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  1. Patients with non-acute spinal cord injury that carry indwelling urinary catheters have an increased risk of urinary tract infection (UTIs). Antiseptic Silver Alloy-Coated Silicone Urinary Catheters seems to b...

    Authors: Xavier Bonfill, David Rigau, María Luisa Jáuregui-Abrisqueta, Juana María Barrera Chacón, Sebastián Salvador de la Barrera, Carolina María Alemán-Sánchez, Manuel Bea-Muñoz, Susana Moraleda Pérez, Albert Borau Duran, Juan Ramón Espinosa Quirós, Luís Ledesma Romano, Manuel Esteban Fuertes, Ignacio Araya and Ma José Martínez-Zapata
    Citation: BMC Urology 2013 13:38
  2. Imprinting is an important epigenetic regulator of gene expression that is often disrupted in cancer. While loss of imprinting (LOI) has been reported for two genes in prostate cancer (IGF2 and TFPI2), disease-re...

    Authors: Daniel I Jacobs, Yingying Mao, Alan Fu, William Kevin Kelly and Yong Zhu
    Citation: BMC Urology 2013 13:37
  3. Villous adenoma arising in the urinary tract is rare tumor. Most cases have been identified as benign neoplasm in the colon. Villous adenoma of the gastrointestinal tract is thought arise from premalignant pol...

    Authors: Yoichiro Kato, Susumu Konari, Wataru Obara, Tamotsu Sugai and Tomoaki Fujioka
    Citation: BMC Urology 2013 13:36
  4. To eradicate hospital-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) using a stepwise infection control strategy that includes an avoidance of antimicrobial prophylaxis (AMP) based on surgical wound ...

    Authors: Manabu Tatokoro, Kazunori Kihara, Hitoshi Masuda, Masaya Ito, Soichiro Yoshida, Toshiki Kijima, Minato Yokoyama, Kazutaka Saito, Fumitaka Koga, Satoru Kawakami and Yasuhisa Fujii
    Citation: BMC Urology 2013 13:35
  5. Using the isovolumetric bladder rhythmic contraction (BRC) model in anesthetized rats, we have quantified the responsiveness to unilateral and bilateral stimulation of the L6 spinal nerve (SN) and characterize...

    Authors: Xin Su, Angela Nickles and Dwight E Nelson
    Citation: BMC Urology 2013 13:34
  6. Vancomycin-resistant enterococci are a leading cause of hospital-acquired urinary tract infection and a growing concern for the clinician. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of daptomycin ...

    Authors: Divya Pradeep Ramaswamy, Maria Amodio-Groton and Stephen J Scholand
    Citation: BMC Urology 2013 13:33
  7. To date, elective nephron-sparing surgery is an established method for the exstirpation of renal tumors. While open partial nephrectomy remains the reference standard of the management of renal masses, laparos...

    Authors: Hagen Loertzer, Arne Strauß, Rolf Herrmann Ringert and Philine Schneider
    Citation: BMC Urology 2013 13:31
  8. Nocturia is defined as waking one or more times during the night due to the urge to void. Recently, the effectiveness of several sedatives and analgesics for nocturia has been reported. We herein investigated ...

    Authors: Takashi Kawahara, Satoshi Morita, Hiroki Ito, Hideyuki Terao, Ryoko Sakata, Hitoshi Ishiguro, Katsuyuki Tanaka, Hiroshi Miyamoto, Junichi Matsuzaki, Yoshinobu Kubota and Hiroji Uemura
    Citation: BMC Urology 2013 13:30
  9. The present study was aimed at determining the prophylactic efficacy of American cranberry (AC) extract (Cysticlean®) in women with recurrent symptomatic postcoital urinary tract infections (PCUTI), non-consum...

    Authors: Francisco Sánchez Ballester, Vicente Ruiz Vidal, Emilio López Alcina, Cristina Domenech Perez, Eva Escudero Fontano, Ana María Oltra Benavent, Ana Montoliu García and Marco Andrés Sobrón Bustamante
    Citation: BMC Urology 2013 13:28
  10. Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a histopathologically and molecularly heterogeneous disease with the chromophobe subtype (chRCC) accounting for approximately 5% of all cases. The median overall survival of advan...

