barboglio-Romo, J. Quentin Clemens, Priyanka Gupta, Rod Dunn, Yongmei Qin, Anne P. Cameron and John T. Stoffel

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:58

    Content type: Study protocol

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  15. Penile squamous cell carcinoma (PSCC) represents an important public health problem for developing countries. The major prognostic factors in PSCC are pathological subtype, perineural invasion, lymphovascular ...

    Authors: Chen Hu, Yu Bai, Jun Li, Guoyin Zhang, Libo Yang, Chengwei Bi, Bin Zhao, Yong Yang, Ruiqian Li, Hongyi Wu, Qilin Wang and Yang Qin

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:57

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Over the last few years the number of flexible ureterorenoscopies, used for renal stone treatment, has risen steadily. This was associated with an increase in costs for maintenance and repair of the fragile ur...

    Authors: Maximilian Pallauf, Sabina Sevcenco, Christopher Steiner, Martin Drerup, Michael Mitterberger, Daniela Colleselli, Lukas Lusuardi and Thomas Kunit

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:56

    Content type: Research article

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  17. For patients over the age of 70 years, sacral neuromodulation (SNM) is often not considered a potential therapeutic option. We therefore report on our results from performing SNM in elderly patients ≥70 years.

    Authors: Sandra Schönburg, Tobias Bukethal and Paolo Fornara

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:55

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Kidney triplication is a rare urological abnormality. Association of triplex kidney and ureterocele is out of ordinary. Treatment of such patients usually implies heminephrureterectomy of the upper moiety. We ...

    Authors: I. B. Osipov, D. A. Lebedev and M. V. Lifanova

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:54

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Non-Hodgkin lymphomas, which include Burkitt’s lymphoma, affect the prostate in only 0.1% of cases. They most commonly present as painless lymphadenopathy elsewhere in the body and can cause abdominal or thora...

    Authors: Marcus Derigs, Anika Pehl, Jorge Riera-Knorrenschild, Rainer Hofmann and Axel Hegele

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:53

    Content type: Case report

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  20. To evaluate the relationship between omentin-1 and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). BPH is the most common urological disease in elderly men worldwide. Lower serum omentin-1 levels were reported to be negat...

    Authors: Haiqing He, Shuiqing Wu, Jun Hao, Long Wang, Kai Ai, Xuan Zhu, Ran Xu, Xiaokun Zhao, Yinhuai Wang and Zhaohui Zhong

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:52

    Content type: Research article

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  21. To assess the current evidence on the effectiveness and safety of Contasure-Needleless (C-NDL) versus transobturator slings (TOT/TVT-O) in the management of female stress urinary incontinence (SUI).

    Authors: Zhenkai Luo, Binbin Jiao, Hang Zhao, Hailong Liu, Shicong Lai and Guan Zhang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:51

    Content type: Research article

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  22. To determine risk factors for postoperative fever (POF) after retrograding intrarenal surgery (RIRS) and a nomogram for prediction of POF in patients undertaking RIRS has been developed based on the risk facto...

    Authors: Zhong-yu Jian, Yu-cheng Ma, Ran Liu, Hong Li and Kunjie Wang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:50

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Inflammation is often associated with several bladder dysfunctions, including overactive bladder (OAB) and interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/PBS). As such, inflammation of the bladder and the act...

    Authors: Zane Stromberga, Russ Chess-Williams and Christian Moro

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:48

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Bosniak III and IV cysts have a high risk of malignancy and have traditionally been managed surgically. However, growing evidence suggests that many can be managed by active surveillance. The main objective of...

    Authors: Félix Couture, Antonio Finelli, Amélie Tétu, Bimal Bhindi, Rodney H. Breau, Anil Kapoor, Wassim Kassouf, Luke Lavallée, Simon Tanguay, Philippe D. Violette and Patrick O. Richard

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:47

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Our purpose was to study the relationship of the 3 different types of endoscopic calcifications of the renal papilla (Randall’s plaque, intratubular calcification, papillary crater) with the type of stone and ...

    Authors: X.A. Sabaté Arroyo, F. Grases Freixedas, J. L. Bauzà Quetglas, J. Guimerà Garcia and E. Pieras Ayala

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:46

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Male circumcision confers partial protection against heterosexual HIV acquisition among men. The President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) has supported > 18,900,000 voluntary medical male circumcisi...

    Authors: Todd J. Lucas, Carlos Toledo, Stephanie M. Davis, D. Heather Watts, Joseph S. Cavanaugh, Valerian Kiggundu, Anne G. Thomas, Elijah Odoyo-June, Collen Bonnecwe, Tintswalo Hilda Maringa, Enilda Martin, Ambrose Wanyonyi Juma, Sinokuthemba Xaba, Shirish Balachandra, Jotamo Come, Marcos Canda…

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:45

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Relaxin is an endogenous protein that has been shown to have antifibrotic properties in various organ systems. There has been no characterization of relaxin’s role in the human bladder. Our objective was to ch...

    Authors: Edward C. Diaz, Mason Briggs, Yan Wen, Guobing Zhuang, Shannon L. Wallace, Amy D. Dobberfuhl, Chia-Sui Kao and Bertha C. Chen

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:44

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Medical expulsive therapy (MET) is recommended for ureteral stones when there is no indication for interventional treatment. Spontaneous passage (SP) may not always be perceived in patients undergoing MET. We ...

    Authors: Nusret Can Cilesiz, Arif Ozkan, Arif Kalkanli, Ali Eroglu, Cem Tuğrul Gezmis, Berkan Simsek and Burak Arslan

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:42

    Content type: Research article

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  29. DA-8010 is a novel compound developed for the treatment of overactive bladder (OAB) and urinary incontinence. The aims of this study were to investigate the effects of DA-8010 on OAB in a rat model.

