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  1. Primary bladder sarcoma (PBS) is a rare malignant tumor of the bladder with a poor prognosis, and its disease course is inadequately understood. Therefore, our study aimed to establish a prognostic model to de...

    Authors: Shijie Li, Xuefeng Liu and Xiaonan Chen
    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:162
  2. Although multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) is widely used to assess the volume of prostate cancer, it often underestimates the histological tumor boundary. The aim of this study was to evaluat...

    Authors: Po-Fan Hsieh, Tzung-Ruei Li, Wei-Ching Lin, Han Chang, Chi-Ping Huang, Chao-Hsiang Chang, Chi-Rei Yang, Chin-Chung Yeh, Wen-Chin Huang and Hsi-Chin Wu
    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:161
  3. Although red blood cells (RBC) transfusion is known to be significantly associated with biochemical recurrence in patients undergoing open prostatectomy, its influence on biochemical recurrence after robot-ass...

    Authors: Jiwon Han, Young-Tae Jeon, Jung-Hee Ryu, Ah-Young Oh, Hwanik Kim, Yu Kyung Bae and Chang-Hoon Koo
    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:160
  4. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of the three-port approach and conventional five-port laparoscopic radical cystectomy (LRC) with an ileal conduit.

    Authors: Zhouting Tuo, Ying Zhang, Jinyou Wang, Huan Zhou, Youlu Lu, Xin Wang, Chao Yang, Dexin Yu and Liangkuan Bi
    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:159
  5. A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to compare the safety and efficacy of vacuum-assisted sheaths and conventional sheaths in minimally invasive percutaneous nephrolithotomy (MPCNL) in the trea...

    Authors: Ling Zhu, Zhenghao Wang, Ye Zhou, Liping Gou, Yan Huang and Xiaofeng Zheng
    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:158
  6. Theory-based intervention materials must be carefully adapted to meet the needs of users with specific physical conditions. Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) has been adapted successfully for cancer, chr...

    Authors: James Elander, Romaana Kapadi, Emma Coyne, Maarten W. Taal, Nicholas M. Selby, Carol Stalker and Kathryn Mitchell
    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:157
  7. Interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) categorized with and without Hunner lesions is a condition that displays chronic pelvic pain related to the bladder with no efficacious treatment options. T...

    Authors: Hidetoshi Tabata, Masanori Sasaki, Yuko Kataoka-Sasaki, Nobuo Shinkai, Koji Ichihara, Naoya Masumori, Jeffery D. Kocsis and Osamu Honmou
    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:156
  8. Previously, we presented the short-term outcomes of surgeon-tailored mesh in patients with SUI undergoing TOT. In this report, we aim to highlight the two-year outcomes of surgeon tailored mesh in terms of sub...

    Authors: Salah E. Shebl
    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:155
  9. This study aimed to evaluate the association of asymptomatic pyuria before ureterorenoscopic lithotripsy (URSL) with postoperative febrile urinary tract infection (UTI).

    Authors: Kuan-Jung Lin, Eric Y. H. Huang, I-shen Huang, Yu-Hua Fan, Chih-Chieh Lin, Tzu-Ping Lin, Hsiao-Jen Chung, Shing-Hwa Lu, Junne-Yih Kuo, Howard Hung-Hao Wu, Yen-Hwa Chang, Alex T. L. Lin and William J. S. Huang
    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:154
  10. Ureteral stenosis is a serious complication of flexible ureteroscopy. How to predict the possibility of stricture before surgery is an important topic. This research retrospectively studied the influence of pr...

    Authors: Yuefan Shen, Anping Xiang and Sihai Shao
    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:153
  11. Midureteral stenosis is very rare in children and can cause congenital hydronephrosis. We report our experience treating children with congenital midureteral stenosis at our center, focusing on the differences...

    Authors: Zhaoyi Meng, Defu Lin, Guannan Wang, Yanchao Qu and Ning Sun
    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:152
  12. This Commentary is in response to the BMC Urology publication entitled “Infection-related hospitalization following ureteroscopic stone treatment: Results from a surgical collaborative”. This study utilized a ...

    Authors: Wesley A. Mayer
    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:150
  13. To explore whether opening the external urethral orifice in the coronal sulcus can reduce the incidence of epididymitis after operating on hypospadias with prostatic utricle cyst (PUC) connecting to the vas de...

    Authors: Jun Lu, Junjie Cen, Wenwei Wang, Hongwei Zhao, Pengju Li, Jiacong Mo, Zhenhua Chen, Yiming Tang, Jinhuan Wei, Junhang Luo, Shiying Huang and Yong Fang
    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:149
  14. A significant proportion of boys present to surgical specialists later in infancy/early childhood for elective operative circumcision despite the higher procedural risks. This study aims to assess physician pe...