    Authors: Balaji Venugopal, Jawaher Ansari, Michael Aitchison, Lye Mun Tho, Roderick Campbell and Rob J Jones
    Citation: BMC Urology 2013 13:26
  11. Matrix Metalloproteinases (MMPs) are key molecules for tumor growth, invasion and metastasis. Over-expression of different MMPs in tumor tissues can disturb the homeostasis and increase the level of various bo...

    Authors: Mohammed A Mohammed, Manar F Seleim, Mohga S Abdalla, Hayat M Sharada and Abdel Hady A Abdel Wahab
    Citation: BMC Urology 2013 13:25
  12. Prior studies have compared the effect of spinal cord injury elicited using distinct approaches on motor and visceral function. However, the impact of such discrete modes of injury specifically on bladder musc...

    Authors: Abhishek Seth, Yeun Goo Chung, Daniel Kim, Aruna Ramachandran, Vivian Cristofaro, Pablo Gomez III, Duong Tu, Lin Huang, Larry I Benowitz, Dolores Di Vizio, Maryrose P Sullivan and Rosalyn M Adam
    Citation: BMC Urology 2013 13:24
  13. The management of patients with high-grade non muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) brings diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. In the current study, we sought to study the natural history of progression t...

    Authors: Guy Hidas, Dov Pode, Amos Shapiro, Ran Katz, Liat Appelbaum, Galina Pizov, Kevin C Zorn, Ezekiel H Landau, Mordechai Duvdevani and Ofer N Gofrit
    Citation: BMC Urology 2013 13:23
  14. Pheochromocytoma (paraganglioma) of the urinary bladder is a rare tumor. Herein we sought to review the contemporary literature on pheochromocytomas of the urinary bladder in order to further illustrate the pr...

    Authors: Jonathan A Beilan, Adrienne Lawton, Julio Hajdenberg and Charles J Rosser
    Citation: BMC Urology 2013 13:22
  15. Recent reports have suggested that laparoendoscopic single site (LESS) surgery is technically feasible. The aim of this study was to describe our initial experience with LESS adrenalectomy for benign adrenal t...

    Authors: Akira Sasaki, Hiroyuki Nitta, Koki Otsuka, Satoshi Nishizuka, Shigeaki Baba, Akira Umemura, Keisuke Koeda, Masaru Mizuno and Go Wakabayashi
    Citation: BMC Urology 2013 13:21
  16. Sequential compression devices (SCDs) are commonly used for thromboprophylaxis in postoperative patients but compliance is often poor. We investigated causes for noncompliance, examining both hospital and pati...

    Authors: David F Ritsema, Jennifer M Watson, Amanda P Stiteler and Mike M Nguyen
    Citation: BMC Urology 2013 13:20
  17. In this population-based study, we investigated the degree of concordance between Gleason scores obtained from prostate biopsies and those obtained from prostatectomy specimens, as well as the determinants of ...

    Authors: Elisabetta Rapiti, Robin Schaffar, Christophe Iselin, Raymond Miralbell, Marie-Françoise Pelte, Damien Weber, Roberto Zanetti, Isabelle Neyroud-Caspar and Christine Bouchardy
    Citation: BMC Urology 2013 13:19
  18. Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy (BPH) is said to affect at least a third of men over 60. However, the literature contains fewer than 200 reports of prostates over 200g in mass - Giant Prostatic Hypertrophy (GPH)....

    Authors: Robert M Learney, Sachin Malde, Mark Downes and Nitin Shrotri
    Citation: BMC Urology 2013 13:18
  19. Low nuclear expression of the RNA-binding motif protein 3 (RBM3) has previously been found to be associated with poor prognosis in several cancer forms e.g. breast, ovarian, colorectal, prostate cancer and mal...

    Authors: Karolina Boman, Ulrika Segersten, Göran Ahlgren, Jakob Eberhard, Mathias Uhlén, Karin Jirström and Per-Uno Malmström
    Citation: BMC Urology 2013 13:17
  20. During the last few decades, marital tensions and stresses have influenced various dimensions of life. The objective of the current study was to examine the effects of combined psycho-physiological therapy (st...

