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  1. To investigate the effects of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force’s (USPSTF) 2012 recommendation against prostate-specific antigen (PSA)-based screening for prostate cancer on survival disparities based on...

    Authors: Isaac E. Kim Jr, Daniel D. Kim, Sinae Kim, Shuangge Ma, Thomas L. Jang, Eric A. Singer, Saum Ghodoussipour and Isaac Yi Kim
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:91
  2. PD-L1 and B7-H3 have been found to be overexpressed in urothelial carcinoma (UC) of the urinary bladder. Recent studies have also demonstrated that B7-H3 and PD-L1 can promote resistance to platinum-based drug...

    Authors: Ahmed M. Mahmoud, Igor Frank, Jacob J. Orme, Roxane R. Lavoie, Prabin Thapa, Brian A. Costello, John C. Cheville, Sounak Gupta, Haidong Dong and Fabrice Lucien
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:90
  3. The effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on healthcare in Australia have yet to be fully determined. There are well documented decreases in the rates of screening and diagnostic testing for many cancers in 2020, w...

    Authors: Anika Jain, James Macneil, Lawrence Kim and Manish I. Patel
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:88
  4. Active surveillance (AS) is the preferred treatment for patients with very low-and low-risk prostate cancer (PCa), but it is underperformed worldwide. This study aimed to report knowledge, attitudes, and pract...

    Authors: Marcelo Langer Wroclawski, Breno Santos Amaral, Paulo Priante Kayano, Wilson Francisco Schreiner Busato Jr, Sebastião José Westphal, Erik Montagna, Bianca Bianco, Andrey Soares, Fernando Cotait Maluf, Gustavo Caserta Lemos and Arie Carneiro
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:86
  5. The insertion of a ureteral access sheath (UAS) is a frequent procedure during flexible ureteroscopy (fURS) to facilitate kidney stone treatment. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of 12/14...

    Authors: Tomasz Ozimek, Judith R. Wiessmeyer, Julian P. Struck, Marie C. Roesch, Nils Gilbert, Jan M. Laturnus, Axel S. Merseburger and Mario W. Kramer
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:84
  6. The mean number of emergency department visits for all-cause traumas has declined significantly during the COVID-19 pandemic. We aim to identify how a global pandemic and social distancing could affect the tr...

    Authors: Behnam Nabavizadeh, Nizar Hakam, Behzad Abbasi, Nathan M. Shaw and Benjamin N. Breyer
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:83
  7. To observe and explore the effect of metformin on the migration and proliferation of bladder cancer T24 and 5637 cells in vitro.

    Authors: Zhiyong Shen, Dong Xue, Kun Wang, Facai Zhang, Jiaqi Shi, Benzhong Jia, Dan Yang, Qianjin Zhang, Shuai Zhang, Hongyu Jiang, Daiqin Luo, Xueying Li, Quliang Zhong, Junhao Zhang, Zheng Peng, Yu Han…
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:79
  8. At present, there are few studies on renal pelvic transitional cell carcinoma (RPTCC) in elderly patients in the literature. The study aims to establish a new nomogram of cancer-specific survival (CSS) in elde...

    Authors: Jinkui Wang, Jie Tang, Xiaozhu Liu and Dawei He
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:78
  9. To assess the price range in which fexapotide triflutate (FT), a novel injectable, is cost-effective relative to current oral pharmacotherapy (5 α-reductase inhibitor, α-blocker, 5 α-reductase inhibitor and α-blo...

    Authors: Yifan Wei, Joel W. Hay, Alan R. Hay and Sze-chuan Suen
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:76
  10. In patients experiencing disease recurrence after radical cystectomy (RC) for bladder cancer, data about the impact of clinicopathologic factors, including salvage treatment using cytotoxic chemotherapy, on th...

    Authors: Dai Koguchi, Kazumasa Matsumoto, Masaomi Ikeda, Yoshinori Taoka, Takahiro Hirayama, Yasukiyo Murakami, Takuji Utsunomiya, Daisuke Matsuda, Norihiko Okuno, Akira Irie and Masatsugu Iwamura
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:75
  11. Adrenal incidentalomas (AIs) are masses > 1 cm found incidentally during radiographic imaging. They are present in up to 4.4% of patients undergoing CT scan, and incidence is increasing with usage and sensitiv...

    Authors: David Zekan, Robert Scott King, Ali Hajiran, Apexa Patel, Samuel Deem and Adam Luchey
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:73
  12. The advantages and disadvantages of transperineal and transrectal biopsies remain controversial in the era of prostate targeted biopsy. In this study, we compared the cancer detection and complication rates of...

    Authors: Po-Fan Hsieh, Tian-You Chang, Wei-Ching Lin, Han Chang, Chao-Hsiang Chang, Chi-Ping Huang, Chi-Rei Yang, Wen-Chi Chen, Yi-Huei Chang, Yu-De Wang, Wen-Chin Huang and Hsi-Chin Wu
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:72
  13. Safe provision of systemic anti-cancer treatment (SACT) during the COVID-19 pandemic remains an ongoing concern amongst clinicians.

