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  1. To compare the intraoperative safety profiles of transurethral plasmakinetic resection of the prostate (PK-TURP) with transurethral plasmakinetic endoscopic enucleation of the prostate (PK-EEP) in the treatmen...

    Authors: Qi Jin, En-Guang Yang, Yun-Xin Zhang, Jun Mi, Zhi-Long Dong, Li Yang, Jun-Qiang Tian, Juan Wang and Zhi-Ping Wang
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:65
  2. Kidney stone disease (KSD) is a common illness that causes an economic burden globally. It is easy for patients to relapse once they have suffered from this disease. The reported recurrence rate of KSD ranged ...

    Authors: Kai Wang, Jing Ge, Wenlong Han, Dong Wang, Yinjuan Zhao, Yanhao Shen, Jiexun Chen, Dongming Chen, Jing Wu, Ning Shen, Shuai Zhu, Bin Xue and Xianlin Xu
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:62
  3. Limited literature has focused on the use of totally tubeless mini-percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) for the treatment of large renal stones. We present our findings of treating patients with large and/or co...

    Authors: Chang-Heng Lin, Ying-Chen Lin, Heng-Chieh Chiang, Meng-Yi Yan, Wan-Yun Fang and Pao-Hwa Chen
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:61
  4. To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of computed tomography-urography (CTU) to rule out urinary bladder cancer (UBC) and whether patients thereby could omit cystoscopy.

    Authors: Suleiman Abuhasanein, Carl Hansen, Dragan Vojinovic, Staffan Jahnson, Henrik Leonhardt and Henrik Kjölhede
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:60
  5. The pathological grading system for non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer is based on the WHO 2004/2016 classification system (low-grade: LG/high-grade: HG) and the WHO 1973 classification system (Grade 1: G1/Gra...

    Authors: Akinaru Yamamoto, Atsunari Kawashima, Toshihiro Uemura, Gaku Yamamichi, Eisuke Tomiyama, Yoko Koh, Makoto Matsushita, Taigo Kato, Koji Hatano, Motohide Uemura and Norio Nonomura
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:59
  6. Penile Mondor disease is a superficial dorsal vein thrombophlebitis of the penis, which mainly affects young and middle-aged men. It generally manifests as a visible painful cord located along the dorsal surfa...

    Authors: Krzysztof Balawender, Anna Pliszka, Agata Surowiec and Sebastian Rajda
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:57
  7. This study aimed to investigate clinical effectiveness of stone disintegration by using isolation coupling pad (“icPad”) as coupling medium to reduce trapped air pockets during extracorporeal shock wave lithot...

    Authors: Hao-Han Chang, Yu-Chih Lin, Ching-Chia Li, Wen-Jeng Wu, Wen-Chin Liou, Yusen Eason Lin, Kuo-Kuang Huang and Wei-Chuan Chen
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:56

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Urology 2022 22:171

  8. To explore the feasibility, safety, and effectiveness of single tract minimally invasive endoscopic combined intrarenal surgery (stmECIRS) in the improved prone frog split-leg position for staghorn stones.

    Authors: Changyi Liu, Biqiong Zheng, Jinfeng Wen, Houping Mao, Tao Jiang, Qin Chen, Wenwei Chen, Hua Zhang, Yanfeng He and Rui Gao
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:54
  9. Our objective was to describe day-to-day evolution and variations in patient-reported stent-associated symptoms (SAS) in the STudy to Enhance uNderstanding of sTent-associated Symptoms (STENTS), a prospective ...

    Authors: Jonathan D. Harper, Alana C. Desai, Jodi A. Antonelli, Gregory E. Tasian, Justin B. Ziemba, Hussein R. Al-Khalidi, H. Henry Lai, Naim M. Maalouf, Peter P. Reese, Hunter B. Wessells, Ziya Kirkali and Charles D. Scales Jr.
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:53
  10. Segmental testicular infarction is a rare condition that often occurs in the upper pole of the left testicle and usually presents with acute onset of scrotal pain. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound and MR are essen...