    Authors: Roohallah Bay, Shaiful Bahari Ismail, Wan Mohd Zahiruddin and Wan Nor Arifin
    Citation: BMC Urology 2013 13:16
  21. The objective of this study is to determine in a case series (four patients) how calcified deposits in renal papillae are associated with the development of calcium oxalate monohydrate (COM) papillary calculi.

    Authors: Fèlix Grases, Antonia Costa-Bauzá, Rafel M Prieto, Antonio Conte and Antonio Servera
    Citation: BMC Urology 2013 13:14
  22. Studies of the impact of type 2 diabetes on the prevalence and incidence of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) among men have provided divergent results. We sought to examine this issue using two large and di...

    Authors: Stephen K Van Den Eeden, Assiamira Ferrara, Jun Shan, Steven J Jacobsen, Virginia P Quinn, Reina Haque and Charles P Quesenberry
    Citation: BMC Urology 2013 13:12
  23. This review summarizes recent literature on advances regarding renal and ureteral calculi, with particular focus in areas of recent advances in the overall field of urolithiasis. Clinical management in everyda...

    Authors: Marco Rosa, Paolo Usai, Roberto Miano, Fernando J Kim, Enrico Finazzi Agrò, Pierluigi Bove and Salvatore Micali
    Citation: BMC Urology 2013 13:10
  24. Malignant transformation describes the phenomenon in which a somatic component of a germ cell teratoma undergoes malignant differentiation. A variety of different types of sarcoma and carcinoma, all non-germ c...

    Authors: Nina Zeh, Peter J Wild, Peter K Bode, Glen Kristiansen, Holger Moch, Tullio Sulser and Thomas Hermanns
    Citation: BMC Urology 2013 13:9
  25. The hand-assisted technique enables the rapid extraction of the graft, shortening the warm ischemia time (WIT), and the retroperitoneoscopic approach is potentially associated with a less incidence of postoper...

    Authors: Kei Arai, Tsutomu Nishiyama, Noboru Hara, Takashi Kasahara, Kazuhide Saito and Kota Takahashi
    Citation: BMC Urology 2013 13:7
  26. We sought to improve prostate cancer (PC) detection through developing a prostate biopsy clinical decision rule (PBCDR), based on an elevated PSA and laboratory biomarkers. This decision rule could be used aft...

    Authors: Owen T Hill, Thomas J Mason, Skai W Schwartz and Philip R Foulis
    Citation: BMC Urology 2013 13:6
  27. Urinary bladder carcinoma stage T1 is an unpredictable disease that in some cases has a good prognosis with only local or no recurrence, but in others can appear as a more aggressive tumor with progression to ...

    Authors: Hans Olsson, Per Hultman, Johan Rosell, Peter Söderkvist and Staffan Jahnson
    Citation: BMC Urology 2013 13:5
  28. Prostate cancer is the second most commonly diagnosed cancer in American men over the age of 45 years and is the third most common cause of cancer related deaths in American men. In 2012 it is estimated that 2...

    Authors: Diego A Palacios, Makito Miyake and Charles J Rosser
    Citation: BMC Urology 2013 13:4
  29. Papillary renal cell carcinoma is a rare cancer. Some cases can be attributed to individuals with hereditary renal cell carcinomas usually consisting of the clear cell subtype. In addition, two syndromes with ...

    Authors: Carl Ludwig Behnes, Christina Schlegel, Moneef Shoukier, Isabella Magiera, Frank Henschke, Alexander Schwarz, Felix Bremmer and Hagen Loertzer
    Citation: BMC Urology 2013 13:3
  30. COX-2 inhibitors have an antitumor potential and have been verified by many researchers. Treatment of cancer cells with external stressors such as irradiation can stimulate the over-expression of COX-2 and pos...

    Authors: Takeshi Inoue, Satoshi Anai, Sayuri Onishi, Makito Miyake, Nobumichi Tanaka, Akihide Hirayama, Kiyohide Fujimoto and Yoshihiko Hirao
    Citation: BMC Urology 2013 13:1
  31. Bladder cancer is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality with a high recurrence rate. Early detection of bladder cancer is essential in order to remove the tumor, to preserve the organ and to avoid met...

