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  1. Cholelithiasis represents a known risk factor for digestive system neoplasm. Few studies reported the association between cholelithiasis and the risk of prostate cancer (PCa), and the results were controversial.

    Authors: Ya-Dong Li, Zheng-Ju Ren, Liang Gao, Jun-Hao Ma, Yuan-Qing Gou, Wei Tan and Chuan Liu
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:160
  2. Laparoscopic adrenalectomy for pheochromocytoma is associated with high risk of intraoperative hemodynamic instability. Our study aimed to identify predictive factors for hemodynamic instability during laparos...

    Authors: Yong-sheng Huang, Lei Yan, Ze-yan Li, Zhi-qing Fang, Zhao Liu, Zhong-hua Xu and Gang-Li Gu
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:158
  3. Bladder cancer (BC) seriously endangers public health, but effective biomarkers for BC diagnosis, particularly in the early stage, are still lacking. Identification of reliable biomarkers associated with early...

    Authors: Tao Fan, Liang Xue, Bingzheng Dong, Houguang He, Wenda Zhang, Lin Hao, Weiming Ma, Guanghui Zang, Conghui Han and Yang Dong
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:156
  4. Emphysematous pyelonephritis (EPN) is a potentially life-threatening disease caused by a gas-producing necrotizing bacterial infection that involves the renal parenchyma, collecting system, and/or perinephric ...

    Authors: Xue Dong, Shuzong You, Huangqi Zhang, Dongnv Wang, Wenting Pan, Binhao Zhang, Shanqiang Huang, Xin Li, Jianxin Pang and Wenbin Ji
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:154
  5. For patients suffering from urinary retention due to neurogenic [e.g., spinal cord injury (SCI), spina bifida (SB), multiple sclerosis (MS)] or non-neurogenic [e.g., cancer, benign prostate hypertrophy (BPH)] ...

    Authors: Kim Bundvig Barken and Rikke Vaabengaard
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:153
  6. Kidney renal papillary cell carcinoma (KIRP) is a dangerous cancer, which accounts for 15–20% of all kidney malignancies. Ferroptosis is a rare kind of cell death that overcomes medication resistance. Ferropto...

    Authors: Zixuan Wu, Xuyan Huang, Minjie Cai and Peidong Huang
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:152
  7. The effect of enzalutamide in patients with non-metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer after combined androgen blockade, which represents a patient profile similar to real-world clinical practice in J...

    Authors: Mikio Sugimoto, Takuma Kato, Yoichiro Tohi, Yosuke Shimizu, Ryuji Matsumoto, Takahiro Inoue, Yutaka Takezawa, Kimihiko Masui, Hiroshi Sasaki, Hiromi Hirama, Shiro Saito, Shin Egawa, Toshiyuki Kamoto, Satoshi Teramukai, Shinsuke Kojima, Takashi Kikuchi…
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:151
  8. Testicular cancer (TC), due to its non-specific symptoms and occurrence in young men, is particularly dangerous. A critical point for early diagnosis is awareness of the disease and the willingness to perform ...

    Authors: Jakub Ryszawy, Maksymilian Kowalik, Jakub Wojnarowicz, Grzegorz Rempega, Michał Kępiński, Bartłomiej Burzyński, Paweł Rajwa, Andrzej Paradysz and Piotr Bryniarski
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:149
  9. To identify the malignant potential and prognostic indicators of renal epithelioid angiomyolipoma (eAML), clinicopathological and molecular features as well as the drug efficacy of 67 eAML cases were analyzed.

    Authors: Aihetaimujiang Anwaier, Wen-Hao Xu, Xi Tian, Tao Ding, Jia-Qi Su, Yue Wang, Yuan-Yuan Qu, Hai-Liang Zhang and Ding-Wei Ye
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:148
  10. To investigate the value of computed tomography (CT)-based radiomics model analysis in differentiating renal oncocytoma (RO) from renal cell carcinoma subtypes (chromophobe renal cell carcinoma, clear cell car...

    Authors: Ziyang Yu, Jie Ding, Huize Pang, Hongkun Fang, Furong He, Chenxi Xu, Xuedan Li and Ke Ren
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:147
  11. Oblique lumbar interbody fusion (OLIF) surgery has been performed as a minimally invasive lateral lumbar fusion technique in recent years. Reports of operative complications of OLIF are limited, and there are ...

    Authors: Weiheng Wang, Bing Xiao, Xiaodong Huang, Jiangming Yu, Yanhai Xi, Guohua Xu and Xiaojian Ye
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:146
  12. We assess whether short-term recovery of urinary incontinence following robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RARP) is associated with postoperative membranous urethral length (MUL) and position o...

