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  1. Post-operative delirium is an important, yet under-researched complication of surgery. Patients undergoing urological surgery may be at especially high risk of POD, as they are often older, and interventions c...

    Authors: L. Sanyaolu, A. F. M. Scholz, I. Mayo, J. Coode-Bate, C. Oldroyd, B. Carter, T. Quinn and J. Hewitt

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:169

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are one of the most common bacterial infections in children. In children < 7 years of age, the prevalence of one episode of symptomatic UTI has been estimated at 3–7% in girls a...

    Authors: Maria Daniel, Hanna Szymanik-Grzelak, Agnieszka Turczyn and Małgorzata Pańczyk-Tomaszewska

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:168

    Content type: Study protocol

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  3. The injection of muscle precursor cells (MPC) into the external urinary sphincter muscle (EUS) is a promising therapeutic option for regenerative treatment of stress urinary incontinence (SUI). The objective o...

    Authors: Florian A. Schmid, Dominic Gascho, Niklaus Zoelch, Jenny A. Prange, Giovanni Colacicco and Daniel Eberli

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:167

    Content type: Technical advance

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  4. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Hiroji Uemura, Yosuke Koroki, Yuki Iwaki, Keiichiro Imanaka, Takeshi Kambara, Angela Lopez-Gitlitz, Andressa Smith and Hirotsugu Uemura

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:166

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in BMC Urology 2020 20:139

  5. Ureaplasma urealyticum (UU) infection, as well as asymptomatic leukocytospermia, whether it has effect on semen parameters and whether it needs screening and treatment is still a confusing and controversial topic...

    Authors: Qi-Feng Zhang, Yu-Ji Zhang, Sheng Wang, Yu Wei, Feng Li and Ke-Jian Feng

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:165

    Content type: Research article

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  6. In this study, we investigated the effect of preoperative prostate morphology, especially intravesical prostatic protrusion (IPP), on continence after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP).

    Authors: Katsuya Hikita, Masashi Honda, Shogo Teraoka, Ryoma Nishikawa, Yuske Kimura, Panagiota Tsounapi, Hideto Iwamoto, Shuichi Morizane and Atsushi Takenaka

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:164

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The Expanded Prostate Index Composite for Clinical Practice (EPIC-CP) is a short version of the original EPIC, developed to facilitate the instrument’s use in routine care. This study aimed to validate the EPI...

    Authors: Danilo B. Lourenço, Breno Santos Amaral, Wladimir Alfer-Junior, Ana Vasconcellos, Fernanda Russo, Rafael Sanchez-Salas, Bianca Bianco, Andrew A. Wagner, Peter Chang, Marcio Covas Moschovas, Gustavo Caserta Lemos and Arie Carneiro

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:163

    Content type: Research article

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  8. To evaluate the feasibility, safety, applied value and efficacy of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) for PCNL for the treatment of renal calculi. Although the ERAS is applied for many urological diseases,...

    Authors: Qing Li, Li Wan, Shucheng Liu, Mingyong Li, Libo Chen, Zhengwu Hou and Wang Zhang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:162

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Tubularized incised plate (TIP) urethroplasty is the most commonly performed procedure for hypospadias. Several flap procedures have been recommended to decrease the postoperative complication rate in TIP repa...

    Authors: Hao Yang, Xiao-xiao Xuan, Dong-lai Hu, Hang Zhang, Qiang Shu, Xiao-dong Guo and Jun-fen Fu

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:161

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The metastasis-associated gene 1 (MTA1) has been extensively reported as a crucial oncogene, and its abnormal expression has been associated with the progression of numerous cancers. However, the role of MTA1 ...

    Authors: Cai Lv, Yuan Huang, Qingqing Lei, Zhenxiang Liu, Shixing Shen and Wenxia Si

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:160

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Most patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) developed metastasis within 2 years, even after radical cystectomy (RC). The recurrence rate of MIBC was more than 50% of the cases. A meta-analysis con...

    Authors: Agus Rizal A. H. Hamid, Fanny Riana Ridwan, Dyandra Parikesit, Fina Widia, Chaidir Arif Mochtar and Rainy Umbas

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:158

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Xanthine urinary stones are a rare entity that may occur in patients with Lesch–Nyhan syndrome receiving allopurinol. There is little literature describing imaging characteristics of these stones, and the most...