    Authors: Hong-Liang Jin, Qi Ma, Jin Zhu, Ya-Chen Zang, Yi-Bin Zhou, Bo-Xin Xue, Dong-Rong Yang, Chuan-Yang Sun, Jie Gao, Li-Jun Xu and Bo Zhang
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:52
  11. The Paris System (TPS) for reporting urinary cytology differs from conventional systems (CS) in that it focuses on the diagnosis of high-grade urothelial carcinoma (HGUC). This study investigated the impact of...

    Authors: Mari Yamasaki, Rikiya Taoka, Kazuya Katakura, Toru Matsunaga, Naoya Kani, Tomoko Honda, Satoshi Harada, Yoichiro Tohi, Yuki Matsuoka, Takuma Kato, Homare Okazoe, Hiroyuki Tsunemori, Nobufumi Ueda, Reiji Haba and Mikio Sugimoto
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:51
  12. A wide spectrum of complications are reported after male circumcision (MC), the non-aesthetic complications are well known, but the pigmentary complications scale are not reported precisely.

    Authors: Radwa Tirana, Doa Othman, Dalia Gad, Menan Elsadek and Mohamed A. Baky Fahmy
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:50
  13. Optimal treatment approaches for high-risk localized and locally advanced prostate cancer remain controversial and there are currently no standard treatments. These patients with high-risk localized and locall...

    Authors: Tae Young Shin and Yong Seong Lee
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:49

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Urology 2022 22:92

  14. To investigate the need for ureteral reimplantation for vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) during augmentation cystoplasty (AC) in the long term.

    Authors: Hiroki Chiba, Takeya Kitta, Madoka Higuchi, Naohisa Kusakabe, Masafumi Kon, Michiko Nakamura and Nobuo Shinohara
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:48
  15. Despite the continuous development and evolution of surgical methods and techniques, proximal hypospadias remains one of the most challenging issues for pediatric urologists. This study aims to evaluate the in...

    Authors: Chong Wang, Zhi-Cheng Zhang, De-Ying Zhang, Yi Hua, Feng Liu, Da-Wei He, Guang-Hui Wei and Xing Liu
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:47
  16. To analyze the risk factors for progression of urolith associated with obstructive urosepsis to severe sepsis or septic shock, we had done the retrospective cross-sectional study, which would facilitate the ea...

    Authors: J. D. Cao, Z. C. Wang, Y. L. Wang, H. C. Li, C. M. Gu, Z. G. Bai, Z. Q. Chen, S. S. Wang and S. T. Xiang
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:46
  17. A model was built that characterized effects of individual factors on five-year prostate cancer (PCa) risk in the Prostate, Lung, Colon, and Ovarian Cancer Screening Trial (PLCO) and the Selenium and Vitamin E...

    Authors: Jonathan A. Gelfond, Brian Hernandez, Martin Goros, Joseph G. Ibrahim, Ming-Hui Chen, Wei Sun, Robin J. Leach, Michael W. Kattan, Ian M. Thompson, Donna Pauler Ankerst and Michael Liss
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:45
  18. Solo-surgery can be defined as a practice of a surgeon operating alone using a camera holder, without other surgical members except for a scrub nurse. This study was designed to evaluate the feasibility and sa...

    Authors: Dong Hyeon An, Jae Hyeon Han, Myoung Jin Jang, Joomin Aum, Yu Seon Kim, In Gab Jeong, Bumsik Hong and Dalsan You
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:44
  19. Anti-retropulsive devices are often used to prevent stone migration in the treatment of proximal ureteral calculi. They are helpful. However, in the meantime, they also add extra expenses. This study was carri...

    Authors: Weisong Wu, Jiaqiao Zhang, Rixiati Yi, Xianmiu Li and Xiao Yu
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:43
  20. Adopted the competing-risk model to investigate the relevant factors affecting the prostate cancer (PCa)-specific mortality among Asian-American PCa patients based on the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Re...