    Authors: Yasukazu Nakanishi, Shunya Matsumoto, Naoya Okubo, Kenji Tanabe, Madoka Kataoka, Shugo Yajima and Hitoshi Masuda
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:145
  13. Radical cystectomy for bladder cancer represents a high demolitive surgical procedure with a significative impact on quality of life. Sexuality preserving techniques have been proposed in order to improve func...

    Authors: Flavia Proietti, Leslie Claire Licari, Rocco Simone Flammia, Eugenio Bologna, Veronica Palombi, Emiliano Scarrone, Antonio Tufano, Cosimo De Nunzio and Costantino Leonardo
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:143
  14. Bladder cancer (BC) is one of the most common malignancies of the genitourinary system. Animal models offer an important tool to explore tumour initiation, progression, and therapeutic mechanisms. Our aim is t...

    Authors: Jinming Cai, Zhiwen Xie, Yilin Yan, Zhengnan Huang, Pengfei Tang, Xiangqian Cao, Zeyi Wang, Chenkai Yang, Mingyue Tan, Fang Zhang and Bing Shen
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:142
  15. To develop a system for multi-parametric MRI to differentiate benign from malignant solid renal masses and assess its accuracy compared to the gold standard of histopathological diagnosis.

    Authors: Suresh de Silva, Kathleen R. Lockhart, Peter Aslan, Peter Nash, Anthony Hutton, David Malouf, Dominic Lee, Paul Cozzi, Fiona MacLean and James Thompson
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:141
  16. Drainage is indicated in many patients with a perinephric abscess (PA). Surgical drainage is associated with trauma and slow recovery, while percutaneous drainage can be ineffective in some patients. We report...

    Authors: Enhui Li, Junhui Hong, Mi Zhou, Yuelong Zhang, Xiang He, Dahong Zhang and Weiwen Yu
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:140
  17. The cysts of the male pelvic floor represent a rare clinical entity. Their origin is linked to an altered development of paramesonephric and mesonephric ducts during embryogenesis.

    Authors: Matteo Moretti, Davide Campobasso, Raffaele Inzillo, Marco Grande, Francesco Facchini, Michelangelo Larosa, Jean Emmanuel Kwe, Gabriele Carlinfante, Gian Luigi Pozzoli, Maurizio Zizzo, Salvatore Micali and Antonio Frattini
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:139
  18. Fascial dehiscence after radical cystectomy may have serious clinical implications. To optimize its management, we sought to describe accompanying intraabdominal findings of post-cystectomy dehiscence repair a...

    Authors: Paz Lotan, Shayel Bercovich, Daniel Keidar, Kamil Malshy, Ziv Savin, Rennen Haramaty, Jonathan Gal, Jonathan Modai, Dan Leibovici, Roy Mano, Barak Rosenzweig, Azik Hoffman, Miki Haifler, Jack Baniel and Shay Golan
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:138
  19. Correct perioperative antibiotic strategies are crucial to prevent postoperative infections during percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). We aimed to compare the realistic antibiotic strategies applied in China ...

    Authors: Shike Zhang, Gonghui Li, Ludong Qiao, Dehui Lai, Zhican He, Lingyue An, Peng Xu, Hans-Göran Tiselius, Guohua Zeng, Junhua Zheng and Wenqi Wu
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:136
  20. The significance of total and specific subpopulations of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) in cancer is now well-documented. In the present study, we investigated the relevance of CD3+, CD8 +, CD45RO +, an...

    Authors: Ali Ariafar, Alireza Sanati, Simin Ahmadvand, Golsa Shekarkhar, Akbar Safaei, Zahra Shayan and Zahra Faghih
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:133
  21. Hypospadias is a common congenital malformation in pediatric urology with surgery being the only curative treatment. Although there are hundreds of surgical methods for hypospadias, no single method can treat ...

    Authors: YiWei Fang, Ning Sun, HongCheng Song, WeiPing Zhang, YunMan Tang, LuGang Huang, Yi Yang, Min Chao, Hong Ma, JingTi Zhang, XuHui Zhang, ShouLin Li, Ning Li, Chao Chen, DaWei He, WenBo Wu…
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:131
  22. To develop a nomogram of urinary volume and flow based on the data of Japanese men without lower urinary tract symptoms and multiple flows per participant whose characteristics were clear.