    Authors: Stephanie B. Shamir, Qi Peng, Alan H. Schoenfeld, Beth A. Drzewiecki and Mark C. Liszewski

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:157

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Patients with severe lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) from giant prostatic hyperplasia (GPH): prostate volume greater than 200 mL that do not respond to medical therapy may not be eligible for surgical trea...

    Authors: Alexander S. Somwaru, Stephen Metting, Laura M. Flisnik, Michael G. Nellamattathil, Arjun Sharma and Venkat S. Katabathina

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:153

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Large paraganglioma of the Zuckerkandl organ (POZ) is extremely rare. The patient can occasionally be paucisymptomatic, further obscuring the diagnosis and carrying high mortality. Recommended treatment for la...

    Authors: Xiang Ren, Jiwen Shang, Ruimin Ren, Huajun Zhang and Xue Yao

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:156

    Content type: Case report

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  15. Laparoscopic resection is the most well described minimally-invasive approach for adrenalectomy. While it allows for improved cosmesis, faster recovery and decreased length of hospital stay compared with the o...

    Authors: Anirban P. Mitra, Evalynn Vasquez, Paul Kokorowski and Andy Y. Chang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:155

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Chronic Prostatitis/Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome (CP/CPPS) is a disease with diverse clinical manifestations, such as pelvic pain or perineal pain. Although recent studies found several risk factors related to...

    Authors: Jing Chen, Haomin Zhang, Di Niu, Hu Li, Kun Wei, Li Zhang, Shuiping Yin, Longfei Liu, Xiansheng Zhang, Meng Zhang and Chaozhao Liang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:154

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Bladder leiomyomas are rare and benign tumors of the bladder. They account for 0.43% of all bladder tumors, and only 250 cases have been reported in English literature. Based on the size and localization of th...

    Authors: Athanasios Zachariou, Maria Filiponi, Fotios Dimitriadis, Aris Kaltsas and Nikolaos Sofikitis

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:152

    Content type: Case report

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  18. The current study aimed to compare the efficacy of transition zone PSA density (TZPSAD) with traditional PSA and PSA density (PSAD), for the diagnosis of prostate cancer (PCa) in Taiwanese males.

    Authors: Tsung-Hsin Chang, Wun-Rong Lin, Wei-Kung Tsai, Pai-Kai Chiang, Marcelo Chen, Jen-Shu Tseng and Allen W. Chiu

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:151

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Controversy remains despite several studies have discussed the role of bariatric surgery in improving male’s sexual function. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of bariatric surgery in promoting male’s e...

    Authors: Shengzhuo Liu, Dehong Cao, Zhengju Ren, Jinze Li, Lei Peng, Qin Zhang, Bo Cheng, Zheyu Cheng, Jianzhong Ai, Xiaonan Zheng, Liangren Liu and Qiang Wei

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:150

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The effect of ambient pollutants on the male reproductive system is controversial. This retrospective study investigated the effect of environmental pollutants on male reproductive health.

    Authors: Yu-An Chen, Yi-Kai Chang, Yann-Rong Su and Hong-Chiang Chang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:149

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Stent placement before retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) can theoretically expand the ureter to improve access and remove stones. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of preoperative uret...

    Authors: Hyeong Dong Yuk, Juhyun Park, Sung Yong Cho, Luck Hee Sung and Chang Wook Jeong

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:147

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Pentafecta is a major goal in the era of partial nephrectomy (PN). Simplified PADUA REnal (SPARE) nephrometry system was developed to evaluate the complexity of tumor. However, the predictive ability in pentaf...

    Authors: Chi-Ping Huang, Chao-Hsiang Chang, Hsi-Chin Wu, Che-Rei Yang, Po-Fan Hsieh, Guang-Heng Chen, Po-Jen Hsiao, Yi-Huei Chang, Yu-Ping Wang and Yu-De Wang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:146

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Bladder cancer (BC) is one of the most common malignancies of the urinary tract. The role of transient receptor potential melastatin 7 (TRPM7) in BC remains unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate th...