    Authors: Alfred Chung Pui So, Christina Karampera, Muhammad Khan, Beth Russell, Charlotte Moss, Maria J. Monroy-Iglesias, Kiruthikah Thillai, Debra Hannah Josephs, Elias Pintus, Sarah Rudman, Mieke Van Hemelrijck, Saoirse Dolly and Deborah Enting
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:71
  14. Bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) was caused by a series of histological and biochemical changes in the bladder wall, through the inflammation process in the bladder wall, hypertrophy and fibrosis. ADSC has an ...

    Authors: Safendra Siregar, Mochamad Sri Herlambang, Muhammad Reza, Akhmad Mustafa and Dicky Stefanus
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:69
  15. Hem-o-Lok clips (HOLCs) are widely used in minimal access urological operations due to the advantage of vascular control and suture stabilization. In rare cases, however, they can develop problems themselves. ...

    Authors: Hui Zhou, Yihuan Li, Guangjie Li, Guobiao Liang, Zeju Zhao, Xu Luo and Shulian Chen
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:66
  16. To compare the intraoperative safety profiles of transurethral plasmakinetic resection of the prostate (PK-TURP) with transurethral plasmakinetic endoscopic enucleation of the prostate (PK-EEP) in the treatmen...

    Authors: Qi Jin, En-Guang Yang, Yun-Xin Zhang, Jun Mi, Zhi-Long Dong, Li Yang, Jun-Qiang Tian, Juan Wang and Zhi-Ping Wang
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:65
  17. To evaluate the diagnostic performance of multiparametric transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) and to design diagnostic scoring systems based on four modes of TRUS to predict peripheral zone prostate cancer (PCa) and...

    Authors: Tong Chen, Fei Wang, Hanbing Chen, Meng Wang, Peiqing Liu, Songtao Liu, Yibin Zhou and Qi Ma
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:64
  18. Ureteral granulation tissue hemangiomas are rare benign vascular lesions, and they may be clinically asymptomatic or present with massive or recurrent hematuria. Sometimes hemangiomas are difficult to distingu...

    Authors: Jiang Zhao, Xiaoqing Wang, Chi Zhang, Mingze He, Ge Bian, Ming Zhang, Mingchuan Liu, Xupeng Mu and Kebang Hu
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:63
  19. Kidney stone disease (KSD) is a common illness that causes an economic burden globally. It is easy for patients to relapse once they have suffered from this disease. The reported recurrence rate of KSD ranged ...

    Authors: Kai Wang, Jing Ge, Wenlong Han, Dong Wang, Yinjuan Zhao, Yanhao Shen, Jiexun Chen, Dongming Chen, Jing Wu, Ning Shen, Shuai Zhu, Bin Xue and Xianlin Xu
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:62
  20. Limited literature has focused on the use of totally tubeless mini-percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) for the treatment of large renal stones. We present our findings of treating patients with large and/or co...

    Authors: Chang-Heng Lin, Ying-Chen Lin, Heng-Chieh Chiang, Meng-Yi Yan, Wan-Yun Fang and Pao-Hwa Chen
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:61
  21. To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of computed tomography-urography (CTU) to rule out urinary bladder cancer (UBC) and whether patients thereby could omit cystoscopy.

    Authors: Suleiman Abuhasanein, Carl Hansen, Dragan Vojinovic, Staffan Jahnson, Henrik Leonhardt and Henrik Kjölhede
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:60
  22. The pathological grading system for non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer is based on the WHO 2004/2016 classification system (low-grade: LG/high-grade: HG) and the WHO 1973 classification system (Grade 1: G1/Gra...

    Authors: Akinaru Yamamoto, Atsunari Kawashima, Toshihiro Uemura, Gaku Yamamichi, Eisuke Tomiyama, Yoko Koh, Makoto Matsushita, Taigo Kato, Koji Hatano, Motohide Uemura and Norio Nonomura
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:59
  23. Penile Mondor disease is a superficial dorsal vein thrombophlebitis of the penis, which mainly affects young and middle-aged men. It generally manifests as a visible painful cord located along the dorsal surfa...

    Authors: Krzysztof Balawender, Anna Pliszka, Agata Surowiec and Sebastian Rajda
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:57
  24. This study aimed to investigate clinical effectiveness of stone disintegration by using isolation coupling pad (“icPad”) as coupling medium to reduce trapped air pockets during extracorporeal shock wave lithot...

    Authors: Hao-Han Chang, Yu-Chih Lin, Ching-Chia Li, Wen-Jeng Wu, Wen-Chin Liou, Yusen Eason Lin, Kuo-Kuang Huang and Wei-Chuan Chen
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:56
  25. To explore the feasibility, safety, and effectiveness of single tract minimally invasive endoscopic combined intrarenal surgery (stmECIRS) in the improved prone frog split-leg position for staghorn stones.