    Authors: Ushasi Naha, Hans C. Arora, Ryan F. Walton, Ilina Rosoklija, Lindsay M. Skibley and Emilie K. Johnson
    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:148
  15. Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is very common in aging men. We aimed to compare the effects of tamsulosin and pumpkin (Cucurbita pepo) seed oil on BPH symptoms.

    Authors: Nikan Zerafatjou, Mohammadali Amirzargar, Mahdi Biglarkhani, Farzaneh Shobeirian and Ghazal Zoghi
    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:147
  16. Urinary bladder lymphangioma is a rare and benign lesion that is often causes symptoms related to irritation and urinary tract obstruction. Because a lymphangioma may resemble a true neoplasm of the urinary bl...

    Authors: Wei He, Li Jin, Fang-fang Lin, Xiao-long Qi, Xiang-lei He, Da-hong Zhang and Ming Zhao
    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:145
  17. Recently, presepsin has been reported to be a useful biomarker for early diagnosis of sepsis and evaluation of prognosis in septic patients. However, few reports have evaluated its usefulness in patients with ...

    Authors: Yoshitaka Sekine, Kazuhiko Kotani, Daisuke Oka, Hiroshi Nakayama, Yoshiyuki Miyazawa, Takahiro Syuto, Seiji Arai, Masashi Nomura, Hidekazu Koike, Hiroshi Matsui, Yasuhiro Shibata, Masami Murakami and Kazuhiro Suzuki
    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:144
  18. FAM83H was originally reported to be essential for dental enamel formation. However, FAM83H has recently been implicated in tumorigenesis and tumor progression. Analysis of a publicly available gene expression...

    Authors: Ae-Ri Ahn, Sang Jae Noh, Usama Khamis Hussein, Ho Sung Park, Myoung Ja Chung, Ho Lee, Woo Sung Moon, Myoung Jae Kang, Hyung Jin Kim, Na Ri Lee, Kyu Yun Jang and Kyoung Min Kim
    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:143
  19. Overactive bladder (OAB) is a popular distressing health condition that has negative impact on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of the inflicted individuals. This multicenter study was conducted to deter...

    Authors: Ramzi Shawahna, Hatim Hijaz, Khaled Jallad, Mohammad Abushamma and Mothana Sawafta
    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:142
  20. The prevalence of kidney stones in the world is increasing and environmental factors seem to play a major role in this issue. The aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of risk factors of k...

    Authors: Parvin Khalili, Zahra Jamali, Tabandeh Sadeghi, Ali Esmaeili-nadimi, Maryam Mohamadi, Amir Moghadam-Ahmadi, Fatemeh Ayoobi and Alireza Nazari
    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:141
  21. While blunt extra-peritoneal bladder injury is typically treated non-operatively or with minimally invasive management, the treatment for penetrating bladder injury is generally open surgery. We identify a gro...

    Authors: John Culhane, Johar Raza Syed and Sameer Siddiqui
    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:138
  22. Because of their specific and biologically relevant cargo, urine extracellular vesicles (EVs) constitute a valuable source of potential non-invasive biomarkers that could support the clinical decision-making t...

    Authors: María García-Flores, Christian M. Sánchez-López, Marta Ramírez-Calvo, Antonio Fernández-Serra, Antonio Marcilla and José Antonio López-Guerrero
    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:137
  23. To evaluate the prognostic value of the aspartate transaminase/alanine transaminase (AST/ALT) ratio in primary non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) using propensity score matching (PSM) analysis.

    Authors: Xiaofeng Cheng, Xiaochen Zhou, Ming Yi, Song Xu, Cheng Zhang and Gongxian Wang
    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:136
  24. To enhance the convenience and reduce the cost of prostate cancer (PC) screening, a one-step prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test was evaluated in a large population. The PSA SPOT test kit enables rapid detect...

    Authors: Shingo Ashida, Ichiro Yamasaki, Chiaki Kawada, Hideo Fukuhara, Satoshi Fukata, Kenji Tamura, Takashi Karashima, Keiji Inoue and Taro Shuin
    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:135
  25. We sought to determine if participating in a surgical training session using perfused fresh human cadavers (PFHC) had a positive effect on urology residents’ confidence in performing open and endoscopic proced...

    Authors: Daniel McClelland, Luke P. O’Connor, John Barnard, Ali Hajiran, Chad Crigger, Tyler Trump, Emma Bacharach, Amr Elbakry, Zach Werner, Chad Morley, Daniel Grabo and Adam Luchey
    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:134
  26. We aimed to evaluate the usefulness of the Beckman Coulter prostate health index (PHI) and to compare it with total prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels and related derivatives in predicting the presence and...

