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  1. Urinary incontinence (UI) is a common worldwide rising health issue among women with a prevalence of 5 to 70%. Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is the most common subtype of UI. There are different treatments...

    Authors: Pourya Shokri, Ladan Kharaz, Niki Talebian, Nasrin Borumandnia, Seyed Amir Mohsen Ziaee and Nasser Shakhssalim
    Citation: BMC Urology 2023 23:97
  2. To compare the efficacy and safety of standard percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) with mini- PCNL for kidney stones 2–4 cm.

    Authors: Mohamed Wishahi, Ahmed El Feel, Amr Elkhouly, Abdullah Fahmy, Mamdouh Roshdy, Ahmed G Elbaz, Ahmed I Kamel, Mohamed Badawy, Khaled Elesaily, Samir Eldahshan, Ayman Ali, Ahmed Meheina and Mohamed Abdelwahed
    Citation: BMC Urology 2023 23:96
  3. Scrotal swelling from varicocele is a common complaint in adult men. Varicocele due to portosystemic collaterals is a rare presentation of portal hypertension. Imaging workup and intervention for varicocele in...

    Authors: Ayah Megahed, Todd Schlachter and Joshua Cornman-Homonoff
    Citation: BMC Urology 2023 23:94
  4. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound in percutaneous nephrolithotomy (CEUS-PCNL) is an economical and practical technique for the treatment of patients with renal stones without significant collecting system dilatatio...

    Authors: Li Wang, Kun-peng Li, Shan Yin, Lin Yang and Ping-yu Zhu
    Citation: BMC Urology 2023 23:93
  5. We report the successful management of a paratesticular liposarcoma, which, to the best of our knowledge, is the largest known of its type. A 62-year-old male presented with a painless, gradually progressive l...

    Authors: Cem Aksoy, Philipp Karschuck, Marcus Derigs, Selim Sevinc, Christer Groeben, Aristeidis Zacharis, Luka Flegar, Anika Pehl, Johannes Huber and Subhajit Mandal
    Citation: BMC Urology 2023 23:92
  6. Comparing the long-term tumor control results of partial cystectomy(PC)and radical cystectomy(RC)in the treatment of muscle-invasive bladder cancer, and to explore the feasible method of bladder preservation t...

    Authors: Bin Zhang, Tengfei Liu, Yang He, Dali Han, Peng Qi, Duo Zheng, Junyao Liu, Xingxing Zhang, Zhongjin Yue and Panfeng Shang
    Citation: BMC Urology 2023 23:91
  7. The prognostic value of Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) in non-clear cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is still unclear. The aim of this study is to evaluate the prognostic impact of HGF expression in a large coh...

    Authors: Maximilian Erlmeier, Marie Mikuteit, Stefanie Zschäbitz, Michael Autenrieth, Wilko Weichert, Arndt Hartmann, Sandra Steffens and Franziska Erlmeier
    Citation: BMC Urology 2023 23:90
  8. In intermediate-risk non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) clinical guidelines suggest an adjuvant instillation with a chemotherapeutic agent. However, the agent and regimen are not clearly defined. World...

    Authors: Roland Seiler, Martin Egger, Marta De Menna, Saskia Wehrli, Martina Minoli, Martina Radić, Pavel Lyatoshinsky, Raphael Hösli, Jennifer Blarer, Dominik Abt and Marianna Kruithof-de Julio
    Citation: BMC Urology 2023 23:89
  9. Urothelial carcinoma arises from the inner urothelial membrane of the renal pelvis, ureter, and bladder and often causes macrohematuria. Here, we report a rare case in which the patient developed non-symptomat...

    Authors: Akira Ohtsu, Seiji Arai, Yuji Fujizuka, Reon Fukuda, Keisuke Hori, Yuki Morimura, Rintaro Kawahara, Takuya Shiraishi, Hiroomi Ogawa, Yoshiyuki Miyazawa, Masashi Nomura, Yoshitaka Sekine, Hidekazu Koike, Hiroshi Matsui and Kazuhiro Suzuki
    Citation: BMC Urology 2023 23:88
  10. Lifelong premature ejaculation (LPE) is one of the most common ejaculatory dysfunctions in men. The serotonin (5-HT) synthesis rate-limiting enzyme (TPH2) and receptor (HTR1A) in the 5-HT regulatory system may pl...

