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  1. Content type: Research article

    Due to the lack of strong evidence to identify the relationship between antihypertensive drugs use and the risk of prostate cancer, it was needed to do a systematic review to go into the subject.

    Authors: Liang Cao, Sha Zhang, Cheng-ming Jia, Wei He, Lei-tao Wu, Ying-qi Li, Wen Wang, Zhe Li and Jing Ma

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:17

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Mannitol has been employed to ameliorate renal warm ischemia damage during partial nephrectomy, however, there is limited scientific evidence to support the use of mannitol during partial nephrectomy. The obje...

    Authors: José A. Damasceno-Ferreira, Leonardo A. S. Abreu, Gustavo R. Bechara, Waldemar S. Costa, Marco A. Pereira-Sampaio, Francisco J. B. Sampaio and Diogo B. De Souza

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:16

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Positive surgical margin (PSM) is a predictor of biochemical recurrence (BCR) following radical prostatectomy (RP). Attempts to stratify PSM based on linear length, Gleason score, location and number have fail...

    Authors: Mohammed Shahait, Samer Nassif, Hani Tamim, Deborah Mukherji, Maya Hijazi, Marwan El Sabban, Raja Khauli, Muhammad Bulbul, Wassim Abou Kheir and Albert El Hajj

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:13

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  4. Content type: Research article

    To preliminary investigate the effects of silodosin 8 mg once daily on obstruction urodynamic parameters and subjective symptoms in Caucasian patients with lower urinary tract symptoms suggestive of benign pro...

    Authors: Ferdinando Fusco, Massimiliano Creta, Nicola Longo, Francesco Persico, Marco Franco and Vincenzo Mirone

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:12

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  5. Content type: Case report

    Metastatic renal cancers are relatively common. Most are metastases to the renal parenchyma via a hematogenous route and are derived from lung, breast, and gastrointestinal cancer, malignant melanoma, and hema...

    Authors: Yasuyuki Kobayashi, Hiroki Arai, Masahito Honda, Takashi Matsumoto and Kyotaro Yoshida

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:11

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  6. Content type: Research article

    As a potential new treatment for overactive bladder (OAB), we investigated the feasibility of non-invasively activating multiple nerve targets in the lower leg.

    Authors: Eshani Sharan, Kelly Hunter, Magdy Hassouna and Paul B. Yoo

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:10

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Scrotal hemorrhage after testicular sperm aspiration (TESA) is uncommon in clinical operation. Phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors (PDE5i) are commonly given to men who have difficulty providing a sperm sample for ...

    Authors: Yong-tong Zhu, Rui Hua, Song Quan, Wan-long Tan, Qing-jun Chu and Chun-yan Wang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:8

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  8. Content type: Research article

    To identify the value of unilateral pedal lymphangiography (LPG) plus computed tomography angiography (CTA) in accurate depiction of persistent idiopathic chyluria undetectable by ordinary contrast CT.

    Authors: Dingyi Liu, Boke Liu, Weimu Xia, Qi Tang, Haidong Wang, Jian Wang, Yanfeng Zhou, Jiashun Yu, Wenmin Li, Mingwei Wang, Wenlong Zhou, Sang Hu and Yuan Shao

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:9

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  9. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed investigate the effect of the level of invasion into fibromuscular band (FMB) of prostate on the positive surgical margin (PSM) and biochemical recurrence (BCR) after radical prostatectomy (RP...

    Authors: Aram Kim, Myong Kim, Se Un Jeong, Cheryn Song, Yong Mee Cho, Jae Yoon Ro and Hanjong Ahn

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:7

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  10. Content type: Research article

    To investigate the efficacy of tamsulosin in patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and benign prostatic enlargement (BPE) with intravesical prostatic protrusion (IPP). Ultrasound measurement of the...

    Authors: L. Topazio, C. Perugia, C. De Nunzio, G. Gaziev, V. Iacovelli, D. Bianchi, G. Vespasiani and E. Finazzi Agrò

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:6

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Although numerous studies have shown that perineural invasion (PNI) is linked to prostate cancer (PCa) risk, the results have been inconsistent. This study aimed to explore the association between PNI and bioc...