    Authors: Changyi Liu, Biqiong Zheng, Jinfeng Wen, Houping Mao, Tao Jiang, Qin Chen, Wenwei Chen, Hua Zhang, Yanfeng He and Rui Gao
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:54
  26. Our objective was to describe day-to-day evolution and variations in patient-reported stent-associated symptoms (SAS) in the STudy to Enhance uNderstanding of sTent-associated Symptoms (STENTS), a prospective ...

    Authors: Jonathan D. Harper, Alana C. Desai, Jodi A. Antonelli, Gregory E. Tasian, Justin B. Ziemba, Hussein R. Al-Khalidi, H. Henry Lai, Naim M. Maalouf, Peter P. Reese, Hunter B. Wessells, Ziya Kirkali and Charles D. Scales Jr.
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:53
  27. Segmental testicular infarction is a rare condition that often occurs in the upper pole of the left testicle and usually presents with acute onset of scrotal pain. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound and MR are essen...

    Authors: Hong-Liang Jin, Qi Ma, Jin Zhu, Ya-Chen Zang, Yi-Bin Zhou, Bo-Xin Xue, Dong-Rong Yang, Chuan-Yang Sun, Jie Gao, Li-Jun Xu and Bo Zhang
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:52
  28. The Paris System (TPS) for reporting urinary cytology differs from conventional systems (CS) in that it focuses on the diagnosis of high-grade urothelial carcinoma (HGUC). This study investigated the impact of...

    Authors: Mari Yamasaki, Rikiya Taoka, Kazuya Katakura, Toru Matsunaga, Naoya Kani, Tomoko Honda, Satoshi Harada, Yoichiro Tohi, Yuki Matsuoka, Takuma Kato, Homare Okazoe, Hiroyuki Tsunemori, Nobufumi Ueda, Reiji Haba and Mikio Sugimoto
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:51
  29. A wide spectrum of complications are reported after male circumcision (MC), the non-aesthetic complications are well known, but the pigmentary complications scale are not reported precisely.

    Authors: Radwa Tirana, Doa Othman, Dalia Gad, Menan Elsadek and Mohamed A. Baky Fahmy
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:50
  30. Optimal treatment approaches for high-risk localized and locally advanced prostate cancer remain controversial and there are currently no standard treatments. These patients with high-risk localized and locall...

    Authors: Tae Young Shin and Yong Seong Lee
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:49
  31. To investigate the need for ureteral reimplantation for vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) during augmentation cystoplasty (AC) in the long term.

    Authors: Hiroki Chiba, Takeya Kitta, Madoka Higuchi, Naohisa Kusakabe, Masafumi Kon, Michiko Nakamura and Nobuo Shinohara
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:48
  32. Despite the continuous development and evolution of surgical methods and techniques, proximal hypospadias remains one of the most challenging issues for pediatric urologists. This study aims to evaluate the in...

    Authors: Chong Wang, Zhi-Cheng Zhang, De-Ying Zhang, Yi Hua, Feng Liu, Da-Wei He, Guang-Hui Wei and Xing Liu
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:47
  33. To analyze the risk factors for progression of urolith associated with obstructive urosepsis to severe sepsis or septic shock, we had done the retrospective cross-sectional study, which would facilitate the ea...

    Authors: J. D. Cao, Z. C. Wang, Y. L. Wang, H. C. Li, C. M. Gu, Z. G. Bai, Z. Q. Chen, S. S. Wang and S. T. Xiang
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:46
  34. A model was built that characterized effects of individual factors on five-year prostate cancer (PCa) risk in the Prostate, Lung, Colon, and Ovarian Cancer Screening Trial (PLCO) and the Selenium and Vitamin E...

    Authors: Jonathan A. Gelfond, Brian Hernandez, Martin Goros, Joseph G. Ibrahim, Ming-Hui Chen, Wei Sun, Robin J. Leach, Michael W. Kattan, Ian M. Thompson, Donna Pauler Ankerst and Michael Liss
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:45
  35. Solo-surgery can be defined as a practice of a surgeon operating alone using a camera holder, without other surgical members except for a scrub nurse. This study was designed to evaluate the feasibility and sa...

    Authors: Dong Hyeon An, Jae Hyeon Han, Myoung Jin Jang, Joomin Aum, Yu Seon Kim, In Gab Jeong, Bumsik Hong and Dalsan You
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:44
  36. Anti-retropulsive devices are often used to prevent stone migration in the treatment of proximal ureteral calculi. They are helpful. However, in the meantime, they also add extra expenses. This study was carri...

    Authors: Weisong Wu, Jiaqiao Zhang, Rixiati Yi, Xianmiu Li and Xiao Yu
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:43
  37. Adopted the competing-risk model to investigate the relevant factors affecting the prostate cancer (PCa)-specific mortality among Asian-American PCa patients based on the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Re...

    Authors: Di Wu, Yaming Yang, Mingjuan Jiang and Ruizhi Yao
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:42

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