    Authors: Fei Wang, Defan Luo, Jianxiang Chen, Cuiqing Pan, Zhongyao Wang, Housheng Fu, Jianbing Xu, Meng Yang, Shaowei Mo, Liying Zhuang and Weifu Wang
    Citation: BMC Urology 2023 23:86
  11. Collecting system entry in robot-assisted partial nephrectomy may occur even in cases showing a low N factor in the R.E.N.A.L nephrometry score. Therefore, in this study, we focused on the tumor contact surfac...

    Authors: Tatsuya Umemoto, Masanori Hasegawa, Soichiro Yuzuriha, Tatsuo Kano, Takahiro Ogawa, Masayoshi Kawakami, Mayura Nakano, Hakushi Kim, Masahiro Nitta, Yoshiaki Kawamura, Sunao Shoji, Ryuichi Mizuno and Akira Miyajima
    Citation: BMC Urology 2023 23:85
  12. The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical effect of laparoscopic assisted trans-scrotal orchiopexy versus traditional orchiopexy for inguinal cryptorchidism.

    Authors: Qiang Guo, Yifei Zhang, Huajian Lai, WenWen Zhong, Jianguang Qiu and Dejuan Wang
    Citation: BMC Urology 2023 23:84
  13. Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is one of the most common malignancies. Recently, immunotherapy has been considered a promising treatment for metastatic ccRCC. NUF2 is a crucial component of the Ndc80 ...

    Authors: Baishu Zheng, Shunde Wang, Xiaoyu Yuan, Junyong Zhang, Zhongjie Shen and Chengguo Ge
    Citation: BMC Urology 2023 23:82
  14. To explore the role of Trans-rectal Color Doppler Flow Imaging (TR-CDFI) and risk-stratification nomogram in a MRI-directed biopsy pathway and examine its clinical performance, via comparisons between existing...

    Authors: YiWei Guo, KaiBin Su, MinHua Lu and XiaoPeng Liu
    Citation: BMC Urology 2023 23:81
  15. Blunt trauma to the urinary bladder is common with penetrating injury being a rare occasion. Most common entry pint for penetrating injuries includes buttock, abdomen and perineum with thigh being rare. There ...

    Authors: Jay Lodhia, Alex Mremi, Bahati Robert, Adnan Sadiq, Frank bright, Orgeness Jasper Mbwambo and Bartholomeo Nicholaus Ngowi
    Citation: BMC Urology 2023 23:80
  16. We analyzed the sperm DNA fragmentation index (DFI) and general semen test based on the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria and compared the two tests using semen factors. In addition, we examined whether...

    Authors: Tsuyoshi Okubo, Noriyuki Onda, Teruaki Hayashi, Tatsuya Kobayashi, Kenji Omi and Tomoya Segawa
    Citation: BMC Urology 2023 23:78
  17. Accurate grading at the time of diagnosis is fundamental to risk stratification and treatment decision making, particularly for men being considered for Active Surveillance (AS). With the introduction of prost...

    Authors: Anika Jain, Anthony-Joe Nassour, Thomas Dean, Imogen Patterson, Lisa Tarlinton, Lawrence Kim and Henry Woo
    Citation: BMC Urology 2023 23:77
  18. To report our early experience of a novel surgical approach for penile urethral strictures after hypospadias repair, using a lateral incision to keep the ventral tissue and vasculature of the penis intact and ...

    Authors: Jianwei Wang, Xiao Xu, Zhengqing Bao, Zhenhua Liu, Guizhong Li and Feng He
    Citation: BMC Urology 2023 23:75
  19. Although the second-generation androgen receptor inhibitors and taxanes have recently been recommended for the initial treatment of metastatic prostate cancer, bicalutamide and flutamide are still used in a la...

    Authors: Daisuke Obinata, Sho Hashimoto, Hideaki Uchida, Ken Nakahara, Tsuyoshi Yoshizawa, Junichi Mochida, Kenya Yamaguchi and Satoru Takahashi
    Citation: BMC Urology 2023 23:74
  20. Worldwide, prostate cancer (PC) is the second most diagnosed cancer and the fifth leading cause of cancer death in men. Hormonal therapies, commonly used for PC, are associated with a range of treatment-emerge...