    Authors: Eun Hye Lee, So Young Chun, Bomi Kim, Bo Hyun Yoon, Jun Nyung Lee, Bum Soo Kim, Eun Sang Yoo, Sangkyu Lee, Phil Hyun Song, Tae Gyun Kwon and Yun-Sok Ha

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:145

    Content type: Research article

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  24. We aimed to explore the utility of prostate specific antigen (PSA) isoform [− 2] proPSA and its derivatives for prediction of pathological outcome after radical prostatectomy (RP).

    Authors: Vojtech Novak, Stepan Vesely, Hana Luksanová, Richard Prusa, Otakar Capoun, Vojtech Fiala, Olga Dolejsová, Hana Sedlacková, Radek Kucera, Jiri Stejskal, Miroslav Zalesky and Marko Babjuk

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:144

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Metastatic spinal cord compression (MSCC) from prostate cancer (PC) influences not only patients’ prognosis but also their quality of life. However, little is known about the clinical outcome of surgery for MS...

    Authors: Yasuhide Miyoshi, Takashi Kawahara, Masahiro Yao and Hiroji Uemura

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:143

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) is the first choice for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia. However, Transurethral split of prostate (TUSP) also seems to have clear clinical efficacy ...

    Authors: Yiyu Huang, Jiaxin LI, Shan Yang, Daozhang Yuan and Shusheng Wang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:141

    Content type: Research article

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  27. To investigate the functions of the hyperpolarization-activated cation currents in medium-size dorsal root ganglion cells in a rat model of overactive bladder syndrome.

    Authors: Chao Tan, Fei Yan, Li-Ping Yao, Jun-Ling Xing, Wei-Jun Qin, Kun Zhang, Guo-Jun Wu, Jian-Lin Yuan and Fei Liu

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:140

    Content type: Research article

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  28. A higher incidence of apalutamide-related skin rash has been observed in Japanese patients with prostate cancer (PC).

    Authors: Hiroji Uemura, Yosuke Koroki, Yuki Iwaki, Keiichiro Imanaka, Takeshi Kambara, Angela Lopez-Gitlitz, Andressa Smith and Hirotsugu Uemura

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:139

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Urology 2020 20:166

  29. Initial prostate biopsy often fails to identify prostate cancer resulting in patient anxiety, especially when clinical features such as prostate specific antigen (PSA) remain elevated, leading to the need for ...

    Authors: James McKiernan, Mikkel Noerholm, Vasisht Tadigotla, Sonia Kumar, Phillipp Torkler, Grannum Sant, Jason Alter, Michael J. Donovan and Johan Skog

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:138

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Calcium oxalate monohydrate (COM), the major crystalline composition of most kidney stones, induces inflammatory infiltration and injures in renal tubular cells. However, the mechanism of COM-induced toxic eff...

    Authors: Zhu Wang, Ming-xing Li, Chang-zhi Xu, Ying Zhang, Qiong Deng, Rui Sun, Qi-yi Hu, Sheng-ping Zhang, Jian-wen Zhang and Hui Liang

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:136

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Studies have shown diverse results regarding the association between H. pylori (HP) infection and the risk of malignancy. There is accumulating evidence relating HP infection to urological diseases. We investigat...

    Authors: Chu-Wen Fang, Chun-Hao Chen, Chih-Hsin Muo and Shih-Chi Wu

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:135

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Primary small cell carcinoma of the bladder (SCCB) is a rare disease of the genitourinary tract and reported limitedly. SCCB is very aggressive and always mixed with other histologic components, but coexistenc...

    Authors: Yanxia Liu, Hongming Xu, Bin Wu, Shuguang Liu and Qiang Luo

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:134

    Content type: Case report

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  33. Although the albumin-to-globulin ratio (AGR) is a promising biomarker for various malignancies, few studies have investigated its prognostic significance for upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC).

    Authors: Shota Omura, Satoru Taguchi, Shogo Miyagawa, Ryuki Matsumoto, Mio Samejima, Naoki Ninomiya, Kazuki Masuda, Yu Nakamura, Tsuyoshi Yamaguchi, Manami Kinjo, Mitsuhiro Tambo, Takatsugu Okegawa, Eiji Higashihara and Hiroshi Fukuhara

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:133

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The main purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of silodosin on the urodynamic consequences in a previously established model of lower urinary tract symptoms associated with benign prostate hyperpl...