    Authors: Masatake Shinohara, Kazumasa Torimoto, Chie Matsushita, Daisuke Gotoh, Hisashi Yoshida, Toshihisa Saka, Yoshihiko Hirao, Akihide Hirayama and Kiyohide Fujimoto
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:130
  23. As the most common malignant tumor of primary renal tumor, renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the highly invasive disease with high mortality. AKT is a serine/threonine kinase that play a critical role in the phosp...

    Authors: Zuan Li, DeYong Nong, Bincai Li, Haojian Wang, Chunlin Li, Zhi Chen, Ximing Li, Guihai Huang, Junhao Lin, Nan Hao and Wei Li
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:129
  24. Combining immune checkpoint inhibitors with chemotherapy can synergistically improve antitumor activity and are generally well tolerated. Recently, the efficacy and safety of combination therapy has been demon...

    Authors: Xiang Ren, Yiqun Tian, Zhixian Wang, Jing Wang, Xing Li, Yisheng Yin, Ruibao Chen, Ying Zhan and Xiaoyong Zeng
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:128
  25. Retroperitoneal robotic partial nephrectomy is markedly restricted by limited space and visual field. We introduced a novel Gerota-edge-sling (GES) technique with self-designed traction devices to overcome the...

    Authors: Wei Chen, Qixiang Fang, Haomin Ren, Lei Ma, Jin Zeng, Shangshu Ding and Dapeng Wu
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:125
  26. At present, there is no specific research on the factors affecting the success rate of urethroplasty in patients with DSD. The purpose of this study is to explore the factors affecting the success of urethropl...

    Authors: Jing Yu, Ning Sun, Hongcheng Song, Minglei Li, Lele Li, Chunxiu Gong and Weiping Zhang
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:124
  27. Ewing’s sarcoma (ES) within the genitourinary tract are relatively unheard of and those within the external male genitalia are even rarer. To our knowledge, this is the first known case of primary ES within th...

    Authors: Sruti Rachapudi, Aditya Srinivasan, Brendan Gorman, Alyeesha B. Wilhelm, Eduardo Eyzaguirre and Eduardo Orihuela
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:121
  28. This is an exploratory research of cystoprostatectomy (CP) in treating prostate cancer (PCa) extending to the bladder, which aimed to evaluate the effects of CP on survival outcomes and improving quality of li...

    Authors: Xiaoliang Sun, Min Liu, Yong Zhao, Kang Leng and Haiyang Zhang
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:118
  29. Arterioureteral fistula (AUF) is a rare, life-threatening condition wherein communication occurs between a ureter and the common, internal, or external iliac artery. The sensitivity of common clinical imaging ...

    Authors: Zhiwen Jiang, Jian Wang, Jianfeng Cui, Shouzhen Chen, Sifeng Qu, Wenfu Wang, Hu Guo, Benkang Shi and Yaofeng Zhu
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:117
  30. The need for the left ureter to pass through the subsigmoid during ileal conduit diversion surgery has not been investigated in any studies. A modified technique is simply used in the ileal conduit with the le...

    Authors: Jinyou Wang, Zhouting Tuo, Mingzhu Gao, Jie Min, Yi Wang, Tao Zhang, Dexin Yu and Liangkuan Bi
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:116
  31. MUC1 is a type I transmembrane protein that plays an important role in tumor cell signal transduction. Although current studies have shown that MUC1 is upregulated in bladder cancer (BC), the specific mechanis...

    Authors: Liangliang Qing, Qingchao Li, Yongjin Yang, Wenbo Xu and Zhilong Dong
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:114
  32. Multiple kidney tumours are frequently seen in hereditary syndromes and familial diseases. Renal collision tumours (RCT) are characterized by the simultaneous existence of different and unrelated tumour types ...

    Authors: Valère Belle Mbou, Florian Sanglier, Julia Pestre-Munier, Aurélien Descazeaud and François Labrousse
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:113
  33. Kidney cancer accounts for 2% of new cancers diagnosed in Australia annually. Partial and radical nephrectomy are the treatment of choice for kidney cancer. Nephrectomy is also performed for living donor kidne...

    Authors: Jordan Y. Li, Sarah Bodda, Alex Jay, Ganessan Kichenadasse, Michael Chong, Jonathan M. Gleadle and Michael O’Callaghan
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:112
  34. Muscle-infiltrating urothelial carcinoma of the bladder is the most common genitourinary cancer. Immunotherapeutic agents targeting protein-1 programmed death or protein-1 programmed death ligand are currently...

    Authors: Patrik Palacka, Pavol Janega, Hana Polakova, Jan Slopovsky, Valentina De Angelis and Michal Mego
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:108

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