    Authors: Jin Bong Choi, Seung Hwan Jeon, Eun Bi Kwon, Woong Jin Bae, Hyuk Jin Cho, U-Syn Ha, Sung-Hoo Hong, Ji Youl Lee and Sae Woong Kim

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:41

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Testicular sex cord stromal tumors (SCSTs) are managed similarly to germ cell tumors (GCTs); however, few studies have directly compared outcomes between these tumor types. Using the National Cancer Database (...

    Authors: Kyle B. Zuniga, Samuel L. Washington III, Sima P. Porten and Maxwell V. Meng

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:40

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Urology 2020 20:103

  31. FTO is known to be associated with body mass and obesity in humans and its over-expression affects the energy metabolism of cancer cells. The aim of the present study is to investigate the biological role of F...

    Authors: Lijie Wen, Xianwei Pan, Yang Yu and Bo Yang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:39

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Wide-spectrum antibiotics have been favored to treat acute uncomplicated cystitis (AUC) for a long time, leading to the emergence of multi-drug resistant bacteria. We hypothesize that narrow-spectrum antibioti...

    Authors: Dai Koguchi, Yasukiyo Murakami, Masaomi Ikeda, Masato Dobashi and Junichiro Ishii

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:38

    Content type: Research article

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  33. To evaluate the efficacy of submucosal injection of triamcinolone acetonide for the treatment of type II/III interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome.

    Authors: Tao Jiang, Xiaozhou Zhou, Zhipeng Chen, Tailin Xiong, Jian Fu, Zhengchao Liu, Dishi Yan, Zhansong Zhou and Wenhao Shen

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:36

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Duplex kidneys are one of the most common renal congenital abnormalities, mostly asymptomatic and of no clinical significance. There are little reports about the left ureterocele and stone of calyceal divertic...

    Authors: Yang Pan, Gang Chen, Han Chen, Yunxiao Zhu and Hualin Chen

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:35

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  35. Persistent or recurrent haemospermia often occurs in individuals with ejaculatory duct obstruction (EDO). This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of transurethral resection of the ejaculatory duct...

    Authors: Zheng-Ju Ren, Bo Yang, Dong-liang Lu, Sheng-Zhuo Liu, Lu-Chen Yang, Lin Cun Wang, Zhu-Feng Peng, Liang-Ren Liu and Qiang Dong

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:34

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Sigmoid bowel perforation is a very rare and serious complication of the retropubic tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) procedure for female stress urinary incontinence. The complication can be avoided with the us...

    Authors: Xiao Huang, Hai Jiang and Liping Xie

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:33

    Content type: Case report

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  37. A routine blood examination is one of the most rapid, convenient and inexpensive clinical examinations that can reflect a patient’s inflammatory status and other blood conditions, and the prognostic value of r...

    Authors: Jingqi Zhang, Xiaozhou Zhou, Hua Ding, Liwei Wang, Sha Liu, Yuting Liu and Zhiwen Chen

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:31

    Content type: Research article

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  38. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of transurethral thulium laser en bloc resection of the bladder tumor (TmLRBT) in patients with non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) and to investigate whether a...

    Authors: Wenhao Zhou, Wei Wang, Wenbo Wu, Tingmang Yan, Guofang Du and Haitao Liu

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:30

    Content type: Technical advance

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  39. The robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) has been widely applied in recent years; however, only a few studies are reported about long-term urinary continence after surgery. The present study aimed to ex...

    Authors: Xing Li, Huan Zhang, Zhuo Jia, Yunpeng Wang, Yong Song, Limin Liao and Xu Zhang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:29

    Content type: Research article

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  40. To compare the safety and efficacy of retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) and modified Ultra-mini percutaneous nephrolithotomy (UMP) in semi-supine combined lithotomy position for the management of 1.5–3.5 cm...

    Authors: Zhuohang Li, Cong Lai, Arvind K. Shah, Weibin Xie, Cheng Liu, Li Huang, Kuiqing Li, Hao Yu and Kewei Xu

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:27

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Steep Trendelenburg position (ST) during robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) poses a risk of increase in intraocular pressure (IOP) in men receiving robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP). The aim...

    Authors: Yuko Shirono, Itsuhiro Takizawa, Takashi Kasahara, Ryo Maruyama, Kazutoshi Yamana, Toshiki Tanikawa, Noboru Hara, Yuta Sakaue, Tetsuya Togano, Tsutomu Nishiyama, Takeo Fukuchi and Yoshihiko Tomita

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:26

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) remains a primary treatment for localized prostate cancer (PCa) even though there is no evidence that its use is beneficial in the absence of curative treatment.

    Authors: Heikki Seikkula, Peter J. Boström, Karri Seppä, Janne Pitkäniemi, Nea Malila and Antti Kaipia

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:25

    Content type: Research article

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  43. The clinical landscape of prostate biopsy (PB) is evolving with changes in procedures and techniques. Moreover, antibiotic resistance is increasing and influences the efficacy of pre-biopsy prophylactic regime...

    Authors: Sofie C. M. Tops, Evert L. Koldewijn, Diederik M. Somford, Anita M. P. Huis, Eva Kolwijck, Heiman F. L. Wertheim, Marlies E. J. L. Hulscher and J. P. Michiel Sedelaar

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:24

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Acute pyelonephritis (APN) with obstructive uropathy often causes sepsis. Recently, sepsis was redefined using the sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score, based on the new Sepsis-3 criteria. We inves...

    Authors: Mitsuhiro Tambo, Satoru Taguchi, Yu Nakamura, Takatsugu Okegawa and Hiroshi Fukuhara

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:23

    Content type: Research article

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  • BMC Urology works with with Cochrane Urology in providing our authors with expert advice on systematic reviews and meta-analyses

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