    Authors: Raf De Moor, Yosuke Koroki, David Bin-Chia Wu, Dae Young Yu, Mikiko Tohyama and Chikara Ohyama
    Citation: BMC Urology 2023 23:73
  21. Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a common chronic condition among men aged 50 or older, causing voiding and obstructive lower urinary tract symptoms. Water vapor thermal therapy (WVTT) using the Rezūm® sy...

    Authors: Junyi Yang, Weisong Wu, Yirixiatijiang Amier, Xianmiao Li, Wenlong Wan, Chang Liu, Yucong Zhang and Xiao Yu
    Citation: BMC Urology 2023 23:72
  22. De novo urothelial carcinoma (UC) is a leading cause of death after kidney transplant (KT). The efficacy of various treatments, apart from surgery, and the prognosis for patients with urothelial carcinoma after k...

    Authors: Chunkai Du, Mengmeng Zheng, Zhipeng Wang, Jian Zhang, Jun Lin, Lei Zhang, Ye Tian and Yichen Zhu
    Citation: BMC Urology 2023 23:71
  23. About one in 200 to one in 300 male births has hypospadias. The prevalence of this congenital anomaly varies worldwide. The meatus is located distally in approximately 70% of cases. Several surgical techniques...

    Authors: Basem A. Fathi, Ahmed A. Elgammal, Osama M. Ghoneimy, Ahmed A. Alrefaey, Tamer A. Abouelgreed, Mohamed A. Elhelaly and El-Sayed I. El-Agamy
    Citation: BMC Urology 2023 23:70
  24. Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) of the prostate gland is now the recommended initial investigation of choice for the detection of Prostate cancer (PCa). It effectively identifies patients wh...

    Authors: Abdallah Sharqawi, Naomi Drye, Abdul Shugaba, Alison O’reilly, Ahmed M. Kadry and A I El-Sakka
    Citation: BMC Urology 2023 23:69
  25. To assess whether completeness of pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) as measured by lymph node yield reduces biochemical recurrence (BCR) in men undergoing radical prostatectomy (RP) for prostate cancer (PCa)...

    Authors: Paul Doan, Athos Katelaris, Matthijs J. Scheltema, Andrew Hayen, Amer Amin, Amila Siriwardana, Minh Tran, Bart Geboers, William Gondoputro, Anne Maree Haynes, Jayne Matthews, Warick Delprado, Phillip D. Stricker and James Thompson
    Citation: BMC Urology 2023 23:68
  26. IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a newly discovered systemic disease that can affect any organ or tissue in the body. IgG4-related kidney disease (IgG4-RKD) is relatively rare but essential to IgG4-RD. Howeve...

    Authors: Xiao-qing Cai, Zhi-bin Chen, Huai-huai Chen, Yan-qiu Zheng and Xu-guang Yu
    Citation: BMC Urology 2023 23:67
  27. Overactive bladder (OAB) is defined as urinary urgency accompanied by frequency and nocturia, with or without urge urinary incontinence (UUI). Vibegron, a selective β3-adrenergic receptor agonist approved in the ...

    Authors: Roger R. Dmochowski, Eric S. Rovner, Michael J. Kennelly, Diane K. Newman, Laleh Abedinzadeh, Daniel Snyder, Elizabeth Thomas, Cornelia Haag-Molkenteller and Matt T. Rosenberg
    Citation: BMC Urology 2023 23:64
  28. Retroperitoneal liposarcoma (RPLPS), a rare tumor, is often treated using surgical procedures as the first choice for treatment. However, there is no consensus on the scope of surgical resection. In addition, ...

    Authors: Tuming Liao, Wei Du, Xiongcai Li, Shen He, Gangqiang Guan, Herong Zhu and Jiaqiao Wu
    Citation: BMC Urology 2023 23:63
  29. Few studies have compared the use of transabdominal ultrasound (TAUS) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to measure prostate volume (PV). In this study, we evaluate the accuracy and reliability of PV measure...

    Authors: Shikuan Guo, Jingliang Zhang, Jianhua Jiao, Zeyu Li, Peng Wu, Yuming Jing, Weijun Qin, Fuli Wang and Shuaijun Ma
    Citation: BMC Urology 2023 23:62
  30. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans are increasingly first-line investigations for suspected prostate cancer, and essential in the decision for biopsy. 5-alpha reductase inhibitor (5-ARI) use has been shown...