    Authors: Li-jin Zhang, Bin Wu, Zhen-lei Zha, Wei Qu, Hu Zhao, Jun Yuan and Ye-jun Feng

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:5

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers in the elderly population. The standard treatment is radical prostatectomy (RARP). However, urologists do not have consents on the postoperative urine drainage...

    Authors: Zhongyu Jian, Shijian Feng, Yuntian Chen, Xin Wei, Deyi Luo, Hong Li and Kunjie Wang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2018 18:1

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  13. Content type: Research article

    This study investigated changes in the expression of cannabinoid (CB) receptors and the effects of CB1 and CB2 agonists on detrusor overactivity (DO) associated with bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) in rats.

    Authors: Sung Dae Kim, Kang Jun Cho and Joon Chul Kim

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:121

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  14. Content type: Case report

    Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) is a new and useful technique for angiographic procedures. Prostatic artery embolization (PAE) has emerged as a promising treatment modality for lower urinary tract symptom...

    Authors: Chia-Bang Chen, Chen-Te Chou and Yao-Li Chen

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:120

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  15. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate the effects of combined bladder neck preservation and posterior reconstruction techniques on early and long term urinary continence in patients treated by robotic assisted radical prostatectomy (RA...

    Authors: Riccardo Bartoletti, Andrea Mogorovich, Francesco Francesca, Giorgio Pomara and Cesare Selli

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:119

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Information on the safety of transurethral resection of bladder tumors (TURBT) in patients receiving anti-thromboembolic drugs is currently lacking. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical safety of TURBT in...

    Authors: Tsuzumi Konishi, Satoshi Washino, Yuhki Nakamura, Masashi Ohshima, Kimitoshi Saito, Yoshiaki Arai and Tomoaki Miyagawa

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:118

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  17. Content type: Research article

    This study compared the detection rates for clinically significant prostate cancer (CSPC) between magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasonography (MRI/US)-fusion-targeted biopsy (TB), systematic biopsy (SB) and...

    Authors: Yuji Hakozaki, Hisashi Matsushima, Jimpei Kumagai, Taro Murata, Tomoko Masuda, Yoko Hirai, Mai Oda, Nobuo Kawauchi, Munehiro Yokoyama and Yukio Homma

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:117

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Prostate cancer (PCa) and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) are diseases of elderly men and are related to increased oxidative stress (OS). Although prolidase has a role in collagen metabolism, it is also use...

    Authors: Faruk Kucukdurmaz, Erkan Efe, Ahmet Çelik, Hasan Dagli, Metin Kılınc and Sefa Resim

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:116

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is the third most common urological cancer in adults. Our aim is to evaluate genes and miRNAs expression profiles involved with angiogenesis and tumor characteristics in...

    Authors: Rita de Cássia Oliveira, Renato Fidelis Ivanovic, Katia Ramos Moreira Leite, Nayara Izabel Viana, Ruan César Aparecido Pimenta, José Pontes Junior, Vanessa Ribeiro Guimarães, Denis Reis Morais, Daniel Kanda Abe, Adriano João Nesrallah, Miguel Srougi, William Nahas and Sabrina Thalita Reis

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:113

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Recently, the Expanded Prostate Cancer Index Composite 26-item version (EPIC-26) was recommended for the assessment of adverse effects after the treatment of prostate cancer without clear reasons. This decisio...

    Authors: Karol Axcrona, Rasmus Nilsson, Bjørn Brennhovd, Øystein Sørebø, Sophie D. Fosså and Alv A. Dahl

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:111

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT), such as renal dysplasia, hydronephrosis, or vesicoureteral reflux, are the most common causes of end-stage renal disease. However, the genetic etio...

    Authors: Kentaro Mizuno, Akihiro Nakane, Hidenori Nishio, Yoshinobu Moritoki, Hideyuki Kamisawa, Satoshi Kurokawa, Taiki Kato, Ryosuke Ando, Tetsuji Maruyama, Takahiro Yasui and Yutaro Hayashi

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:112

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  22. Content type: Research article

    The purposes of this study were to determine whether adjuvant chemotherapy (AC) improved the prognosis of patients with high-risk upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC)and to identify the patients who...