    Authors: Alexis Rivas, Verónica Burzio, Eduardo Landerer, Vincenzo Borgna, Sebastian Gatica, Rodolfo Ávila, Constanza López, Claudio Villota, Rodrigo de la Fuente, Javiera Echenique, Luis O Burzio and Jaime Villegas
    Citation: BMC Urology 2012 12:37
  32. Few reports can be found in the literature with respect to the impact of neoadjuvant hormonal therapy (NHT) on operative parameters on laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP) in a large study. The aim of this...

    Authors: Taku Naiki, Noriyasu Kawai, Takehiko Okamura, Daisuke Nagata, Yoshiyuki Kojima, Hidetoshi Akita, Takahiro Yasui, Keiichi Tozawa and Kenjiro Kohri
    Citation: BMC Urology 2012 12:36
  33. Prostaglandins play an important role in ureteral obstruction, but the detailed expression profiles of the prostaglandin receptors (PTGER1, PTGER2, PTGER3, PTGER4, PTGFR) remain unknown in the different parts ...

    Authors: Matthias Oll, Claudia Baumann, Turang E Behbahani, Alexander von Ruecker, Stefan C Müller and Jörg Ellinger
    Citation: BMC Urology 2012 12:35
  34. To the best of our knowledge this is the first case where a Silastic drain is used in ureteral surgery instead of a common urological stent. Patients coming from other institutions, especially in peripheral ar...

    Authors: Girolamo Fiorini, Giorgio Pomara, Francesca Manassero, Andrea Mogorovich, Lorenzo Faggioni and Cesare Selli
    Citation: BMC Urology 2012 12:34
  35. Guideline recommendations on therapy in urinary tract infections are based on antibiotic resistance rates. Due to a lack of surveillance data, little is known about resistance rates in uncomplicated urinary tr...

    Authors: Guido Schmiemann, Ildikó Gágyor, Eva Hummers-Pradier and Jutta Bleidorn
    Citation: BMC Urology 2012 12:33
  36. Zinc in human seminal plasma is divided into three types of ligands which are high (HMW), intermediate (IMW), and low molecular weight ligands (LMW). The present study was aimed to study the effect of Zn suppl...

    Authors: Mahmoud Hussein Hadwan, Lamia A Almashhedy and Abdul Razzaq S Alsalman
    Citation: BMC Urology 2012 12:32
  37. Secondary urethral stone although rare, commonly arises from the kidneys, bladder or are seen in patients with urethral stricture. These stones are either found in the posterior or anterior urethra and do resu...

    Authors: Linus I Okeke, Augustine O Takure, Sikiru A Adebayo, Olukayode Y Oluyemi and Abimbola AA Oyelekan
    Citation: BMC Urology 2012 12:31
  38. Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in aging men are often associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). While regulatory evaluations of treatment benefit require an assessment of specific symptoms, a si...

    Authors: Lars Viktrup, Risa P Hayes, Ping Wang and Wei Shen
    Citation: BMC Urology 2012 12:30
  39. To clarify the significant clinicopathological and postdosimetric parameters to predict PSA bounce in patients who underwent low-dose-rate brachytherapy (LDR-brachytherapy) for prostate cancer.

    Authors: Nobumichi Tanaka, Isao Asakawa, Kiyohide Fujimoto, Satoshi Anai, Akihide Hirayama, Masatoshi Hasegawa, Noboru Konishi and Yoshihiko Hirao
    Citation: BMC Urology 2012 12:28
  40. SPAG16 is a critical structural component of motile cilia and flagella. In the eukaryotic unicellular algae Chlamydomonas, loss of gene function causes flagellar paralysis and prevents assembly of the “9 + 2” axo...

    Authors: David R Nagarkatti-Gude, Giulia Collodel, Lori D Hill, Elena Moretti, Michela Geminiani, Zhibing Zhang and Jerome F Strauss III
    Citation: BMC Urology 2012 12:27

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