    Authors: Ziting Wang, Kaiying Wang, Han Yang Ong, Woon Chau Tsang, Qing Hui Wu and Edmund Chiong
    Citation: BMC Urology 2023 23:61
  31. Adrenal incidentalomas are radiologically discovered tumors that represent a variety of pathologies, with the diagnosis clinched only on surgical pathology. These tumors may be clinically monitored, but trigge...

    Authors: Chih Peng Chin, Ralph Grauer, Burak Ucpinar, Mani Menon, Qiusheng Si and Ketan K. Badani
    Citation: BMC Urology 2023 23:60
  32. To date, there is no standard established laparoscopic surgical method for managing urachal remnants because of their rarity, and several questions remain unanswered. Are there any problems for considering the...

    Authors: Hideo Yuki, Naoya Ohkubo, Ryo Kurashina, Kazumasa Sakamoto, Issei Suzuki, Kohei Takei, Hironori Betsunoh, Akinori Nukui, Masahiro Yashi and Takao Kamai
    Citation: BMC Urology 2023 23:57
  33. To compare the clinical efficiency and safety of emergency extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (eESWL) and delayed extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (dESWL) in the treatment of ureteral stones.

    Authors: Cheng-Xia Peng, Yi-Kai Lou, Li Xu, Guang-Hao Wu, Xie-Lai Zhou, Kang-Er Wang and Chun-Hua Ye
    Citation: BMC Urology 2023 23:56
  34. Kidney renal papillary cell carcinoma (KIRP) is a highly heterogeneous malignancy and current systemic therapeutic strategies are difficult to achieve a satisfactory outcome for advanced disease. Meanwhile, th...

    Authors: Yifu Liu, Xiaofeng Cheng, Ping Xi, Zhicheng Zhang, Ting Sun and Binbin Gong
    Citation: BMC Urology 2023 23:54
  35. Neobladder urolithiasis is a rare but important delaying complication of orthotopic urinary diversion. We report a case of Hem-o-Lok (HOLC) migration into the neobladder with giant stone formation after orthot...

    Authors: Shang Xu, Xin-Ning Wang, Zi-Jie Wang, Tian-Wei Zhang, Yu-Hao Zhang, Yuan-Chao Cao and Wei Jiao
    Citation: BMC Urology 2023 23:52
  36. The incidence of kidney cancer has been increasing worldwide, with variable patterns in mortality due to improved diagnostic techniques and increased survival. The mortality rates, geographical distribution an...

    Authors: J. Smith Torres-Roman, Gabriel De la Cruz-Ku, Valeria Juárez-Leon, Delahnie Calderón-Solano, Janina Bazalar-Palacios, Carlo La Vecchia and Paulo S. Pinheiro
    Citation: BMC Urology 2023 23:51
  37. To compare the efficacy and safety of bipolar transurethral vaporization of the prostate (B-TUVP) with holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) for moderate [prostate volume (PV) 30–80 ml] and large (...

    Authors: Yutaro Hayashi, Shuko Yoneyama, Akitoshi Takizawa, Kazuki Kobayashi and Hiroki Ito
    Citation: BMC Urology 2023 23:50
  38. The evidence of prognostic factors and individualized surveillance strategies for upper tract urothelial carcinoma are still weak.

    Authors: Hongda Zhao, Kang Liu, Stilianos Giannakopoulos, Emrah Yuruk, Geert De Naeyer, Mario Álvarez-Maestro, Chi-Fai Ng, Pilar Laguna, Jean De La Rosette and Jeremy Yuen-Chun Teoh
    Citation: BMC Urology 2023 23:49
  39. Dealing with the giant pheochromocytomas (maximum diameter ≥ 6 cm) has long been a tough challenge for urologists. We introduced a new retroperitoneoscopic adrenalectomy method modified with renal-rotation tec...

    Authors: Ruizhi Xue, Caoyang Hu, Zhongyi Zheng, Liang Wei, Xiaobin Yuan, Xiao Lyu, Pengliang Shen, Jun Li and Xiaoming Cao
    Citation: BMC Urology 2023 23:47

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