    Authors: Di Wu, Yaming Yang, Mingjuan Jiang and Ruizhi Yao
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:42
  21. To investigate whether Pentafecta is suitable for bladder cancer patients receiving laparoscopic radical cystectomy (LRC).

    Authors: Kai Li, Xiao Yang, Juntao Zhuang, Lingkai Cai, Jie Han, Hao Yu, Zijian Zhou, Jianchen Lv, Dexiang Feng, Baorui Yuan, Qikai Wu, Pengchao Li, Qiang Cao and Qiang Lu
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:41
  22. It is widely accepted that there exist microbiota communities in urinary tract of healthy individuals. Imbalance in the urinary microbiome plays important roles in the development of various benign urological ...

    Authors: Kun Li, Chunxiao Chen, Jiarong Zeng, Yuehui Wen, Weihong Chen, Jie Zhao and Peng Wu
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:39
  23. Endoscopic combined intrarenal surgery (ECIRS) is well established as a minimally invasive procedure for the treatment of multiple urolithiasis. The position is the key to the perfect combination of percutaneo...

    Authors: Daming Wang, Hongliang Sun, Dongdong Xie, Zhiqi Liu, Dexin Yu and Demao Ding
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:38
  24. Among malignant tumors, bone metastasis is frequently associated with prostate cancer which is seen in about 80% of patients. During cancer treatments, some tumor cells switch to a "dormant mode" to help tumor...

    Authors: Xing Wang, Jiandi Yu, Junfeng Yan, Kun Peng and Haiyong Zhou
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:37
  25. Authors: Athanasios Zachariou, Minas Paschopoulos, Aris Kaltsas, Fotios Dimitriadis, Athanasios Zikopoulos, Charalampos Mamoulakis, Atsushi Takenaka and Nikolaos Sofkitis
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:36

    The original article was published in BMC Urology 2021 21:93

  26. Immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a systemic lymphoproliferative disorder characterized by elevated serum IgG4 levels and tumefactive lesions that can involve nearly every organ system. Involvemen...

    Authors: Aria Jazdarehee, Azin Ahrari, Drew Bowie, Silvia D. Chang, Henry Tran, Shahin Jamal, Luke Y. C. Chen and Karen C. Tran
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:35
  27. Neglected sexual side effects (NSSE) are a group of less common sexual side effects that may present after Prostate Cancer (PCa) treatment. There is currently no valid and reliable tool to identify these side ...

    Authors: Pierre Röscher, Kimesh Naidoo, Joanne E. Milios and Jacqueline M. van Wyk
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:34
  28. Until five years ago, the metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer (mHSPC) treatment landscape was dominated by the use of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) alone. However, novel hormonal agents (NHAs) an...

    Authors: Andrea Leith, Amanda Ribbands, Jeri Kim, Emily Clayton, Liane Gillespie-Akar, Lingfeng Yang and Sameer R. Ghate
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:33
  29. The syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone is a disorder characterized by the excess release of antidiuretic hormone and can result in hyponatremia. If managed inappropriately, severe hypo...

    Authors: Adeoluwa Ayoola, Quaovi H. Sodji, Sharon Chin, Periklis Panousis, Hilary P. Bagshaw and Mark K. Buyyounouski
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:32
  30. To report the feasibility, oncological and functional outcomes of salvage robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (sRARP) for recurrent prostate cancer (PCa) after irreversible electroporation (IRE).

    Authors: Alexandar Blazevski, William Gondoputro, Matthijs J. Scheltema, Amer Amin, Bart Geboers, Daniela Barreto, Anne-Maree Haynes, Ron Shnier, Warick Delprado, Shikha Agrawal, James E. Thompson and Phillip D. Stricker
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:28
  31. Intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) fails in a considerable proportion of non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) patients despite treatment per recommended protocol. This real-world study aimed to ...