    Authors: Jae Yoon Kim, Ji Hyeong Yu, Luck Hee Sung, Dae Yeon Cho, Hyun-Jung Kim and Soo Jin Yoo
    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:131
  27. Balloon dilation is a commonly used minimally invasive endourological treatment of ureteral stricture, but the postoperative recurrence rate is relatively high. And factors contributing to recurrence after tre...

    Authors: Jintao Hu, Cong Lai, Mingchao Gao, Kaiwen Li, Wang He, Dingjun Zhu, Wenlian Xie, Haihua Wu, Meijuan Xu, Jian Huang and Jinli Han
    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:129
  28. To compare ureteroscopy (URS) complementary treatment following extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) failure with primary URS lithotripsy for proximal ureteral stones > 10 mm, and try to find out accept...

    Authors: Feng Yao, XiaoLiang Jiang, Bin Xie and Ning Liu
    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:126
  29. Genitourinary tuberculosis (GUTB) is known to cause high rates of structural organ damage, however, literature on its biochemical manifestations is limited. Additionally, local studies in the Philippine settin...

    Authors: Paolo Nikolai H. So and Anthony Russell T. Villanueva
    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:125
  30. Currently, immunotherapy is indicated for patients with metastatic RCC or unresectable RCC, but there is no indication for immunotherapy in the neoadjuvant setting. We report a case in which the combined use o...

    Authors: Kenichi Nishimura, Noriyoshi Miura, Naoya Sugihara, Keisuke Funaki, Kanae Koyama, Yuichiro Sawada, Terutaka Noda, Tetsuya Fukumoto, Yuki Miyauchi, Tadahiko Kikugawa, Takashi Saika, Masafumi Matsumura, Katsuyoshi Hashine and Mashio Taniwaki
    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:124
  31. With the development of minimally invasive technology, more and more people pay attention to aesthetics of the wound after operation. This study is aim to introduce a new surgical technique of transvaginal nat...

    Authors: Qinxin Zhao, Dongdong Han, Feiya Yang, Sujun Han and Nianzeng Xing
    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:123
  32. Autologous fascial slings (AFS) have been used for a very long time in the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence, but the introduction of synthetic mesh slings placed either retropubicallyor trans-ob...

    Authors: Jacopo Durante, Francesca Manassero, Tiziana Fidecicchi, Alessio Tognarelli, Tommaso Di Vico, Pinuccia Faviana and Cesare Selli
    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:122
  33. We report the case of a patient with syphilitic testicular gumma and vasculitis with adrenal failure due to chronic steroid use.

    Authors: Sat Prasad Nepal, Takehiko Nakasato, Takashi Fukagai, Takeshi Shichijo, Jun Morita, Yoshiko Maeda, Kazuhiko Oshinomi, Yoshihiro Nakagami, Tsutomu Unoki, Tetsuo Noguchi, Tatsuki Inoue, Ryosuke Kato, Satoshi Amano, Moyuru Mizunuma, Masahiro Kurokawa, Yoshiki Tsunokawa…
    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:120
  34. Combination drug therapy for lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) is beneficial to selected patients and recommended by guidelines. Patterns of real-world LUTS drug use, especially combination drug therapy, hav...

    Authors: Mahmood Ali, Margarita Landeira, Patrick J. O. Covernton, Nurul Choudhury, Ashley Jaggi, Francis Fatoye and Rob van Maanen
    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:119
  35. It is a challenging problem to differentiate obstructive hydronephrosis from noninvasive evaluation of renal pelvis and ureteral motility in patients. The purpose of this study was to explore the value of 640-...

    Authors: Chongwen Mao, Cong Peng, Song Li, Liling Chen, Mengjing You, Kewei Fang, Shutian Xiang and Yunshan Su
    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:118
  36. Side effects of cisplatin (CIS) such as testicular toxicity restrict its clinical use. Instead, evidence indicates that crocin (CR) has synergistic anti-cancer potential with CIS and exhibited beneficial effec...

    Authors: Behzad Mesbahzadeh, Mohammadmehdi Hassanzadeh-Taheri, Mohadese-sadat Aliparast, Pardis Baniasadi and Mehran Hosseini
    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:117
  37. Eosinophilic cystitis is a rare inflammatory disease of the bladder characterized by eosinophilic infiltration of the bladder wall. Most Eosinophilic cystitis cases present with mucosal lesions of the urinary ...

    Authors: Hyun Bin Shin, Hyun Sik Park, Joo Heon Kim and Jinsung Park
    Citation: BMC Urology 2021 21:116

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