    Authors: Kazutoshi Fujita, Kei Taneishi, Teruo Inamoto, Yu Ishizuya, Shingo Takada, Masao Tsujihata, Go Tanigawa, Noriko Minato, Shigeaki Nakazawa, Tsuyoshi Takada, Toshichika Iwanishi, Motohide Uemura, Yasushi Okuno, Haruhito Azuma and Nonomura Norio

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:110

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms have a substantial effect on quality of life (QoL). We report QoL and mental health results from a LUTS prevalence study in three Asian...

    Authors: Kyu-Sung Lee, Tag Keun Yoo, Limin Liao, Jianye Wang, Yao-Chi Chuang, Shih-Ping Liu, Romeo Chu and Budiwan Sumarsono

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:108

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  24. Content type: Research article

    To establish and internally validate an innovative R.I.R.S. scoring system that allows urologists to preoperatively estimate the stone-free rate (SFR) after retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS).

    Authors: Yinglong Xiao, Deng Li, Lei Chen, Yaoting Xu, Dingguo Zhang, Yi Shao and Jun Lu

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:105

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  25. Content type: Case report

    In recent years, the delayed side effects associated with radiotherapy for prostate cancer have drawn the interest of urologists. Although urosymphyseal fistula is one of these delayed side effects, this serio...

    Authors: Shimpei Yamashita, Yasuo Kohjimoto, Akinori Iba, Kazuro Kikkawa and Isao Hara

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:107

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) is commonly performed using the transperitoneal (TP) approach with six trocars over an 8-cm distance in the steep Trendelenburg position. In this study, we investiga...

    Authors: Satoshi Kurokawa, Yukihiro Umemoto, Kentaro Mizuno, Atsushi Okada, Akihiro Nakane, Hidenori Nishio, Shuzo Hamamoto, Ryosuke Ando, Noriyasu Kawai, Keiichi Tozawa, Yutaro Hayashi and Takahiro Yasui

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:106

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Computed Tomography (CT) is considered the gold-standard for the pre-operative evaluation of urolithiasis. However, no Hounsfield (HU) variable capable of differentiating stone types has been clearly identifie...

    Authors: Andrea Gallioli, Elisa De Lorenzis, Luca Boeri, Maurizio Delor, Stefano Paolo Zanetti, Fabrizio Longo, Alberto Trinchieri and Emanuele Montanari

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:104

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  28. Content type: Research article

    It remains controversial as to whether active stone removal should be performed in patients with poor performance status because of their short life expectancy and perioperative risks. Our objectives were to e...

    Authors: Shimpei Yamashita, Yasuo Kohjimoto, Yasuo Hirabayashi, Takashi Iguchi, Akinori Iba, Masatoshi Higuchi, Hiroyuki Koike, Takahito Wakamiya, Satoshi Nishizawa and Isao Hara

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:103

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  29. Content type: Correction

    After publication of this work [1] it was noticed the author – Jie Wang’s name was in the wrong order.

    Authors: Hai-bin Wei, Xiao-long Qi, Feng Liu, Jie Wang, Xiao-feng Ni, Qi Zhang, En-hui Li, Xuan-yu Chen and Da-hong Zhang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:100

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    The original article was published in BMC Urology 2017 17:96

  30. Content type: Research article

    In prostate cancer, men diagnosed with low risk disease may be monitored through an active surveillance. This research explored the perspectives of men with prostate cancer regarding their decision-making proc...

    Authors: Margaret Fitch, Kittie Pang, Veronique Ouellet, Carmen Loiselle, Shabbir Alibhai, Simone Chevalier, Darrel E. Drachenberg, Antonio Finelli, Jean-Baptiste Lattouf, Simon Sutcliffe, Alan So, Simon Tanguay, Fred Saad and Anne-Marie Mes-Masson

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:98

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Reconstruction of ureteral defects and strictures remains problematic for urologists. We aimed to investigate the possibility of a tapered non-vascularized bladder graft as a novel substitute for ureteral reco...