    Authors: Edward I. Broughton, Kyna M. Gooden, Katie L. Mycock, Ivana Rajkovic and Gavin Taylor-Stokes
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:27
  32. Ductus deferens may manifest in a variety of anomalies such as its absence, duplication, ectopy, or diverticulum. Ectopic seminal tract opening has two main types, ectopic ejaculatory duct opening, and ectopic...

    Authors: Marah Mansour, Mohammad Adel Ismail, Mohammad Ali Dashan, Ahmad Kheat, Tamim Alsuliman and Khaled Alrebdawi
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:26
  33. The current study aimed to assess a novel ureteroscopic technique developed for treating upper urinary calculi based on a specially designed lateral decubitus body position that could avoid stone loss by adjus...

    Authors: Jinqing Zhang, Binbin Li, Gang Li, Zengshi Yang, Ning Ye, Yihao Liu, Hongbing Zhuo and Jingfan Hong
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:24
  34. Identifying patients in whom adrenalectomy may be more difficult can help with surgical decision-making. This study investigated the perioperative factors affecting the difficulty of retroperitoneal laparoscop...

    Authors: Jinyao Wang, Bin Yang, Shiwei Sun and Yangang Zhang
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:22
  35. Urethrocutaneous fistula (subsequently, fistula) is a rare adverse event (AE) in voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) programs. Global fistula rates of 0.19 and 0.28 per 100,000 VMMCs were reported. Managem...

    Authors: Vernon Murenje, Victor Omollo, Paidemoyo Gonouya, Joseph Hove, Tinashe Munyaradzi, Phiona Marongwe, Mufuta Tshimanga, Vuyelwa Chitimbire, Sinokuthemba Xaba, John Mandisarisa, Shirish Balachandra, Batsirai Makunike-Chikwinya, Marrianne Holec, Tonderayi Mangwiro, Scott Barnhart and Caryl Feldacker
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:20
  36. Several studies described post-operative irritative symptoms after laser enucleation of prostate, sometimes associated with urge incontinence, probably linked to laser-induced prostatic capsule irritation, and...

    Authors: Riccardo Bertolo, Chiara Cipriani, Matteo Vittori, Marco Carilli, Francesco Maiorino, Valerio Iacovelli, Carlo Ganini, Michele Antonucci, Marta Signoretti, Filomena Petta, Massimo Panei and Pierluigi Bove
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:19
  37. Robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) rates have been increasing worldwide despite a lack of evidence of superior patient-reported outcomes (PROs) compared to open radical prostatectomy (ORP).

    Authors: Michael Rechtman, Andrew Forbes, Jeremy L. Millar, Melanie Evans, Lachlan Dodds, Declan G. Murphy and Sue M. Evans
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:18
  38. There have been few studies regarding viral involvement in the pathogenesis of renal cell carcinoma (RCC). The aim of this study was to examine the possible association of Epstein–Barr virus (EBV) infection wi...

    Authors: Ali Farhadi, Sepide Namdari, Pei Pei Chong, Bita Geramizadeh, Abbas Behzad-Behbahani, Zamberi Sekawi and Sedigheh Sharifzadeh
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:17
  39. The incidence of 47, XYY syndrome in live-born male infants is 1/1000. Due to its variable clinical symptoms, the diagnosis is easy to miss. The incidence of congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens (C...

    Authors: Ci Zou, Dexin Yu, Hao Geng, Xiaofeng Lan and Wei Sun
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:16
  40. Epidemiological data on anticoagulation for venous thromboembolism (VTE) in prostate cancer are sparse. We aimed to investigate associations between anticoagulation duration and risks of VTE recurrence after t...

    Authors: Yanina Balabanova, Bahman Farahmand, Pär Stattin, Hans Garmo and Gunnar Brobert
    Citation: BMC Urology 2022 22:15

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