    Authors: Rana Assaly, Julie Faugeroux, Miguel Laurin, Sandrine Compagnie, Laurent Alexandre, François Giuliano and Delphine Behr-Roussel

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:132

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Febrile urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most common complications after ureteroscopic lithotripsy (URS). We evaluated the effect of secondary signs on preoperative computed tomography (CT) for febr...

    Authors: Jin Woo Kim, You Jin Lee, Yun-Sok Ha, Jun Nyung Lee, Hyun Tae Kim, So Young Chun and Bum Soo Kim

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:131

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Xp11.2 translocation renal cell carcinoma (tRCC) is recently recognized. As Xp11.2 tRCC involved gene translocation and fusion in X chromosome and the number of X chromosomes in female is twice of male, we won...

    Authors: Wenyuan Zhuang, Ning Liu, Hongqian Guo, Chunni Zhang and Weidong Gan

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:130

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms affect daily life by decreasing health-related quality of life (HRQol). However, there remain no very effective treatment for OAB. Pharmacotherapy is one of the best treatment...

    Authors: Satoshi Funada, Norio Watanabe, Takayuki Goto, Hiromitsu Negoro, Shusuke Akamatsu, Kentaro Ueno, Ryuji Uozumi, Kentaro Ichioka, Takehiko Segawa, Tatsuo Akechi, Toshiaki A. Furukawa and Osamu Ogawa

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:129

    Content type: Study protocol

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  38. Seminoma accounts for 30–50% of testicular germ cell tumors (TGCT)—the most common solid malignancy in men aged 15–35 years. The American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) 8th edition (2018) created the subclas...

    Authors: Mário Fontes-Sousa, João Lobo, Helena Magalhães, João Cassis, Mariana Malheiro, Sância Ramos, Rui Henrique, Ana Martins and Maria Joaquina Maurício

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:127

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Aim of this study is to examine pelvic floor symptoms, anatomical results and patients’ satisfaction after sacrospinous vaginal fixation for stage 4 pelvic organ prolapse.

    Authors: Tilemachos Kavvadias, Birgitt Schoenfisch, Sara Yvonne Brucker and Christl Reisenauer

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:126

    Content type: Research article

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  40. This study aimed to assess the feasibility of a pan-cancer panel assay for high-risk renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in the Korean population. We also analyzed the clinical and genetic factors contributing to metas...

    Authors: Jungyo Suh, Chang Wook Jeong, Seongmin Choi, Ja Hyeon Ku, Hyeon Hoe Kim, Kwangsoo Kim and Cheol Kwak

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:125

    Content type: Research article

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  41. To examine the association of preoperative Mayo Adhesive Probability (MAP) scores in the donor (MAPd) and non-donor kidneys (MAPnd) with post-donation renal function.

    Authors: Katherine J. Cockerill, Amanda E. Kahn, Stacy M. Young, Colleen T. Ball, Martin L. Mai, C. Burcin Taner, Dana K. Perry and David D. Thiel

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:124

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Renal arteriovenous fistula was rarely reported in retrograde endoscopic procedure. Up to now, there is still an absence of report on the formation of renal arteriovenous fistula after semi-rigid ureteroscopic...

    Authors: Wan-Zhang Liu, Ting Huang, Li Fang and Yue Cheng

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:123

    Content type: Case report

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  43. The number of patients diagnosed and subsequently treated for kidney stones is increasing, and as such the number of post-operative complications is likely to increase. At present, little is known about the ro...

    Authors: Stephen Fôn Hughes, Alyson Jayne Moyes, Rebecca May Lamb, Peter Ella-tongwiis, Christopher Bell, Ahmed Moussa and Iqbal Shergill

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:122

    Content type: Research article

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  44. To evaluate the clinical outcomes and the duration required for the sperm to return to the ejaculate after a modified single-armed 2-suture longitudinal intussusception vasoepididymostomy (SA-LIVE).

    Authors: Nachuan Liu, Peng Li, Erlei Zhi, Chencheng Yao, Chao Yang, Liangyu Zhao, Ruhui Tian, Huixing Chen, Yuhua Huang, Yuexin Yu and Zheng Li

    Citation: BMC Urology 2020 20:121

    Content type: Research article

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  • BMC Urology works with with Cochrane Urology in providing our authors with expert advice on systematic reviews and meta-analyses

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