    Authors: Lujia Zou, Shanhua Mao, Shenghua Liu, Limin Zhang, Tian Yang, Yun Hu, Qiang Ding and Haowen Jiang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:97

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  32. Content type: Case report

    Renal artery aneurysm (RAA) is rare and its incidence in the general population remains elusive. There have been few reports on the repair of multiple aneurysms conducted with the Da Vinci robot-assisted surgi...

    Authors: Hai-bin Wei, Xiao-long Qi, Feng Liu, Jie Wang, Xiao-feng Ni, Qi Zhang, En-hui Li, Xuan-yu Chen and Da-hong Zhang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:96

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Urology 2017 17:100

  33. Content type: Research article

    The experience and acceptability of lifestyle interventions for men with localised prostate cancer are not well understood, yet lifestyle interventions are increasingly promoted for cancer survivors. We explor...

    Authors: Lucy E. Hackshaw-McGeagh, Eileen Sutton, Raj Persad, Jonathan Aning, Amit Bahl, Anthony Koupparis, Chris Millett, Richard M. Martin and J. Athene Lane

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:94

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  34. Content type: Study protocol

    The majority of spinal cord injury (SCI) patients have urinary issues, such as incontinence, retention, and frequency. These problems place a significant burden on patients’ physical health and quality of life...

    Authors: Darshan P. Patel, Sara M. Lenherr, John T. Stoffel, Sean P. Elliott, Blayne Welk, Angela P. Presson, Amitabh Jha, Jeffrey Rosenbluth and Jeremy B. Myers

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:95

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  35. Content type: Case report

    Traumatic amputation of the penis is a rare surgical emergency. Although repair techniques have been well described in literature, failure of replantation and its causes are poorly understood and reported. Her...

    Authors: Tushar Patial, Girish Sharma and Pamposh Raina

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:93

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Multi-step testing might enhance performance of the prostate cancer diagnostic pipeline. Using PSA >1 ng/ml for first-line risk stratification and the Stockholm 3 Model (S3M) blood-test >10% risk of Gleason Sc...

    Authors: Tobias Nordström, Jan Adolfsson, Henrik Grönberg and Martin Eklund

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:92

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Positive surgical margins are a strong prognostic marker of disease outcome following radical prostatectomy, though prior evidence is largely from a PSA-screened population. We therefore aim to evaluate the bi...

    Authors: Ashwin Sachdeva, Rajan Veeratterapillay, Antonia Voysey, Katherine Kelly, Mark I. Johnson, Jonathan Aning and Naeem A. Soomro

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:91

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  38. Content type: Study protocol

    Urinary tract infections (UTI) are among the most prevalent microbial diseases and their financial burden on society is substantial. The continuing increase of antibiotic resistance worldwide is alarming. Thus...

    Authors: Lorenz Leitner, Wilbert Sybesma, Nina Chanishvili, Marina Goderdzishvili, Archil Chkhotua, Aleksandre Ujmajuridze, Marc P. Schneider, Andrea Sartori, Ulrich Mehnert, Lucas M. Bachmann and Thomas M. Kessler

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:90

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  39. Content type: Study protocol

    Male stress urinary incontinence is a prevalent condition after radical prostatectomy. While the standard recommendation for the management of urine leakage is pelvic floor muscle training, its efficacy is sti...

    Authors: Shinobu Shimizu, Tokunori Yamamoto, Shinobu Nakayama, Akihiro Hirakawa, Yachiyo Kuwatsuka, Yasuhito Funahashi, Yoshihisa Matsukawa, Keisuke Takanari, Kazuhiro Toriyama, Yuzuru Kamei, Kazutaka Narimoto, Tomonori Yamanishi, Osamu Ishizuka, Masaaki Mizuno and Momokazu Gotoh

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:89

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Optimizing the patients’ quality of life is one of the main goals in the urological management of spinal cord injury (SCI) patients. In this study we validated the Dutch SF-Qualiveen, a short questionnaire tha...

    Authors: Sarah H. M. Reuvers, Ida J. Korfage, Jeroen R. Scheepe, Lisette A. ‘t Hoen, Tebbe A. R. Sluis and Bertil F. M. Blok

    Citation: BMC Urology 2017 17:88

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